Fossils, reconstruction of dinosaurs and other
prehistoric animals, paleontologists, contributors to Paleontology
science, Charles Darwin on stamps, postal stationeries and
postmarks of Poland
, officially the Republic of Poland,
is a country in Central Europe, situated between the Baltic Sea in
the north and two mountain ranges in the south.
Bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic
to the south; Ukraine
to the east; and the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) and
to the north.
The total area of Poland is 312,679 square kilometres, a population of over 38.5 million people.
The capital and largest city is Warsaw.
Dinosaurs were present in Poland mainly in the south (Silesia and the Świętokrzyskie Mountains),
because during the Mesozoic era, the areas of today's Poland located north were mostly covered by water.
The most numerous dinosaur fossils on the territory of our country are the so-called traces (footprints)
left by reptiles walking on wet sand.
The first Polish stamp was issued for the Congress Kingdom on 1 January 1860
Official stamps of Poland related to Paleontology: fossils, reconstruction of dinosaurs and other
prehistoric animals, paleontologists, Charles Darwin
 Charles Darwin depicting on stamps of 20Gr.
the 150th anniversary of the birth of Charles Robert
Darwin, and the 100th anniversary of the publication of his most famous
work "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
Distinguished from 2009
when half of the world issued stamps and
postmarks to celebrate his 200 anniversary, in 1958-1959
only 5, all communistic, countries signed this event by stamps:
 Aleksander Piotr Czekanowski
(12 February 1833 – 30 October 1876) was a Polish geologist,
paleontologist and explorer of Siberia.
During his studies in Kiev and Dorpat and his later period of
employment, Czekanowski carried out studies in the natural sciences,
collecting material and making observations. In Podole he gathered
together rich collections of Silurian fossils; the armored fish from
these collections were later added to by the paleontologist Friedrich
Schmidt. Studying in Dorpat under the guidance of the geologist K.
Grewingk, Czekanowski collected rich paleontological material from the
Baltic Paleozoic and organized the mineralogical collections of the
Poland issued a set of 6 stamp of "Polish scientific
Expeditions". One of these stamps shows Tarbosaur excavation by
Polnish-Mongolian Paleontological Expedition in Gobi desert between
1967 and 1971.
Under the agreement signed in Ulan Bator in May 1969 between the Polish
and Mongolian' Academics of Sciences, 2 large Polish-Mongolian
expeditions were to be organized in 1970and 1971to continue the work
done in 1963-1965. They were to work in the same regions as in previous
years,that is in Bayn Dzak and in the Nemegt Basinand surrounding area.
During the 2 month stay in Nemegt the many dinosaur specimens from the
Upper Nemegt Beds were discovered. Among them two incomplete skeleton
of Tarbosaurus sp. and several fragments of the skeletons of the same species.
 Roman Kozłowski (February 1, 1889 – May
2, 1977) was a Polish paleontologist, best known for his work on
graptolites (are colonial animals known chiefly as fossils from the
Middle Cambrian). He was the founder of Polish palaeontology and
the Institute of Palaeozoology
PAS ( now the Institute of Paleobiology PAS) in 1952.
 One of the stamps from "Amber routes" set,
with face value of 3000zl shows insect in amber.
Such ambers found in big quantity in Poland and Lithuania
as shown on a tab of Lithuanian amber stamps in 2009
Other stamps of Poland to consider: contributors to Paleontology
|03.07.2002 "The 200th Anniversary of the Birth of Ignacego Domeyko" [A1]
Ignacy Domeyko or Domejko, born in
Novohrudak, now Karelichy District , Belarus, 31 July 1802 – 23 January
1889, Santiago de Chile, was a Polish geologist, mineralogist and
educator. Domeyko spent most of his life, and died, in his adopted
country, Chile. He lived some 50 years in Chile and made major
contributions to the study of that country's geography, geology and
mineralogy. His observations on the circumstances of poverty-stricken
miners and of their wealthy exploiters had a profound influence on
those who would go on to shape Chile's labor movement. Domeyko, being
not particularly interested in palaeontology, was sending occasionally
the collected fossils to French specialists
These were studied mainly by A. d’Orbigny who, in honour of their
discoverer, has named some of them, Fossil
, Ammonites domeykanus
and many more.
They are actually ex posed at the Museum of Natural
History in Paris together with preserved remarks of
this distinguished French paleontologist.
