Croatia 2012 "Museum of The Krapina Neanderthal Man (C)"

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Issue Date 07.11.2012
ID Michel: 1062-1063, Scott: 855-856, Stanley Gibbons: 1133-1134, Yvert et Tellier: 985-986, Category: An
Design Zeljko Kovacic
Stamps in set 2
Value HRK 3.10 - exposition of the museum
HRK 1.60 - exposition of the museum
Emission/Type commemorative
Places of issue Zagreb
Size (width x height) 35,5mm x 35,5mm
Layout Two Mini Sheets of 16 stamps each
Products FDC x1
Perforation 14
Print Technique Offset lithography
Printed by ZRINSKI dd Cakovec, Croatia
Quantity 300.000 each
Issuing Authority Croatian Post Inc

On November 7th 2012, Croatian Post and Telecommunications issued the set of two stamps "Museum of The Krapina Neanderthal Man" depicting two scenes from an exhibition of the museum. Each stamp was printed in separate sheets of 16 stamps.
This is the the second stamps set issued by Croatian Post regarding the museum. The first stamps set was issued in 1999 - "100th anniversary of the discovery of the early man from Krapina". This set also consisted of two stamps.
One of these stamps shows a reconstruction of a Neanderthal female person, made by Croatian artist Rudolf Laba, made on the basis of bone remnants from the cave discovered by Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger. Another stamps depicts a portrait of Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger.

The following text was written by Mr. Feda Vukic and was published by Croatian Post in 2012.

The entrance of Krapina Neanderthal Museum on the cachet of FDC of Croatia 2012
The entrance of Krapina Neanderthal Museum on the cachet of FDC of Croatia 2012.
The entrance ticket of Krapina Neanderthal Museum
The entrance ticket of Krapina Neanderthal Museum (2013).

Since its opening, the Museum of the Krapina Neanderthal Man has not ceased attracting an exceptional attention - from field experts equally as from the wide public; already a mere number of over 100 thousand visitors in the first year of its existence suggests the possible conclusion that the conceptual and investment project has fulfilled its scope.
Museology practice, i.e. the intention of collecting, preserving and presentation of the remainders of natural and cultural heritage can be performed on different interest levels and from different interpretational aspects that are subject to change in accordance with changes in social, ideological, aesthetic and even economic domain.
Each museum enterprise or more precisely said, the act of musealisation has the goal to archive but also to present and as such is an expression of a particular standard of approach to material and non-material heritage, but also - through its interpretational aspect it is a public act, and thus also a reflection of particular contextual facts, whereby the exhibits are just the "objects of cognition".
What does the Museum of the Krapina Neanderthal Man tell us about the context, apart from, for sure, stimulating the cognition about the natural origin of human species? If we want to look for an answer to this question, it should be said that the context in the discussion that follows certainly won't be reduced only to local one.
Although Jakov Radovcic and Zeljko Kovacic (the authors of the concept and entire communication project of the Museum) make part of modern Croatian culture, here we won't dwell upon deducing particularity from the local context reflected in the museum project, since that would, presently, be an almost impossible mission and such evaluation should be left for some future time, when the distance in time has done its work.
The purpose of this text is - first of all - to suggest some global, cultural, given factors that in intellectual sense could figure as the context of emergence of this undoubtedly extraordinary project. Intellectual attitude and cognition as one level of theorising about musealisation will be the tool for establishing the possibility for evaluation of an interdisciplinary, scientific and artistic project by which the anthropologic and cultural findings of the Neanderthal men have been transformed into a simple and unique history lesson.
In simple words, the theme of the Museum is evolution - shown through global contextualisation of a local finding.

Old town of Karpina
Old town of Karpina on stamp of Croatia 1993, MiNr. 223, Scott: 146A.

In Krapina, this evolution has experienced a communications revolution as a new contribution to interpretation. If Gorjanovic Kramberger could have ever thought that one day in far future two enthusiasts would offer such a stratified interpretation of his findings in Hunjakovo, the least he probably would have been able to express would be disbelief.

At that time in the 19th century when the museums - and especially Natural History Museums - were mostly the rooms of wonders - a kind of visual fascination rather than a scientific laboratory, no one could have dreamed about the multimedia communication level and multimedia interpretation.
Actually, the standards of musealisation were dramatically distinct from those today. It was not due only to the development of media, but maybe - first of all, to the general philosophical attitude towards the past, to which just the industrial modernisation gave an important contribution in understanding the century that contained the most history than any other so far.
Hence, the fact that in Kramberger time such a presentation was not possible, is not merely technologic, but primarily intellectual matter, since only in modern times - recently also marked as post modernism, it has become legitimate for the museum to constitute itself as a public educational medium, and thus even the Neanderthal man - put in interpretational context - has something to say to his modern viewer.

Products and associated philatelic items

FDC (official) FDC of philatelic club of Krapina
Homo neanderthalers on FDC of Croatia 1999 Homo neanderthalers on FDC of Croatia 1999 Homo neanderthalers on FDC of Croatia 1999
Stamp Sheets First-Day-of-Issue Postmark Krapina's Neanderthal on stamps of Croatia (PDF)
Homo neanderthalers on FDC of Croatia 1999 Flint tool on postmark of Croatia 2012 Homo neanderthalers on FDC of Croatia 1999 on Facebook - Welcome to join !
  • Technical details and short description of the stamps:
    Croatian Post (English text is short, Croatian text is more detailed), Colnect,

Many thanks to Dr. Peter Voice, PhD Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, USA, for review draft page of the article.

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