Austria

Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, fossils, fossil found places, Charles Darwin on stamps and postmarks of Austria

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Contents:
Austria officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.5 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The territory of Austria covers 83,879 square kilometres . Austria's terrain is highly mountainous, lying within the Alps. The majority of the population speak local Bavarian dialects of German as their native language, and Austrian German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other local official languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene. Austria, with its well-developed market economy, skilled labor force, and high standard of living, is closely tied to other EU economies, especially Germany's. [R1]


Black print of Charles Darwin stamps of Austria 2009 Booklet of personalized stamps of dinosaurs and other prehistoric Since 1946, the standard set of stamp-related philatelic products issued by the Austrian Post include stamps, an information page or brochure, FDC, but also a Black Print. The information page or brochure includes a brief description of the issue and some technical details. The Black Print is an ungummed, imperforate proof printed in black from the original printing plates. Black prints are distributed by the Austrian Post, but are not valid postage. Limited numbers (about 500) of these philatelic souvenirs are printed.

Another unusual feature of Austrian Post is production and distribution at official Philatelic Bureau of kind of "official personalized" stamps. Distinguished from regular personalized stamps, produced for private persons or companies the "official personalized" stamps produced in big topical sets and offered at face value price. [R2]


Official stamps of Austria related to Paleontology: fossils, Charles Darwin

30.04.1976 "Vienna Natural History Museum Centennial" 12.01.1999 "150th anniversary of the Austrian Geological Survey" 24.11.2009 "200th anniversary Charles Darwin"
Ammonite on Vienna Natural History Museum Centennial stamp of Austria 1976 Ammonites on stamps of Austria 1999 Charles Darwin on stamps of Austria 2009



Other stamps of Austria to consider: contributors to Paleontology, prehistoric animals as art objects, Natural History Museum

31.10.1980 "100th anniversary of Alfred Wegener" [A1] 20.07.1983 "150th anniversary of Carl Freiherr von Hasenaer" [A2] 26.04.1989 "Eduard Suess (1831-1914)" [A3]
Alfred Wegener on stamps of Austria 1980 Natural History Museum on stamps of Austria 1983 Eduard Suess on stamps of Aus 1989
"Lindwurmbrunnen von Klagenfurt" [A4]
22.01.1968 "Lindwurmbrunnen von Klagenfurt " xx.xx.2013 "Architecture" 01.03.2015 "Lindwurm von Klagenfurt"
Lindwurmbrunnen von Klagenfurt on stamp of Austria 1968 Lindwurmbrunnen von Klagenfurt on stamp of Austria 2013 Lindwurmbrunnen von Klagenfurt on stamp of Austria 2015

Notes:
[A1] Alfred Wegener - German polar researcher, geophysicist, meteorologist and the originator of the theory of continental drift. [R8]

The Museum of Natural History in Vienna on postcard [A2] Baron Karl von Hasenauer (Carl Freiherr von Hasenauer), was an important Austrian architect who designed the building of the Museum of Natural History in Vienna, that shown on the background of the stamp.
The Museum of Natural History in Vienna (German: Naturhistorisches Museum Wien) is a large natural history museum located in Vienna, Austria and it is one of the most important natural history museums worldwide.
The museum's 39 exhibition rooms cover 8,460 square meters and present more than 100,000 objects, includes very extensive exhibition of fossils and replication of prehistoric animals. [R8]
So far there are any stamp dedicated to the Museum of Natural History in Vienna, but the museum uses a meter franking with its building and also produced some special commemorative postmarks and meter franking to attract potential visitors to show its special exhibitions.
Some dinosaurs from collection of the Museum of Natural History in Vienna on its postcards:
Dinosaurs on postcards of the Museum of Natural History in Vienna

[A3] Eduard Suess - geologist who "discovered" prehistoric Gondwana continent. He proposed the land bridge model for the distribution of fossil organisms. He suggested that Gondwana was a supercontinent where land bridges had risen up out of the oceans to connect the modern continents together – so the animals could just walk across the bridge (He was influenced by the Bering Sea Land bridge between Eurasia and North America that had been described by that point).
He thought the continents were fixed in place – so the bridges had to pop up and then sink back down later on – but had no mechanism to explain how it worked nor had any idea what oceanic crust was made of. [R10]

