The United States of America (USA)

Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, fossils, Thomas Jefferson "the Father of American paleontology" on stamps, postmarks and postal stationeries of USA

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The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States, US, USA or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions. The 48 contiguous states and Washington, D.C., are in central North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwestern part of North America, bordering western Canada. The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific. The territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. [R1]

USA as well as Canada is a country with many locations where fossils are found. Many dinosaur bones are found here including species that are commonly shown on stamps from around the world. These include Tyrannosaurus Rex, Triceratops, Brachiosaurus, Diplodocus, etc.

The first stamp issue of the U.S. was offered for sale on July 1, 1847, in New York City, with Boston receiving stamps the following day and other cities thereafter. They consisted of an engraved 5-cent red brown stamp depicting Benjamin Franklin (the first postmaster of the U.S.), and a 10-cent value in black with George Washington. Like all U.S. stamps until 1857, they were imperforate. [R2]
Between 1851 and 1857 USA issued a set of 6 definitive stamps with portraits of Benjamin Franklin, George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, who is known not only as the 3rd US President, but also often called the "Father of American Paleontology".
The stamp (Scott 12) of Thomas Jefferson issued on March 3rd1856 is the first Paleontology related stamp ever. [J1]

Unlike most countries, the USPS (Postal Authority for the USA) does not produce illustrated covers (or special cachets) for the FDC (though there are a few recent exceptions – including a cover for the T-Rex 2020 issue).
Until very recent time, the first day postmark, often, was a combination of a regular, round postmark with the day of the stamp(s) issue and another postmark attached to it on the right side with "FIRST DAY OF ISSUE" text in between one or two horizontal lines (see example below).
In the last few years, USPS start to produce some commemorative postmarks, sometimes even colorful digital postmarks, which are not available for mail-use, but may be purchased as a col­lectible piece, for their FDC covers.
sExample of USPS's FDC from 2019 Example of USPS's FDC from 2019 Example of USPS's FDC from 1938
USPS official FDC colorful digital postmark for Tyrannosaurus rex stamps from 2019. USPS official FDC with black postmark for Tyrannosaurus rex stamps from 2019. Some examples of old FDC with and without personalized cachet.

There are many philatelic clubs around USA, as well as some dealers, who produce their own illustrated FDC with very nice cachets for FDC collectors. Almost all American FDC with cachets are privately produced, personalized covers.



Official stamps of USA related to Paleontology: reconstructions and fossils of dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, fossils

Reconstructions and fossils of dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps of USA

15.01.1955 "150th Anniversary of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts" [1] 13.06.1970 "Centenary of American Natural History Museum" 13.06.1974 "Mineral Heritage"
Charles Willson Peale ans skeleton of a mastodon Mammut americanus on stamp of USA 1955 Dinosaurs on stamps of USA 1970 Petrified wood and some minerals on stamps of USA 1974
01.10.1989 "Prehistoric animals" [2] 08.06.1996 "Prehistoric animals" 01.05.1997 "The World of Dinosaurs"
Dinosaurs and other Prehistoric animals on stamps of USA 1989 Prehistoric animals on stamps of USA 1996 Dinosaurs and other Prehistoric animals on stamps of USA 1997
29.08.2019 "Tyrannosaurus rex "
Tyrannosaurus rex on stamps of USA 2019

Notes:
[1] First stamp shows the famous painter and fossil collector Mr. Charles Wilson Peale ( 1741-1827, USA).
First stamp with a bones and skeleton of prehistoric animal Mastodon bone on The Artist in His Museum picture Mastodon bone on stamp of USA 1955 The Artist in His Museum On the background to the right you will find portions of a skeleton of a Mastodon (Mammut americanus) including a thigh bone and the lower jaw bone. These bones found their way via London to Darmstadt in Germany and are still on exhibit at the Hessisches Landesmuseum.

The stamp was issued in conjunction with the sesquicentennial celebration of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. and is reproduction of " The Artist in His Museum" painted in 1822.

Many of the museum’s exhibits were collected by Peale, and he includes some of them in his painting. The stamp features several, like a wild turkey ready to be preserved as well as a great a Mastodon's bones, in honor of one of Peale's greatest reconstruction of a Mastodon’s skeleton.

Stamposaurus in the selvage on the margin of prehistoric animal stamps of USA 1989 [2] Stylized Stegosaurus with upright plates in form of postage stamps, called “Stamposaurus” is in the selvage on the margin of the stamps sheets.
“Stamposaurus” also can be seen on commemorative postmark that attached to regular "FIRST DAY OF ISSUE" mark as well as on the postmark of Brisbin anniversary Station, dated October 2nd 1989 (second day of the stamps issue).


Thomas Jefferson on stamps of USA

Thomas Jefferson who was not only the 3rd American President (1801-1809), but also a central player in the beginnings of American paleontology.

Read more here
Note:
  • Stamp issue date of some old USA stamps are different in MICHEL and Scott catalogs. In this case, the Scott Catalog dates are used in the table below.
  • Only stamps of Thomas Jefferson on a neutral background are listed below. Other stamps, such as "Civil War" or "Declaration of Independence" are skipped as irrelevant to the topic of Paleontology.

