Guinea

Dinosaurs, prehistoric animals, fossils, prehistoric human, Charles Darwin on stamps and postmarks of Guinea

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Contents:
Guinea, officially the Republic of Guinea (French: République de Guinée), is a country in West Africa.
Formerly known as French Guinea (French: Guinée française), the modern country is sometimes referred to as Guinea-Conakry in order to distinguish it from other country of the wider region with similar names, such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea. Guinea has a population of 10.5 million and an area of 245,860 km2.
Guinea's economy is largely dependent on agriculture and mineral production. It is the world's second largest producer of bauxite and has rich deposits of diamonds and gold. [R1]

The first stamps of independent Guinea were issued on 5 January 1959. Before that, Guinea used general French Colonies stamps, the stamps of Senegal and stamps of French West Africa.
During the first few years after gaining independence, the Post Authority of Guinea issued about 40 stamps a year with designs directly connected to the country: local fauna, famous personalities, landscapes etc.
Michel-online and printed stamps catalog

Beginning in the 1980s and lasting until the end of the 1990s, Guinea authorized Swiss-based security printing company Impressor SA to produce and distribute stamps on the country’s behalf.
Even though the annual number of stamps produced remained in the reasonable range between 30 and 100 issues, many stamps exhibit general, popular topics such as mushrooms, butterflies, dinosaurs, American Presidents, etc. Many of these sets were issued in many varieties – single stamps, mini-sheets, souvenir sheets, etc.
Since 2002, Guinea has been a client of Stamperija. The number of stamp issues per year has dramatically increased – 500 stamps in 1998 and over a 1000 stamps in 2008!
Stamperija issues on behalf of Guinea stamps showing every possible popular topic. [R2]


Due to the facts above most stamps of Guinea should be avoided from serious collections and philatelic exhibition, therefore all all of them are marked with a gray background.




Official stamps of Guinea related to Paleontology and Paleoanthropology: dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, fossils, Charles Darwin

01.11.1987 "Prehistoric fauna" 1991 "Surcharged stamps" [1] 27.10.1993 "Dinosaurs"
Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 1987 Smilodon on stamps of Guinea 1991 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 1993
15.12.1997 "Prehistoric animals" [2]
01.01.1998 "Animals of the world"
20.03.1998 "Dinosaurs"
07.05.1998 "Dinosaurs", "Minerals" [3]
06.10.1999 "Minerals" [3]
12.08.1999 "Prehistoric Animals" many
Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 1997 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 1998 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 1999
27.12.2002 "Scouts and Prehistoric Animals"
28.02.2006 "Prehistoric and present Marine Animals" [9]
06.11.2006 "Scouts and Dinosaurs"
05.12.2006 "Scouts"
30.08.2007 "XII Games Cancelled 1940" [11]
28.09.2007"Elephants and Mammoths"
28.09.2007"Dinosaurs and Minerals"
28.09.2007"Dinosaurs and comet Galileo"
20.12.2007 "TRANSPORTS: Ernest Orlando Lawrence, Sonde Solar B" [10]
Dinosaurs on stamps of Guinea 2002 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2006 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2007
25.05.2008 "Dinosaurs",
25.05.2008 "Elephants and Mammoths"
01.09.2008 "CELEBRITES Stan Winston" [12]
17.11.2008 "MEDAILE WINNERS A.Weil, A.Connes, A.Beker, J.C.Fiels, V.Drinfeld, S.Donaldson, A.Okunkov" [13], "CINEMA – Cesar" [14]
25.02.2009 "Dinosaurs"
10.04.2009 "Charles Darwin"
23.02.2009 "Surcharged stamps" [4]
Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2008 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2009 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2009
10.05.2011 "Dinosaurs"
28.07.2011 "90th Anniversary of Nobel Prix for Albert Einstein" [16]
30.08.2011 "Dinosaurs"
30.09.2011 "Prehistoric Art"
30.08.2012 "Scientists" [5]
30.04.2013 "Dinosaurs"
31.05.2013 "Animals: Whales" [6]
31.05.2013 "Animals: Ants" [6]
15.09.2013 "Dinosaurs and Volcanoes"
30.11.2013"Dinosaurs"
Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2011 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2012 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2013
01.10.2014 "Prehistoric Animals"
27.10.2014 "Dinosaurs"
20.03.2015 "Flying Dinosaurs"
20.03.2015 "Fishes of the World" [7]
22.06.2015 "Dinosaurs"
20.08.2015 "Aquatic Prehistoric Animals"
25.11.2015 "Dinosaurs"
18.07.2016 "Extinct Animals"
18.07.2016 "Dinosaurs"
01.12.2016 "Dinosaurs"
01.12.2016 "Extinct Animals"
Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2014 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2015 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2016
24.04.2017 "Dinosaurs"
24.04.2017 "Neanderthals and prehistoric animals"
24.04.2017 "Stamp on stamp" [15]
22.05.2017 "Flying Dinosaurs"
20.06.2017 "Dinosaurs"
25.08.2017 "Prehistoric water animals"
09.10.2017 "Dinosaurs"
10.10.2017 "80th memorial anniversary of Charles Darwin (1809–1882)" [17]
26.04.2018 "Extinct animals"
08.08.2018 "Dinosaurs"
23.10..2018 "Prehistoric Aquatic Animals"
22.04.2019 "Dinosaurs"
26.06.2019 "Prehistoric water animals"
28.08.2019 "Flying Dinosaurs"
11.12.2019 "Fossils"
11.12.2019 "Dinosaurs"
Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2017 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2018 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2019
28.04.2020 "Dinosaurs"
26.10.2020 "Dinosaurs"
26.10.2020 "Prehistoric water animals"
26.10.2020 "Fossils"
15.12.2020 "Prehistoric humans"
15.12.2020 "Flying dinosaurs"
25.02.2021 "Dinosaurs"
25.02.2021 "Fossils"
Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2020 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2021