[A4] Legend has it that Klagenfurt was founded after a couple of brave men had slain the abominable "Lindwurm", a winged dragon in the moors adjoining the lake, the staple diet of which is said to have been virgins, but which did not spurn the fat bull on a chain that the men had mounted on a strong tower. Klagenfurt Lindwurm Klagenfurt Lindwurm The feat is commemorated by a grandiose 9-ton Renaissance monument in the city centre. Although it represents a dragon, it can be regarded as the first palaeontological reconstruction. The head of the statue is modeled on the skull of Woolly Rhinoceros. In 1335 the cranium of a wooly rhinoceros from the ice-age was found in a gravel pit near Klagenfurt. It was instantly interpreted as the skull of a dragon or Lindwurm. This fossil, which is still on exhibit at the Landesmuseum für Kärnten, served as a model for the head of the Lindwurm. [R11]




Personalized stamps of Austria related to Paleontology: dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals

??.??.2011 "Prehistoric animals"
Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamp of Austria 2018



Personalized stamps of Austria to consider: HMS Beagle, prehistoric animals as art objects

??.??.2018 "200th anniversary of Charles Darwin" 02.05.2018 "Sightseeing of Austria" [A4]
HMS Beagle on stamp of Austria 2009 Lindwurmbrunnen von Klagenfurt on stamp of Austria 2018

Notes:
[P1] HMS Beagle was a Cherokee-class 10-gun brig-sloop of the Royal Navy, one of more than 100 ships of this class. On the second voyage a young naturalist named Charles Darwin was on board; the pivotal role this round the world voyage played in forming his scientific theories made the HMS Beagle one of the most famous ships in history. Darwin had kept a diary of his experiences, and rewrote this as the book titled Journal and Remarks, published in 1839 as the third volume of the official account of the expedition. This travelogue and scientific journal was widely popular, and was reprinted many times with various titles, becoming known as The Voyage of the Beagle. This diary is where Darwin drew most of the ideas for his publications. Darwin attributes his first real training in natural history to his voyage on the Beagle. [R12]


Commemorative postmarks and meter franking of Austria related to Paleontology: fossils, prehistoric animals, dinosaurs, Charles Darwin, Natural History Museum

Legend is here
15.08.1960 "Natural history on stamps" [Sp] 26.9.1969 "Meeting Geology and Philately in Linz" [Sp] 1974 "100 years since discovery in Stillfried" [Sp] [C1]
Dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Austria 1960 Prehistoric fish on commemorative postmark of Austria 1969 Mammoth on commemorative postmark of Austria 1974
30.04.1976 "Vienna Natural History Museum Centennial" [FDC] 1980 "Natural history museum" [PM] 22.11.1983 "Natural history museum"
Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1976 Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1981 Dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983
21.08.1983 "3rd philateliec hiking and advertising show in Gosau" [Sp] 25.09.1983 "IBSV Stamps Show in Mettmach" [Sp] [C6] 1985-1993 "Visit Horm and its Museums" [PM] [C2]
Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983 Prehistoric elephant Gomphotherium on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983 Mammoth on Visit Horm and its Museums postmark
1989 "Mettmach your vacation target" [PM] [C6] 1989 "Natural History Museum of Vienna" [PM] 27.2.1991 "90 years of Krahuletsmuseum in Eggenburg. Meeting of Palaontological society" [Sp] [C3]
Prehistoric elephant Gomphotherium on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983 Tyrannosaurus rex on commemorative postmark of Austria 1989 Steller's sea cow on postmark of Austria 1991
03.01.1991 "Stamps exhibition of Youth group JUPHILA" 01.05.1993 "Giants of prehistoric times" [Sp] 13.03.1994 "20 years of mineral show VOOM in St. Polsten" [Sp]
Dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Austria 1993 Dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Austria 1993 Fossils on commemorative postmark of Austria 1994
12.03.1995 "Fossils and Minerals trade show in Voom" [Sp] 01.07.1995 "950 years of Stillfried-Grub. Open prehistoric museum" [Sp] [C1] 1991- 1998 "Ernstbrunn natural park" [PM]
Insect in Amber on commemorative postmark of Austria 1995 Mammoth on commemorative postmark of Austria 1995 Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1998
20.03.1999 "100 year anniversary of the death of Franz V. Hauers, Found of the Paleontology School in Vienna." [Sp] [C4] 24.11.2009 "200 anniversary Charles Darwin" [FDC] 21.06.2013 "World heritage Dolomiten, exhibition in Eppan 2013" [Sp] [C5]
Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1999 Charles Darwin on commemorative postmark of Austria 2009 Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 2013