14.031856 "Thomas Jefferson" [J1] 1857 "Thomas Jefferson" [J2] 19.08.1861 "Thomas Jefferson" [J3]
Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1857 Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1857 Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1861
Confederate States, issued during civil war [J4]
08.11.1861 definitive issue 1 25.07.1862 definitive issue 2 1862 reprint
Thomas Jefferson on Confiderates States stamps from 1861-1862 Thomas Jefferson on Confiderates States stamps from 1861-1862 Thomas Jefferson on Confiderates States stamps from 1861-1862
13.03.1870 "Presidents" [J5] 22.02.1890 "Presidents and other famous personalities", part of multi-year (1890-1893) definitive set 01.01.1894 "Presidents and other famous personalities" [J6]
Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1870 Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1890 Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1894
23.03.1903 "Presidents and other famous personalities", part of multi-year (1902-1908) definitive set 21.04.1904 "Louisiana Purchase Exposition" [J7] 15.01.1923 "Personalities and Landscapes" [J8]
Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1903 Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1904 Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1921
01.05.1929 "Personalities and Landscapes" [J8] 16.06.1938 "Presidents of USA" [J9] 15.09.1954 "Liberty issue"[J10]
Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1921 Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1938 Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1954
12.01.1968 "Famous Americans" [J11] 22.05.1986 "AMERIPEX'86, International Stamp Show - Presidents of the United States" [J12] 03.04.1993 "Great Americans", part of big multi-year (1986-1994) definitive set
Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1968 Thomas Jefferson among other Presidents of the United States on stamp of USA 1986 Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1993

Notes:
Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) is rightfully renowned as the principal author of the Declaration of Independence, the Third President of the United States, and a champion of Liberty.
Georges-Louis Leclerc Comte de Buffon, on stamp of France 1949
Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1856
Georges-Louis Leclerc Comte de Buffon, on stamp of France 1949
Georges-Louis Leclerc Comte de Buffon, on stamp of France 1949
But he was also a central player in the beginnings of American paleontology.
Jefferson was one of the main opponents of Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon. Buffon was one of the most famous naturalists of the time. He compared the animals of the Old World (Europe, Asia and Africa) to similar animals in the New World (the Americas) – and suggested that the New World animals were smaller. He declared these animals degenerate and inferior to the life forms of Europe.

Buffon believed, that nature is less active, less energetic on one side of the globe than she is on the other.
Jefferson started to collect bones and skins of large American animals to disprove Buffon’s theory. He was interested not only in known animals but also in fossils. He was very interested in "Mammoth" bones, later assigned to American Mastodon species.
At the end, he convinced Buffon that the American fauna was not degenerate, after sending Buffon several skeletons and skins of large American animals like the Moose.

In 1797 Thomas Jefferson, when he was the 2nd Vice President of the United States, was elected to president of American Philosophical Society at Philadelphia. On March 1797 he read his only paleontological article "A Memorial of the Discovery of certain Bones of a Quadruped of the Clawed Kind in the Western Part of Virginia" In this article Jefferson describe some fossil bones sent to him by Colonel John Stuart in 1796. In this article he theorized that the bones represented the remains of a lion and compared them to the bones of a modern African lion. He named this animal Megalonyx - "giant claw".
This presentation to the American Philosophical Society is often credited as the beginning of vertebrate paleontology in North America.
In 1799, Dr. Caspar Wistar correctly identified the remains as those of a giant ground sloth. In 1822, Wistar proposed naming the species Megalonyx jeffersonii in honor of the former statesman. [R3]

Thomas Jefferson's stamp in multi-year definitive set of 5 stamps, USA 1851-1856

Multi-year definitive set dedicated to American statesmans, issued between 1851 and 1856.
Two stamps on the top shows Benjamin Franklin, issued on July 1st 1851. Stamp in the middle shows Thomas Jefferson (the fisrt stamp of Thomas Jefferson ever), issued on March 24th 1856. Two stamps on the bottom shows George Washington. The green stamp issued on July 1st 1851. The black stamp issued on May 10th 1855.

[J1] The stamp (Scott 12) of Thomas Jefferson issued in 1856 is the first Paleontology related stamp ever.
This imperforated stamp is a part of multi-year definitive set of 5 stamps dedicated to American presidents, issued between June 1st 1851 and March 24th 1856.

[J2] This stamp, a perforate version of the imperforate 5¢ Jefferson stamp of the Series of 1851-57, is reprinted some years after and can be recognized by different color.
  • 06.10.1858 (Scott 27) - perforation: 15.5x,15.5 color: brick-red
  • 08.08.1857 (Scott 28) - perforation: 15.5x15.5, color: red-brown. Type I.
  • 31.03.1858 (Scott 28A) - perforation: 15.5x15.5, color: indian-red. Type I.
  • 04.04.1859 (Scott 29) - perforation: 15.5x15.5, color: brown. Type I.
Stamps with Scott Nr. 27, 28, and 28A differ only in shade of red color.
  • 04.05.1860 (Scott 30A) - perforation: 15.5x15.5, color: brown. Type II
  • 08.05.1861 (Scott 30) - perforation: 15.5x15.5, color: orange-brown. Type II
The opening shots of the American Civil War were fired on April 1, 1861. All U.S. stamps then in print were demonetized (declared no longer valid for postage) so they couldn’t be used by the Confederates States. A reasonable amount of time was granted after the hostilities broke out for Unionists to exchange the old stamps for a new series that was quickly printed and released in August, 1861. U.S. #30 was issued during that brief interval and used for a short period of time before it was demonetized. Because of the short period of usage, many stamps were found unused in the South following the war. That’s why U.S. #30 is more valuable in postally used condition."
mysticstamp