Joint issue with Chile
Stamp of very similar design issued in Chile on 11th
Commemorative postmarks of Poland related to Paleontology: fossils, dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, paleontologists
Jan Czerski on stamp of Poland 2002 with Coelodonta skeleton on the background
Jan Czerski on stamp of Belarus 1995
was a Polish paleontologist (osteologist), geologist, geographer and
explorer of Siberia. He was exiled to Transbaikalia for participation
in the January Uprising of 1863. A self-taught scientist, he eventually
received three gold medals from the Russian Geographical Society, and
his name was given to a settlement, two mountain ranges, several peaks
and other places. He authored the first map of Lake Baikal and died
during an expedition to Kolyma. During his expeditions he collected and
cataloged over 2,500 of ancient bones, publishing in 1888 a large work
on Quaternary Period (from 2.588 ± 0.005 million years ago to the present)
mammals followed by an even larger work on the Siberian mammals relics in 1891.
To date (2020) Jan Czerski commemorated on two stamps only - Poland
(with Coelodonta skeleton on the background) and Belarus 1995 (see on the right)
Postal stationery of Poland related to Paleontology
|1970 "50th anniversary of Geologic Institute in Warsaw"
||2007 "The Kraków-Częstochowa Upland, also known as the Polish Jurassic Highland" [PS1]
[PS1] The Kraków-Częstochowa Upland, also known as the Polish Jurassic
Highland or Polish Jura (Polish: Jura Krakowsko-Częstochowska), is part
of the Jurassic System of south–central Poland, stretching between the
cities of Kraków, Częstochowa and Wieluń. The Polish Jura borders the
Lesser Polish Upland to the north and east, the foothills of the
Western Carpathians to the south and Silesian Upland to the west.
The Polish Jura consists of a hilly landscape with Jurassic limestone
rocks, cliffs, valleys and vast limestone formations, featuring some
220 caves. The relief of the upland developed since the Paleogene,
under climatic conditions changing considerably. Its main component is
a peneplain, crowned by monadnocks, rocky masses that resisted erosion,
generated as hard rock on Late Jurassic buildup surrounded by less
resistant bedded limestone of the same age. The Polish Jura is visited
by roughly 400,000 visitors a year. Part of it belongs to the Ojców
National Park, the smallest of Poland's twenty national parks, ranking
among the most attractive recreational areas of the country.
Special Covers of Poland related to Paleontology
|1995 Cover of the Institute of Paleobiology in Warsaw [COV1]
[COV1] The Institute of Paleobiology in Warsaw
|Logo of the Institute of Paleobiology in Warsaw on a cover from Poland 1995
||Logo of the Institute of Paleobiology in Warsaw, from it home page
||Archaeopteryx on stamp of Poland 1966
The Institute of Paleobiology (formerly the Institute of Paleozoology) is one of the oldest units of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
The Institute wss established in December, 1952 by professor, palaeontologist Roman Stanisław Jakub Kozłowski, who was commemorated on Polnish stamp in 1990
The Institute placed an Archaeopteryx on its logo - very similar to the reconstruction of famous Czech Paleoartist Zdenek Burian, as shown on Polnish stamp from 1966.
Since its start, the Institute has conducted biologically-oriented research on ancient life.
Descriptions of fossil biota are accompanied by comparative studies of their Recent counterparts.
The scope of its research covers vertebrates, invertebrates and microfossils of various origins.
The Institute has organized and participated in scientific expeditions to various areas of the world (Mongolia, Spitsbergen, Antarctica).
A scene of one of such expedition commemorated on Polnish stamp in 1980
and shows excavation of Tarbosaurus Bataar
dinosaur (relative of Tyrannosaurus Rex)
by Polnish paleontologist in Mongolia.
Many fossils which discovered and brought to Poland by the stuff of the Institute can be seen in its museum - the Museum of Evolution of the Institute of Paleobiology
[R2] Postal History and Philately of Poland:
- Links to official website of Post Authority, stamp catalog and list of new stamps of Poland are here
[R3] Aleksander Piotr Czekanowski:
[R4] Ignacy Domeyko:
[R5] The Institute of Paleobiology in Warsaw:
[R6] Roman Kozłowski:
[R7] Jan Czerski:
[R8] The Kraków-Częstochowa Upland: