Dinosaurs, prehistoric animals and paleontologist on stamps and postmarks of Croatia
officially the Republic of Croatia, is a sovereign state at the
crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean.
Its capital city is Zagreb, which forms one of the country's primary
subdivisions, along with its twenty counties.
Croatia covers 56,594 square kilometers and has diverse, mostly continental and
Croatia's Adriatic Sea coast contains more than a thousand islands.
The country's population is 4.28 million, most of whom are Croats,
with the most common religious denomination being Roman Catholicism.
After the World War II, Croatia became a founding member and a federal
constituent of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
a constitutionally socialist state.
On 25 June 1991 Croatia declared independence, which came wholly into effect
on 8 October of the same year.
The Croatian War of Independence was fought successfully during
the four years following the declaration.
With the resumption of independence in 1991
the Republic of Croatia again reinstated the Croatian Post.
The first new postage stamp being an airmail issued 9 September 1991 and with the first new regular
postage stamp being issued on 21 November 1991.
During 1991 both Yugoslavian and Croatian stamps were in use in the country.
Nowadays Croatia issues 40-50 stamps a year of various topic related its cultural and
natural heritages, include Paleontological
There are many stamps and postmarks that show the Krapina Neanderthal Man
[R3] and Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger
[R4] who discovered Neanderthal remains in a cave on Husnjak
hill near to Krapina town.
Krapina Neanderthals site at the Hušnjakovo locality is the first paleontological natural
monument in Croatia and is one of the most significant paleoanthropological localities worldwide.
Since September 1971 the Museum of Evolution was opened to public.
Official stamps of Croatia related to Paleontology: dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, fossils, paleontologists.
Spiridion Brusina on stamp of Croatia 1994,
MiNr.: 349, Scott: 269
The first stamp of this set, with a face-value of 1.00, depicts Spiridion Brusina
who was born in 1845 at Zadar.
Brusina studied natural history at Vienna University and soon after was appointed as the first head
of the Natural Sciences Department of the National Museum.
He established a separate Zoology section and began to organize and develop a Zoological Museum in University of Zagreb.
He also taught zoology at the University of Zagreb.
He was among the first to notice the importance of scientific research into the depths of the Adriatic and claimed the sea
was a source of life and living species.
He was founder of maritime biology in Croatia.
He was particularly interested in birds and set up the beginnings of ornithology in Croatia.
He analyzed and classified 600 fossil
He has a great merit for popularizing science in Croatia.
Natural scientists throughout Europe named in his honor about 50 species according to his name.
 First stamp of the set, with face value of 2.40, depict Gjuro Pilar
who was born in Slavonski Brod in 1846.
After completing his education at grammar school in Osijek and Zagreb he studied natural sciences in Brussels,
where he also received his doctoral degree at the age of 22.
Gjuro Pilar on stamp of Croatia 1996,
MiNr.: 394, Scott: 311a
He published numerous geological scientific papers, quite outstanding at the time,
which have, for decades, served as starting points for further fundamental and practical
research in Croatia and western Bosnia.
He was engaged in many geological disciplines: paleontology
mineralogy, petrology, coal deposits, geodynamics, hydrogeology of Karst.
He was also engaged in studies regarding mining, mining law, geodesy, astronomy, meteorology and archeology.
He also participated in the founding of the Croatian national science association, the Croatia
mountaineering association and, in 1885/6, together with some friends, he founded and registered
the first chess club in Zagreb; he also organized a "trial tournament", the first modern Croatian chess
tournament based on the model of European chess contests.
Other stamps of Croatia to consider
[A1] The Mini-Sheet "Minerals & Rocks 2020" contains two stamps:
The Hraschina Meteorite and Lithothamnium
limestone (on the right side of the Mini-Sheet).
, called “litavac” for short in Croatian, is a sedimentary rock.
This massive, porous type of limestone is mostly composed of red algae of the Lithothamnium
order that inhabited the Paratethys Sea 15 million years ago
, in Middle Miocene.
The limestone’s name is derived from the algae, in addition to which it contains the remains of
bivalves, echinoderms, bryozoans and benthic foraminifera
Apart from the remains of sea organisms, Lithothamnium
limestone contains fragments of quartz and calcite,
mica flakes and fragments of rocks from the coastal area.
limestone was formed in the shallows of the Pannonian Sea, which surrounded Medvednica and other Pannonian
Croatia mountains, which were islands at the time.
Along with Triassic dolomites, Lithothamnium
limestone forms a unique karst zone on the west side of Mount Medvednica.
Even though karst phenomena on Mount Medvednica are mostly hidden under younger Holocene deposits, many karst forms such
as caves, pits, sinkholes and karst valleys are still present in this zone.