The following stamp issued for the 1876 Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia, it is a reprint of the 5¢ stamp from the series of 1857-61. However, because it was issued for collectors and not postal use, it was issued in much smaller quantities.
mysticstamp
  •         1875 (Scott 42) - perforation: 12x12, color: orange-brown


[J3] This stamp was reprinted several times between 1861 and 1875. Different prints can be recognized on the basis of their color and or grill.
  • 19.08.1861 (Scott 67) - perforation: 12x12, color: buff (light brownish yellow )
  • 02.01.1862 (Scott 75) - perforation: 12x12, color: red-brown
  • 03.02.1863 (Scott 76) - perforation: 12x12, color: brown
  •        1867 (Scott 80) - perforation: 12x12, color: brown. "A" grill.
  •        1875 (Scott 95) - perforation: 12x12, color: orange-brown
G grill on a stamp of the 1869 issue
G grill on a stamp of the 1869 issue. The image is from Wikipedia
A grill on a postage stamp is an embossed pattern of small indentations intended to discourage postage stamp reuse.

In the late 1800s, officials were worried that people were “recycling” stamps by washing the cancels away and using them again. So they gambled on an experiment – a grilling machine invented by Charles F. Steel. From 1867-75, Steel’s machine used a roller pitted with either small depressions or small raised pyramids to break fibers in stamp paper. The rollers with depressions created a “points up” pattern while those with raised pyramids made a “points down” pattern.
These broken fibers allowed cancellation ink to thoroughly penetrate the paper. This meant even regular pen ink, which was used to cancel stamps at smaller post offices, would be impossible to remove completely. The experiment was short-lived, ending in 1875.

mysticstamp

"A" type is the first experimental grill type, with the grill covering the entire back of the stamp.
According to Scott stamps catalog, "A" type grill was made by a roller covered with ridges shaped like an inverted V. Pressing the ridges into the stamp paper forced the paper into the pyramidal pits between the ridges, causing irregular breaks in the paper.

[J4] The Confederate States of America (CSA), commonly referred to as the Confederate States (C.S. or CS) or the Confederacy, was an unrecognized breakaway state that fought against the United States during the American Civil War, existed from 1861 to 1865
In 1865, after four years of heavy fighting and 620,000–850,000 military deaths, all Confederate land and naval forces either surrendered or otherwise ceased hostilities. The war lacked a formal end, with Confederate forces surrendering or disbanding sporadically throughout most of 1865.
Wikipedia
After the Civil War broke out, the U.S. declared all of its stamps invalid, so the South was forced to supply its own stamps. However, the South didn’t have proper printing facilities. That’s why early Confederate stamps (including stamps of Thomas Jefferson) were printed by stone lithography.

Stone lithography involves the use of a grease-based medium on a stone surface. When ink is applied, the natural reaction between grease and water creates the printing pattern. It is a fairly primitive way to produce stamps.

mysticstamp

The first postage stamp issued by the Confederate States (1861) was a 5¢ green depicting Jefferson Davis. Like almost all Confederate issues, these stamps were imperforate, and single stamps had to be cut from the sheet with razors or scissors.

A 10¢ blue with Thomas Jefferson also appeared in 1861, designed by Charles Ludwig of Hoyer & Ludwig, Richmond, Virginia. This issue was printed by two different companies: Hoyer & Ludwig and later, J. T. Paterson & Co. of Augusta, Georgia.
The image of Thomas Jefferson used on both printings lithographically reproduced the same image that had been engraved on the U.S. 5-cent issue of 1856. Secret marks were added by the Paterson firm to the transfer stones to distinguish its version from the Hoyer & Ludwig prints of the same design. The most typical use was for the ten-cent rate after July 1, 1862.
The stamp from 1861 exists in 5 variations (MICHEL catalog includes 3 variation only), all without gum. The earliest printings were made by Hoyer & Ludwig, the later ones by J. T. Paterson & Co.:
  • light blue color, - Scott Nr. CSA2a.
  • dark blue color, printed Hoyer & Ludwig - Scott Nr. CSA2b. Issue date according to MICHEL: 08.11.1861
  • indigo (deep/reach blue) color - Scott Nr. CSA2c. Issue date according to MICHEL: 25.07.1862
  • blue color, printed on both sides - Scott Nr. CSA2d. I
  • greenish blue color, printed Paterson & Co - Scott Nr. CSA2e.
This stamp, was reprinted in 1862 (does not exist in MICHEL catalog), in a rose-colored version that is considerably rarer than the blue original and existin two color variations
  • rose color - Scott Nr. CSA5
  • carmine (imperial red) color- Scott Nr. CSA5a