Notes:
[1] Within 1991 many stamps issued previously were reused: new values are surcharged. One of these stamps is Smilodon stamp from "Prehistoric Animals" set from 1987.

Dinosaurs on FDC of Guinea 1993 Dinosaurs on FDC of Guinea 1997 [2] The only set with commemorative postmark on FDC, other FDC are canceled by regular postmark with date of the "issue". Worth to mention, FDC are produced together with the stamp and usually appears on the market, even at Stamperija online shop, much after the date of a postmark used on FDC - actually FDCs of Guinea are not First Day Covers, but just commemorative covers. It is impossible to get really used FDC of the country.
Example of typical "FDC" of Guinea is on the right side. Even though special cover with correspondent illustration is used, it is cancelled with regular postmark.

[3] Some dinosaurs are depicted on the margins of "Minerals" Blocks.

[4] Within 2009 many dinosaur and prehistoric animal stamps issued previously were reused: new values and in most of the cases also a text "200e Anniversaire De Charles Darwin" (200th anniversary of Charles Darwin) are are surcharged and overprinted.

[5] Charles Darwin and some Dinosaurs are depicted on one of the stamps at "Scientists" Mini-Sheet. The dinosaurs are: Ceratosaurus described in 1884 and Dilophosaurus described in 1970. Both was unknown to Darwin who died in 1882.

Ant, Ambulocetus natans, in Amber on stamp of Guinea 2013 Ambulocetus, early cetacean  on stamp of Guinea 2013 [6] Ant in Amber is shown on margin of "Ants" Mini-Sheet.

Ambulocetus natans shown on the margin of "Whales" Mini-Sheet.
Ambulocetus was an amphibious, early cetacean that had reduced limbs that could support it on land and large feet used for paddling in water. It lacked the tail fluke, present in later early whales, and had a pelvis attached to the spine, in contrast to later whales and hence, it could walk as well as swim. Along with other members of Ambulocetidae, it is a transitional fossil that shows how whales evolved from land-living mammals. It is also named the walking whale because of this.