More details are here
Post stationery of Croatia related to Paleontology: contributor to Paleontology science
|2013 "50th anniversary of death of Ivo Horvat" [PS1]
[PS1] Ivo Horvat was Croatian botanist who studied not only modern but also
prehistoric fossilized plants
, as mentioned on the
side of the cover
"In 1925 he announced his first work in phytocenology in Croatia (Plant Sociology)
entitled "About vegetation Pljesevica in Lika", which is chosen for
phytosanitary access and flow of all life evolves, reflecting his
approach, which opens new insights into the development of vegetation,
, sineological and phytoecological analysis to ecological and
vegetational mapping of vegetation in Croatia ..."
Commemorative covers of Croatia related to Paleontology: dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, fossils, paleontologists
|25.10.1991 "135th anniversary of Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger".
Issued with commemorative postmark by Philatelic Club of Virje. [Cov1]
|12.02.1994 "185th anniversary of Charles Darwin".
Issued with commemorative postmark by Philatelic Club of Virje.
|13.11.1995 "Philatelic exhibition: Prehistoric animals on stamps at Cakovec".
Issued with commemorative postmark by Philatelic Club "Zrinski" of Cakovec
|08.11.1997 "1st Intercity Philatelic exhibition at Novska".
Issued with commemorative postmark by local Philatelic Club
|15.03-31.03.1998 "Philatelic exhibition: Dinosaurus on stamps at Cakovec".
Issued with commemorative postmark by Philatelic Club "Zrinski" of Cakovec
[Cov1] The cover was made in transitional period,
shortly after Croatia earned independence from Yugoslavia, therefor it has a
mix of Yugoslavian stamps and Croatian postmark.
The first regular postage stamp of modern Croatia issued on 21 November 1991,
a month after the cover was issued.
The text is from the
inside page of the cover
Other commemorative covers of Croatia to consider: contributors to Paleontology science.
|12.10.2005 "100th anniversary of Stjepan Vukovic" [Covo1]
||23.04.2013 "50 year of death of Dr. Ivo Horvat"
Issued with commemorative postmark by City museum (Gradski muzej) of Cazma. [Ps1]
[Covo1] "Ever since his early days as a teacher, while he was still
working the villages surrounding Varazdin, Stjepan Vukovic pursued the oldest history of the region.
He traversed the backward areas, unearthed archaeological and palentological finds
collected geological pieces and fossils
, and kept records of his findings and their locations.
As early as 1938, his rich private collection became apart of museum fund which will be used as the basis for the
Prehistoric, and later the Archaeological wing of the Varazdin City Museum... "
The text is from the reverse
side of the cover
Postmarks of Croatia related to Paleontology: dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, fossils, paleontologists.
Legend is here
[PM1] Dragutin Gorjanović-Kramberger
was a Croatian geologist,
, and archaeologist, who discovered in 1899 very rich
remains in a cave on Husnjak hill near Krapina town of an
early man today known as Krapina Man.
Dragutin Kramberger shown on Croatian stamp in 1999 and several Croatian and Yugoslavian
commemorative covers and postmarks.
Entrance ticket to Krapina Neanderthal Museum
Paleontological monuments of the nature of central Croatia are the
Krapina Neanderthal site on Hušnjakovo hill, Vindija cave and Velika or Cat cave.
The remains of Neanderthals and various bone handicrafts and
fireplaces, as well as the remains of animals inhabited nearby or in the
caves of Neanderthals, are noteworthy.
In addition to the Neanderthals in the cave of Vindia, among the youngest in Europe, the remains of a
modern man were also found, meaning that a certain period of time was in coexistence with the Neanderthals.
[PM3] "The Museum of Evolution was opened to public in September 1971.
Its holdings contain geological, paleontological
and archaeological collections, while the concept of the permanent
exhibition focused on rocks and minerals of Croatian Zagorje, the
evolution of life on Earth and the evolution of man with special
emphasis on the Krapina Neanderthals.
The exhibit on the Krapina Neanderthals includes casts of their bones,
a collection of animal fossils from the same site, stone tools and documentation on their discovery.
At the time of founding, the Museum of Evolution was part of the Forest Improvement Fund of the
municipality of Krapina, and in 1971 it was transferred to the Zagreb Forestry Estate.
In 1977 the organization “Krapina Early Man’s Site” was founded, and was made part of the Centre for Culture, Arts and
Information in Krapina in 1988. Only in 1993 did the Museum become property of the Republic of Croatia.
The construction of the new Krapina Neanderthal Museum lasted 11 years, and the Museum opened its
doors to the public on February 27, 2010."
Other postmarks of Croatia to consider: contributors to Paleontology science.
|23.04.2013 "50 year of death of Dr. Ivo Horvat" [PS1] [Sp]
Many thanks to
Dr. Peter Voice
from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University,
for the draft page review and his very valuable comments.