[J5] This stamp is part of multi-year definitive (1870-1871) set.
This stamp is reprinted some years after and can be recognized by different color
  •   .04.1870 (Scott 139) - perforation: 12x12, color: brown, printed by National Bank Note Company
  • 14.05.1870 (Scott 150) - perforation: 12x12, color: brown, printed by National Bank Note Company
  • 02.08.1873 (Scott 161) - perforation: 12x12, color: brown, printed by Continental Bank Note Company
  • 05.09.1879 (Scott 187) - perforation: 12x12, color: brown, printed by American Bank Note Company
  • 05.10.1878 (Scott 188) - perforation: 12x12, color: brown, printed by American Bank Note Company
  • 04.05.1882 (Scott 209) - perforation: 12x12, color: brown, printed by American Bank Note Company
  •     1882 (Scott 209b) - perforation: 12x12, color: black-brown, printed by American Bank Note Company


[J6] This stamp is part of multi-year definitive (1890-1893) set.
This stamp is reprinted some years after and can be recognized by different color
  • 01.11.1894 (Scott 260) - perforation: 12x12, color: orange, printed by Bureau of Engraving and Printing, without watermark
  • 09.11.1895 (Scott 275) - perforation: 12x12, color: orange, printed by Bureau of Engraving and Printing, with Double line USPS watermark


Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1904 [J7] There are many definitive stamps of Thomas Jefferson issued by the United States Postal Service, but only a few commemorative stamps.
The first commemorative stamp of Jefferson issued as part of Louisiana Purchase Exposition Issue of 1904

[J8] This stamp is part of multi-year (1922-1934) definitive set. The same design issued with different perforations and color variation.
  • 15.01.1923 (Scott 561) - perforation: 11x11, color: rose
  • 29.05.1926 (Scott 590) - perforation: 10x10, color: rose
  • 17.05.1927 (Scott 678) - perforation: 11x10.5, color: light rose, with overprint "Nebr."

[J9] This stamp is part of multi-year (1938-1954) definitive set. The same design issued with different perforations and print techniques.
  • 16.06.1938 (Scott 807) - perforation: 11x10.5, color: deep violet
  • 16.06.1938 (Scott 807a) - perforation: 11x10.5, color: deep violet, booklet pane of 6
  • 16.06.1938 (Scott 807b) - perforation: 11x10.5, color: deep violet, horizontal pair imperforated
  • 16.06.1938 (Scott 807c) - perforation: 11x10.5, color: deep violet, imperforated pair
  • 16.06.1938 (Scott 807)d - perforation: 11x10.5, color: deep violet, vertical pair imperforated
  • 20.01.1939 (Scott 842) - perforation: 10x10, color: deep violet, coils stamps with horizontal perforation
  • 20.01.1939 (Scott 851) - perforation: 10x10, color: deep violet, coils stamps with vertical perforation

[J10] This stamp is part of multi-year (1954-1973) definitive set. The same design issued with different perforations and print techniques.
  • 15.09.1954 (Scott 1033) - perforation: 11x10.5, color: carmine rose
  • 22.10.1954 (Scott 1055) - perforation: coil stamps, 10x10 when top and bottom sides are imperforated, color: carmine rose

Scott 1278 variations, Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1968 [J11] This stamp is part of multi-year (1965-1978) definitive set. The same design issued with different perforations and print techniques.
  • 12.01.1968 (Scott 1278) - perforation: 11x10.5, color: green
  • 12.01.1968 (Scott 1278a) - perforation: 11x10.5, color: green, booklet pane of 8
  • 12.01.1968 (Scott 1278b) - perforation: 11x10.5, color: green, booklet pane of 4 with 2 labels on top
  • 12.01.1968 (Scott 1278c) - perforation: 11x10.5, color: green, utagged (bureau precanceled)
  • 12.01.1968 (Scott 1299) - perforation: 10x10, color: green, coil stamps, top and bottom sides imperforate,
  • 12.01.1968 (Scott 1299a) - perforation: 10x10, color: green, coil stamps, top and bottom sides imperforate, bureau precanceled
  • 12.01.1968 (Scott 1299b) - imperforated pairs of coil stamps (error), color: green

[J12] Thomas Jefferson depicted on one of the stamps on a Mini-Sheet with blue stamps.

Some other stamps related to Thomas Jefferson.

Mount Rushmore National Memorial [JO1]
11.08.1952 "25th anniversary of the dedication of the Mount Rushmore National Memorial" 02.01.1974 "Mount Rushmore" (airmail) 29.03.1991 "Flag over Mount Rushmore National Memorial" (coil stamp)
Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1952 Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1974 Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1991
06.06.2008 "American landmarks" (Priority and Express Mail)
Thomas Jefferson in Mount Rushmore National Memorial on stamp of USA 2008
Jefferson memorial [JO2]
05.10.1966 "Beautification of America" (part of "Plant for a more beautiful America” campaign, initialized by President Lyndon B. Johnson and his wife.) 14.12.1973 "Jefferson memorial and Signature"
(available with various perforation combinatons. Scott 1510a-f)
30.06.2002 "Jefferson memorial and Capitol Dome" (Priority and Express Mail, self adhesive stamps)
Thomas Jefferson's monument on stamp of USA 1966 Thomas Jefferson's monument on stamp of USA 1973 Thomas Jefferson's monument on stamp of USA 2002
Virginia’s Rotunda [JO3]
04.06.1979 "American Architecture"
Virginia’s Rotunda designed by Thomas Jefferson on stamp of USA 1979