[7] Latimeria (Coelacanth), "living fossil" fish is shown on the margin of a block belongs to "Fishes of the World" set.
Until 1938 Latimeria was known to scientist from fossil record only. Stamps of South Africa issued in 1989 are dedicated to the discovery. Since than several species are found off the coasts of South Africa, Comoros Islands (many stamps dedicated to Latimeria are issued by the country. "Searching for African Coelacanths" exhibit of Susan Bahnick Jones explain the story of the "living fossil" discovery.

[9] "Prehistoric and Present Marine Animals" set contain four Mini-Sheets, each one shows many present and one prehistoric marine animal: skull of some seal, perhaps fossil of prehistoric specie, on the margin, Trilobite, Liopleurodon ferox (carnivorous marine reptile belonging to the Pliosauroidea, a clade of short-necked plesiosaurs) on stamp and margin, Archelon ischyros (prehistoric giant sea turtle) on stamp and margin.
Prehistoric and Present Marine Animals on stamps of Guinea 2006

[10] Charles Darwin is on margin of a Block of "TRANSPORTS: Ernest Orlando Lawrence, Sonde Solar B" set

[11] Cave paintings of Lascaux cave and a caveman, most likely Cro-Magnon man (Homo sapiens), on margin of a Block of "XII Games Cancelled 1940"

[12] Jurassic Park's Dinosaurs are on stamp of the Block and on margins of the Mini-Sheet

[13] Stylized ammonite on top-right corner of the Mini-Sheet of "MEDAILE WINNERS A.Weil, A.Connes, A.Baker, J.C.Fiels, V.Drinfeld, S.Donaldson, A.Okunkov"

[14] Movie 'La Guerre du feu' (Quest for Fire), Neanderthal man on one of the stamps of "CINEMA – Cesar" Mini-Sheet (top-left stamp)

[15] One of the stamps from set "Stamp on stamp" shows a stamp of Vietnam 1991 with Deinotherium giganteum on it.
stamp of Vietnam on stamp of Guinea 2017 Deinotherium giganteum on stamp of Vietnam 1991
Stamp of Vietnam 1991, with Deinotherium giganteum in the bottom side of the stamp from Guinea 2017. Deinotherium giganteum on stamp of Vietnam 1991, MiNr.: 2363, Scott: 2293d.

[16] Neanderthal man on of Mini-Sheet of "90th Anniversary of Nobel Prix for Albert Einstein" set

Charles Darwin on stamps of Guinea 2017 Homo naledi on stamp of Darwin 2017
Homo erectus on stamp of Darwin 2017 Above: "Homo naledi" on the margin of original Souvenir-sheet, called "Homo erectus". Corrected on the second edition.

On the right: "Homo naledi" correctly named on the original stamp from the Souvenir-Sheet, but renamed to "Homo erectus" on the second edition.
[17] On October 10 2017, Stamperija on behalf of Guinea, issued a set of Souvenir and Mini Sheet with wrong title "80th memorial anniversary of Charles Darwin (1809–1882)".

Moreover "Homo naledi" on margin of the Souvenir Sheet was called "Homo erectus".

Later on, Stamperija reprinted the set with corrected title "135th memorial anniversary of Charles Darwin (1809–1882)" and corrected name of "Homo naledi" on the Souvenir Sheet margin, but made another mistake when by renaming "Homo erectus" on stamp to "Homo naledi". One issue fixed, another one was introduced.



Some other stamps of Guinea to consider: contributors to Paleontology science

18.03.2016 "Conrad Gessner" [O1]
Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of Guinea 2017

Notes:
[O1] Conrad Gessner was the first naturalist to write a book about fossils, named "On the fossils objects". Gesner, Conrad (1565) "De omni rerum fossilium genere, gemmis, lapidibus, metallis, et huiusmod"



Commemorative postmarks related to Paleontology: dinosaurs

Legend is here
15.12.1997 "Prehistoric animals" [FDC] [2]
Dinosaur on postmark of Guinea 1997



References:
  •   [R1] Guinea: Wikipedia WikiTravel FlagCounter
  •   [R2] Postal History and Philately of Guinea: Wikipedia
              Links to official website of Post Authority, stamp catalog and list of new stamps of Guinea are here



Acknowledgement:
Dr. Peter Voice from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, for the draft page review and his valuable comments.


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