German Democratic Republic (GDR)
Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, fossils, contributors to
Paleontology and Paleoanthropology science, Charles Darwin
on stamps, postmarks and postal stationeries of German Democratic Republic
, formally the German Democratic Republic or GDR
(German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik or DDR
), was a state within the
Eastern Block during the Cold War period.
From 1949 to 1990, it administered the region of Germany which was occupied by Soviet forces
at the end of the Second World War—the Soviet Occupation Zone of the Potsdam Agreement,
bounded on the east by the Oder–Neisse line.
zone surrounded West Berlin
but did not include it; as a result, West Berlin remained outside the jurisdiction of the GDR.
In 1989, numerous social and political forces in the GDR and abroad led to the destruction of
the Berlin Wall and the emergence of a government committed to liberalization.
The following year open elections were held, and international negotiations led to the signing
of the Final Settlement treaty on the status and borders of Germany.
The GDR was dissolved and Germany was unified on 3 October 1990.
With the formation of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) the Deutsche
Post of the GDR service was established as the governmental agency to
provide mail services.
Its first stamp was released on October 9, 1949.
Stamps were to some degree used to gain currency abroad, that is some
stamps were not produced for circulation but sold directly to stamp dealers.
With the 1990 reunification, the Deutsche Post became part of the Deutsche Bundespost.
Official stamps of East Germany related to Paleontology: dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, fossils, Charles Darwin
|19.06.1958 "Famous naturalists" 
||06.02.1973 "Berlin Natural History Museum, Paleontologic collection"
||24.10.1978 "250th anniversary of Dresden Science Museum" 
|17.04.1990 "100th anniversary of Natural History Museum of Humboldt University in Berlin"
 Charles Darwin
shown on the green stamp and Carl Linnaeus
shown on the red one.
 Frog, Palaeobatrachus diluvianus
, fossil shown on stamp with face value of 35pf.
was a genus of primitive frog from Europe that existed
from the Cretaceous to the middle Pleistocene period (621-568 thousand years ago).
P.S. There are only few stamps and postmarks of prehistoric frogs.
The only dinosaur stamps of East Germany.
The stamp depicting Kentrurosarus
was issued in two formats: a sheet of the stamp and as a
souvenir sheet with a block of four stamps.
The margins of the souvenir sheet had depictions of may marine prehistoric animals on the margins.
The other issues in the set were also issued in sheets of the single variety.
Originally designed as a three-winged building according to the plans of August Tiede, it was opened in 1889
and brought together three previously independent institutions of the University of Berlin: the
Geological-Paleontological, the Mineralogical-Petrographic and the Zoological Museum
(established in 1809).
Too date The Museum contains over 30 million objects.
One of the most famous dinosaur skeletons in the Museum’s collection is the skeleton of
, shown on the stamp with face value of 50 pf.
"Mounted skeleton of Brachiosaurus in dinosaur hall of Natural History Museum
in Berlin on post card of Germany 2010.
Brachiosaurus skeleton on stamp of East Germany 1990.
MiNr.: 3327, Scott: 2815
The dinosaur appeared on a German stamp and special postcard in 2010
when the Museum of Natural History of Berlin celebrated its 200th
as counted from the establishment of the Zoological Museum in 1809 which is now part of the Museum of Natural History.
This fossil was originally collected between 1909 and 1912 by German paleontological expeditions in the Tendaguru Formation of Tanzania
(Tanzania was a colony of Germany at that time).
In 1914 German paleontologist Werner Janensch described is as new dinosaur species of
Brachiosaurus genus - Brachiosaurus brancai
In 2009 Brachiosaurus brancai
was assigned to a new genus Giraffatitan
Since its discovery and till 1990s, Giraffatitan
was claimed to be the largest dinosaur known,
(ignoring the possibly larger but lost Maraapunisaurus
) and thus the largest land animal in history.
All size estimates for Giraffatitan
are based on the skeleton mounted in Berlin, which is partly constructed from authentic bones.
Other stamps of East Germany to consider: contributors to Paleontology
|02.11.1955 "400 years since death of Georgius Agricola" [A1]
||26.02.1980 "Famous scientists" [A2]
[A1] Georgius Agricola
was fossil collector and also
known as "the father of mineralogy".
[A2] Alfred Wegener
shown on stamp with face value of 25pf
Postal stationery of East Germany related to Paleontology and Paleoanthropology: Neanderthal,
fossils, contributors to Paleontology and Paleoanthropology science
|1982 "Charles Darwin" [PS1]
||1983 "100th anniversary of Museum of Prehistory and Early History of Thuringia" [PS2]
||1990 "Human Evolution"
[PS1] 100 years since death of Charles Darwin.
Tree of life and quote from his most famous book "Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection".
There is also a commemorative postmark with portrait of young Darwin issued for this event.
[PS2] Exhibits of Museum of Prehistory and Early History of Thuringia explain the 400.000
year history of the region, includes remains of Neanderthals and their flint tools,
as shown on illustration of the postcard.
Other Postal stationery of East Germany to consider: flint tool, contributors to Paleontology and Paleoanthropology science
[PSA1] Flint tools shown on illustration of the postcard and correspondent postmark with
slogan "Report Archaeological finds !"
[PSA2] "Cranial surgery". The text on the bottom-left side says-frequent medical
intervention on the skull of living humans in the Jungsteinstein with the help of flint tools.
[PSA3] Thomas Henry Huxley (4 May 1825 – 29 June 1895) was an English biologist and anthropologist
specializing in comparative anatomy.
He is known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.
Some animals and human skulls are shown on the postcard too.
Postmarks of East Germany related to Paleontology and Paleoanthropology: prehistoric animals, fossil, Charles Darwin
Legend is here
[DU] "Ruebelaender stalactite caves" [Sp] [C1]
||1971-1973 [DU] "Uftrungen the biggest gypsum cave in Germany" [Sp] [C1]
"Uftrungen gypsum cave in Germany" [Sp] [C1]
Available in black and blue colors
|27.11.1982 "Charles Darwin (1809-1882)" [Sp] [PS1] /sup>
||17.04.1990 "100th anniversary of Natural History Museum of Humboldt University in Berlin" [FDC]
[C1] Fossils of Cave Bears found in many caves across Germany
Other Postmarks of East Germany to consider: flint tool, contributors to Paleontology and Paleoanthropology science
Legend is here
|28.05.1982 "Flint tool"
||09.01.1984 "Thomas Henry Huxley"
Dr. Peter Voice
from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, for the draft page review and his valuable comments.