Notes:

[JO1] Mount Rushmore National Memorial is a sculpture carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore, a granite batholith in the Black Hills in Keystone, South Dakota, United States. [R3a]
Sculpted by Danish-American Gutzon Borglum and his son, Lincoln Borglum, Mount Rushmore features 60-foot (18 m) sculptures of the heads of four United States presidents:

  • George Washington (1732–1799)
  • Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), the second from the left
  • Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919)
  • Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865)

[JO2] The Thomas Jefferson Memorial is a presidential memorial in Washington, D.C., dedicated to Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), built in Washington, D.C. between 1939 and 1943 under the sponsorship of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The bronze statue of Jefferson was added in 1947. [R3b]

[JO3] Designed by the University’s founder, Thomas Jefferson, the Rotunda is the centerpiece of the Academical Village.
Modeled after the Pantheon in Rome, it was designed to house the library and be flanked on either side by faculty pavilions, interspersed with student rooms.
The University was established in 1819. Jefferson presented his plans for the Rotunda to the Board of Visitors in 1821, and it was still under construction, plagued by delays and problems, when Jefferson died in 1826. [R3c]




Other stamps of USA to consider: fossil found places, Natural History Museums etc.


U N D E R     C O N S T R U C T I O N 

Fossil found places: National Parks
10.08.1935 "National Parks" [A1a] [A1b] 01.03.1972 "100th anniversary of Yellowstone National Park" [A1b] 12.10.1990 "Pre-Columbian America: the Grand Canyon (500 years ago)" [A1a]
National Parks on stamp of USA 1935 Yellowstone National Park on stamp of USA 1972 The Grand Canyon on stamp of USA 1990
04.01.1996 "Centennial Utah Statehood National Park" [A1f] 03.02.1998 "Celebrate the Century: Years 1910-1919" [A1a] 20.01.2000 "Scenic American Landscapes: the Grand Canyon" [A1a]
Landmark of Arches National Park on stamp of USA 1996 The Grand Canyon on stamp of USA 1998 The Grand Canyon on stamp of USA 2000
24.02.2006 "Scenic American Landscapes" [A1h] [A1g] 14.08.2008 "Albert Bierstadt, American Treasures Series" [A1g] 16.01.2009 "Sightseeing" [A1b]
Landscapes of Bryce Canyon National Park  and Yosemite National Park on stamp of USA 2006 Landscape of Yosemite National Park on stamp of USA 2008 The Grand Canyon on stamp of USA 2012
28.06.2009 "Scenic American Landscapes" [A1i] 19.01.2012 "Scenic American Landscapes: Glacier National Park" [A1j] 21.08.2014 "American treasures, Hudson River School Paintings" [A1a]
Zion National Park stamps of USA 2009 Glacier National Park stamps of USA 2012 The Grand Canyon  stamps of USA 2014
02.06.2016 "National Parks" [A1a] [A1e] 2019 "Joshua Tree National Park" [A1c] 2020 "Big Bend National Park" [A1d]
Fossil found place on National Parks stamps of USA 2016 The Joshua Tree National Park on stamp of USA 2019 Big Bend National Park on stamp of USA 2020
National History Museums: Smithsonian Institution [A2]
10.08.1946 "100 anniversary of Smithsonian Institution" 09.10.1980 "American Architecture" 07.02.1996 "Smithsonian Institute"
Smithsonian Institution on stamp of USA 1946 Smithsonian Institution on stamp of USA 1980 Smithsonian Institution on stamp of USA 1996
Miscellaneous
29.04.1982 "Knoxville World’s Fair" 02.05.2000 "America in XX Century: Years 1990-1999" [A3] 19.01.2012 "Aloha Shirt" [A4]
Plant fossil on stamp of USA 1982 Tyrannosaurus rex figure from Jurassic Park film on stamp of USA 2000 Fossils on Aloha shirt on stamp of USA 2012

Notes:
[A1] Many of USA's National Parks are also great fossil found places.
  • [A1a] The Grand Canyon, Zion and Bryce Canyon National Parks are all close to together in northern Arizona and southern Utah and include one of the best accessible sequences of rock on the planet covering a huge span of geologic time.
    The Grand Canyon on stamp of USA
    The Grand Canyon on stamp of USA 1935, 1998
    At the Grand Canyon Precambrian and Paleozoic rocks can be found. The youngest rock at Grand Canyon (the Kaibab Limestone – a Permian age unit) is the oldest rock at Zion National Park. Zion covers from the Permian to the Lower Cretaceous Dakota Sandstone. The Dakota Sandstone is the oldest unit at Bryce Canyon – which completes the Mesozoic and above that the Lower Cenozoic.
    In the 1880s, many large dinosaur skeletons were excavated from southern Utah in regions north of the Grand Staircase. (The Grand Staircase is an immense sequence of sedimentary rock layers that stretch south from Bryce Canyon National Park and Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, through Zion National Park, and into the Grand Canyon National Park.)
    Following these discoveries there was little interest in further exploration. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries there has been greatly renewed interests in the strata of the Grand Staircase, particularly since the exposure and collection of new fossils in previously unexplored strata has a high probability of revealing fossil remnants of hitherto unseen species – a matter of substantial importance to young paleontological researchers wishing to advance in their profession. [R5]
    Landscapes of the Grand Canyon shown on the following stamps
  • [A1b] Yellowstone National Park
    The Yellowstone National Parkon stamp of USA 1935 and 1972
    The Yellowstone National Park on stamp of USA 1935 and 1972
    is an American national park located in the western United States, largely in the northwest corner of Wyoming and extending into Montana, and Idaho.
    It was established by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872. Yellowstone was the first national park in the U.S. and is also widely held to be the first national park in the world.