Notes:
[C1] Paleolithic hunters lived in the Stillfried area about 25,000 years ago. In a grassy landscape with few bushes and trees they hunted mammoth, rhinoceros, wild horse, reindeer, ice fox and mountain hare. Many remains of prehistoric animals and stone edge tools found in Stillfried can be seen in the local museum. [R3]

[C2]

[C3] The oldest fossil in the Krahuletz Museum date back to the Permian age, 300 million years ago, and were found in Kamptal.
Fossil animals such as the Eggenburg crocodile or the sea cow Metaxytherium krahuletzi (depicting on the postmark) are among the highlights of their collection and established their worldwide fame.
The scientific name of our manatees is "Metaxytherium krahuletzi", they were named after Johann Krahuletz, who had found the first bones. They lived about 20 million years ago on the coast of the tropical Eggenburg Sea.
In the community sand pit of Kuehnring seven almost complete skeletons of manatees were discovered, which had probably died together during a storm surge and debris avalanche. [R4]
Ammonite on postmark of Italy 2013
[C4] Franz Ritter von Hauer, or Franz von Hauer (1822-1899), was an Austrian geologist and paleontologist. Among his special geological works are those on the Cephalopoda of the Triassic and Jurassic formations of Alpine regions (1855-1856). He recognized and discovered 89 species and established the Middle and Late Triassic stratigraphical units of deep shelf environments. [R5]

[C5] Italy issued a very similar postmark

[C6] In the 1960 a tusk of a Gomphotherium angustidens was found in a pit near the town of Mettmach in Austria. They put this prehistoric elephant on their coat of arms. [R6]

[C7]
Gomphotherium angustidens on coat of arms of Meemach town in Austria Gomphotherium on post stamp of Nepal 2014
Gomphotherium angustidens on coat of arms of Meemach town in Austria" Gomphotherium on post stamp of Nepal 2015.
MiNr.: 1183 Scott: 983
The animal on the coat of arms looks like a modern a elephant and it is very hard to recognize it as Gomphotherium. Gomphotherium is an extinct genus of proboscids (elephant) from the Neogene and early Pleistocene of Eurasia, Africa, and North America.
It had four tusks, two on the upper jaw and two on the elongated lower jaw. The lower tusks are parallel and shaped like a shovel and were probably used for digging up food from mud. Unlike modern elephants, the upper tusks were covered by a layer of enamel. Compared to elephants, the skull was more elongated and low, indicating that the animal had a short trunk. These animals probably lived in swamps or near lakes, using their tusks to dig or scrape up aquatic vegetation. [R7]


Other Commemorative postmarks and meter franking of Austria to consider

Legend is here
22.08.1982 "2nd philatelic hiking day of Stamp Collectors Club of Dachstein" [Sp] [CA1] 17.06.1988 "Stamps show of Youth philatelic club JUPHILA" [CA1] 25.01.1989 "38th International ski customs championships" [Sp] [CA1]
Amminite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983 Amminite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983 Amminite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1983
29.02.1992 "17th International Mineral show" [Sp] [CA1] 04.06.1995 "40th anniversary of Youth philatelic group" [Sp] 1998 "Natural History Museum in Vienna" [A2] [PM]
Ammonite on commemorative postmark of Austria 1992 Dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Austria 1995 Natural history museum of Wien on commemorative postmark of Austria 1998
12.01.1999 "150th Anniversary of the Austrian Geological Survey" [FDC] 2002 "Natural History Museum in Vienna" [A2] [PM] [N] 2003 "Kovac Stahl KG" [CA2]
Natural history museum of Wien on commemorative postmark of Austria 1998 Natural history museum of Wien on commemorative postmark of Austria 2002 Stylized Dinosaur on meter franking of Kovac Stahl KG company from Graz

Notes:
[CA1] Stylized Ammonite on commemorative postmark of some philatelic clubs.
[CA2] Stylized theropod dinosaur without arms on meter franking of commercial company from Graz.



References:


Acknowledgements:
Many thanks to Dr. Peter Voice from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, for the draft page review and his very valuable comments.


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