    Yellowstone National Park has one of the world's largest petrified forests, trees which were long ago buried by ash and soil and transformed from wood to mineral materials. This ash and other volcanic debris are believed to have come from the park area itself as the central part of Yellowstone is the massive caldera of a supervolcano.
    In the Yellowstone National Park, most of the trees were entombed in the upright position in which they grew, by the outpouring of various volcanic materials, and as the softer rock surrounding them is gradually worn away they are left standing erect on the steep hillsides, just as they stood when they were living; in fact, it is difficult at a little distance to distinguish some of these fossil trunks from the lichen-covered stumps of kindred living species. Such an aggregation of fossil trunks is therefore well entitled to be called a true fossil forest. [R6]
    Landscapes of the Yellowstone National Park shown on the following stamps:
       2009 - one of two stamps shows Old Faithful, a cone geyser located in Yellowstone National Park

  • [A1c] The Joshua Tree National Park
    A lot of Pleistocene fossil mammals have been found in the park.
  • [A1d] Big Bend National Park
    Fossils of some dinosaurs have been found in the park.
  • [A1e] Carlsbad Caverns National Park
    The stamp image is a photograph by Richard McGuire of the interior of the caverns. High ancient sea ledges, deep rocky canyons, flowering cacti and desert wildlife are all treasures above and below the Chihuahuan Desert ground. Carlsbad Cavern is one of more than 300 limestone caves in a fossil reef laid down by an inland sea 240 million to 280 million years ago. Carlsbad Caverns National Park fossil-found place on stamp of USA 2016
    The rocks and fossils of Carlsbad Caverns National Park tell a story of the area during the Permian Period (286 – 230 million years before present) when the landscape was dramatically different from what we see today. Carlsbad Caverns National Park contains some of the world’s best examples of marine fossils from the Permian period of earth’s history. The Permian period of geologic history began without a great deal of environmental change from the preceding Carboniferous period. The Carboniferous/Permian rock boundary is marked only by the appearance in the fossil record of a new genus of single - celled fusulinids and a new plant genus. In general, the land and marine life from the late Carboniferous to the early Permian periods were quite similar. However, by the end of the Permian period, the earth had experienced monumental changes in its geography, climate, and terrestrial and ocean life. [R4]
  • [A1f] Arches National Park
  • [A1g] Yosemite National Park
  • [A1h] Bryce Canyon National Park
  • [A1i] Zion National Park
  • [A1j] Glacier National Park
[A2] Smithsonian Institution has a very large Paleobiology Department. The building of the Institution is depicted on several stamps:
  • 1946 single stamp dedicated to 100th anniversary of the Smithsonian Institution
  • 1980 part of set of 4 stamps of "American Architecture", shows famous American buildings. Smithsonian Institution is on the first stamp in the first row
  • 1996 single stamp dedicated to 150th anniversary of the Smithsonian Institution
Carlsbad Caverns National Park fossil-found place on stamp of USA 2016 [A3] The dinosaur stamp on the 1990’s sheet shows the character of Tyrannosaurus rex from the Jurassic Park film.
Jurassic Park is a 1993 American science fiction adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg based on the book of the same name by Michael Crichton. It is the first installment in the Jurassic Park franchise. The film is set on the fictional island of Isla Nublar, located off Central America's Pacific Coast near Costa Rica. Fossils Aloha tshirt stamp of USA 2000 There, wealthy businessman John Hammond and a team of genetic scientists have created a wildlife park of genetically recreated dinosaurs.

[A4] Some fossils are depicting on an Aloha Shirt on the middle stamp of the stripe. Self adhesive coil of 5 designs. Issued in a booklet of 10.



Postal stationery of USA related to Paleontology: fossils, dinosaurs, Thomas Jefferson

1922 "Torrance Lime & Fertiliser Company" [PS1]
Prehistoric animals on postal stationery of USA 1922
There are many postal stationeries with portraits and profiles of Thomas Jefferson issued in USA in the second half of 1800s and beginning of 1900s
Thomas Jefferson  on postal stationeroes of USA

Notes:
[PS1] This is, very likely, the very first philatelic item related to Paleontology.
2c prepaid envelope from the USA, produced by the Torrance Lime & Fertiliser Company, from Lomita city in California, which shows some prehistoric animals and Neandertaler. The image on the cover based on several earlier illustrations and reconstructions:
Neanderthal of Chicago's Field Museum diorama prehistoric animals on illustration of History of Land Mammals in the Western Hemisphere book of Robert BERRYMAN Scoot
Neanderthals man as imagined in Chicago's Field Museum diorama circa 1920.

Drawing by Robert Bruce HORSFALL for “A History of Land Mammals in the Western Hemisphere“, by Robert BERRYMAN Scoot, 1913, shows a saber-toothed cat (Smilodon californicus) and a dire wolf (Canis dirus) fighting over a Columbian mammoth (Mammuthus columbi) carcass in the La Brea Tar Pits.

The La Brea tar pits is very famous because of the huge range of fossils, especially of predators like Smilodon.
By the way, Sabre tooth cat (Smilodon) is the heraldic animal of California and it designated as the official state fossil in 1973.
Smilodon is one of the four mammal species honored on American stamps in 1996.
dinosaur on postal stationery of Torrance Lime & Fertiliser Company shell on logo of Torrance Lime & Fertiliser Company There is also a quadrupedal dinosaur in the background, who lived much earlier as Smilodon and Neanderthal, and some marine shells on the foreground and as also part of the logo of the company.
The company used fossils of prehistoric animals to make their fertilizer. [A fertilizer is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.]
Very strange use of fossils in today's European point of view. However, Americans still mine of phosphorite in the southeastern U.S. Phosphorites are ancient bonebeds - in the case of the southeastern US, marine bonebeds with shark, fish and whale bones making up part of the rock. Later during lithification, additional apatite (calcium phosphate) is precipitated as cement around the bones fusing them into rock.

Ads of Torrance Lime & Fertiliser Company

P.S. Many thanks to fellow collectors Peter Brandhuber from Germany and John Noad from Canada for their help finding information about the post stationery and some scans from their collections.



Commemorative postmarks and meter frankings of USA related to Paleontology: fossils, dinosaurs

Legend is here
1939[DU] "History of Glass" [PM] 1956[DU] "Adventure exhibition in the American Museum of Natural History" [Sp] 13.04.1973 "Thomas Jefferson, Presidential Birthplace Station" [Sp]
Prehistoric human on meter farnking of USA 1939 Prehistoric human and horse on meter farnking of USA 1956 Thomas Jefferson on postmark of USA 1973
18.02.1978 "ALAPEX'78" [Sp] 18.05.1986 "International Museum Day" [Sp]
10.10.1986 "Greater Detroit Gem and Mineral Show" [Sp]
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Trilobite on postmark of USA 1978 Triceratops dinosaur on postmark of USA 1986 Pteranodon on postmark of USA 1986
12.07.1978 "Dinosaur Station Albuquerque, New Mexico" [Sp]
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29.07.1988 "Centennial station, Clayton, New Mexico" [Sp]
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Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1987 Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1988
1989
14.04.1989 "Maps Expo XI STA - The Year of the Mammal" [Sp]
22.07.1989 "Dinosaur Capital of the World" [Sp]
24.07.1989 "Centennial of Dinosaur Park Station in South Dakota" [Sp]
-
Fossil of prehistoric mammmal on postmark of USA 1989 T-Rex dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1989
02.10.1989 "Dinosaur Safari Station, Lansing, MI." [Sp]
-
02.10.1989 "Dinosaurs Vanished Texas" [Sp]
-
02.10.1989 "Dinosaur station, Children Museum, Omaha, NE" [Sp]
-
Dinosaur's bones on postmark of USA 1989 T-Rex dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 T-Rex dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1989
02-06.10.1989 "National Stamp Collecting Month, Dinosaur station, Mobile AL" [Sp]
-
02.10.1989 "Dinotrek Station, Baton Rouge, LA" [Sp]
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1989[DU] "National Stamp Collecting Month, New Orleans, LA" [Sp]
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Sauropod dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Sauropod on postmark of USA 1989 Brontosaurus dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1989
02.10.1989 "Brontosaurus Station" [Sp]
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02.10.1989 "Dinosaur Garden Station - Dinosaurland,Vernal, Utah" [Sp]
-
02.10.1989 "Dinosaur station, Milwaukee WL" [Sp]
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Brontosaurus dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1989 Stegosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Stegosaurus on postmark of USA 1989
02.10.1989 "National Stamp Collecting Month, Glens Falls, NY" [Sp]
-
02.10.1989 "Dinosaur Station, second day of issue, Lubbock, TX" [Sp]
-
02.10.1989 "Dinosaur Station, second day of issue, Oklahoma City, OK" [Sp]
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Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Stegosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Stegosaurus on postmark of USA 1989
02.10.1989 "Dinosaur Station, Grand Junction, CO" [Sp]
-
02.10.1989 "Quetzalcoatus Station, Crossroads Plaza, Pico Rivera, CA" [Sp]
-
02.10.1989 "Dinosaur Station, Emery Country Museum, Castle Dale, UT" [Sp]
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Pteranodon dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Stegosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Stegosaurus on postmark of USA 1989
02.10.1989 "Elasmosaurus Station, Philatelic Station, Redondo Beach, CA" [Sp]
-
02.10.1989 "National Stamp Collecting Month, Dinosaur station, Binghamton" [Sp]
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Elasmosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Brontosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989
05.10.1989 "National Stamp Collecting Month Station, Long Beach, CA" [Sp]
-
06.10.1989 "National Stamp Collecting Month, Philatelic Station Cockeysville, MD" [Sp]
-
06.10.1989 "When dinosaurs walked this planet, Tyrannosaurus Station, Eugene, OR" [Sp]
-
Stegosaurus dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1989 Dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1989 T-Rex dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989
06.10.1989 "National Stamp Collecting Month Station, Phoenix, AZ" [Sp]
-
07.10.1989 "Tyrannosaurus Station, Rutland, Ohio" [Sp]
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08.10.1989 "Idaho Falls Stamp Fair Station" [Sp]
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Brontosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1989 Stegosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989
07.10.1989 "Park Mall Station, Tuccson, AZ" [Sp]
-
07.10.1989 "Pteranodon Station, Chauncey, Ohio" [Sp]
-
07.10.1989 "Brontosaurus Station, Kimbolton, Ohio." [Sp]
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Tyrannosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Pteranodon dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Stegosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989
07.10.1989 "Dinosaurs Rediscovered, the Neville Public Museum of Brown Country Station, Green Bay, WI" [Sp]
-
07.10.1989 "Dinosaur station, Children Museum, Indianapolis, IN" [Sp]
08.10.1989 "National Stamp Collecting Month, Tyrannosaurus" [Sp]
Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Sauropod on postmark of USA 1989 T-Rex dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989
11.10.1989 "Dinosaurs Revisited, Prehistoric Station, Salem, OR" [Sp]
-
12.10.1989 "Tyrannosaurus Station" [Sp]
-
13.10.1989 "The Land of Dinosaurs, Washington Park and Zoo Railway, Brontosaurus Station" [Sp]
Stegosaurus dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1989 T-Rex dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Brontosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989
13-15.10.1989 "Coelophysis, the State Dinosaur, ALPEX'89 Station, Albuquerque, NM" [Sp]
15.10.1989 "MCSC EXPO STA, Arlington, TX" [Sp]
-
20.10.1989 "Mammoth tusk, Stepex Station, Horseheads, New York" [Sp]
Coelophysis dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Pteranodons on postmark of USA 1989 Mammoth tusk on postmark of USA 1989
20.10.1989 "Stamp Collecting Station, Honolulu, HI" [Sp]
-
20.10.1989 "Prehistoric Station, Providence, RI" [Sp]
20.10.1989 "Pteranodon Station, Philatelic Center, Cerritos, CA" [Sp]
-
Brontosaurus dinosaur   on postmark of USA 1989 T-Rex dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Pteranodon  on postmark of USA 1989
20-21.10.1989 "Dinosaur exhibit, Museum Station, Louisville, KY" [Sp]
21.10.1989 "Dinosaur State Park Station, Rocky Hill, CT" [Sp]
27.10.1989 "Stegosaurus Station, Philatelic Center, Downey, CA" [Sp]
Dinosaur footprints on postmark of USA 1989 Brontosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Stegosaurus  on postmark of USA 1989
28.10.1989 "Kidpex STA, Milwaukee, WI" [Sp]
28.10.1989 "Dinosaur Station, Long Beach, CA" [Sp]
-
28.10.1989 "Mastodon Station, 35th anniversary, Vernon, NJ" [Sp]
Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Mastodon  on postmark of USA 1989
28.10.1989 "Stamp Day Station, Glendale Public Library Youth Stamp Club, Glendale, Arizona" [Sp]
-
29.10.1989 "AWPEX'89 Exhibition Station, Fort Wayne, IN" [Sp]
31.10.1989 "Stamposaurus, Memphis, TN" [Sp]
Triceratops dinosaur  on postmark of USA 1989 Dinosaur  on postmark of USA 1989 Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989
04.11.1989 "Pompex Station, Del Mar, CA" [Sp]
-
04.11.1989 "Avpex'89, Animals Valley Mall Station, Farmington, New Mexico" [Sp]
14.11.1989 "Dinosaur Station, Custer, MT" [Sp]
Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Dinosaur  on postmark of USA 1989 Stegosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989
26.11.1989 "World Stamp EXPO'89, Dinosaur Day, Washington, DC" [Sp]
-
09.12.1989 "Dinosaur Station, Redlands, California" [Sp]
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Stegosaurus dinosaur  on postmark of USA 1989 T-Rex dinosaur  on postmark of USA 1989
10.02.1990 "Linpex Station, Lincoln, NE" [Sp]
-
14.11.1990 "CENEPEX'90 Station, Grand Island, NE" [Sp]
26.11.1990 "25th anniversary Agate Fossil Beds National Monument, Agate Station, Michell, NE" [Sp]
Brontosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1990 Stegosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1990 Prehistoric mammal on postmark of USA 1990
1990[DU] "Begin an Adventure of Giant Proportions - Collect Stamp!" [PM]
(the same design, but different cities across USA)
19.04.1991 "MAPS EXPO XIII SRA, Tully Monster" [Sp] 26.10.1991 "110,000,000 years ago Dinosaurs roamed in Maryland" [Sp]
Brontosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1990 Tully Monster on postmark of USA 1991 Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1991
18.07.1992 "Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Fossil Society Station"[Sp] 23.07.1992 "American-Midwest Federation Show SRA., Brunwick, OH [Sp]
Prehistoric fish Dunklleosteus on postmark of USA 1992 Trilobite on postmark of USA 1992
19.03.1993 "Dinosaur dig expedition, Carnival Station, Alberton, Mt." [Sp]
-
29.05.1993 "MAPS EXPO XV STA., the year of extinct Echinoderms" [Sp]
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23.07.1993 "Hagerman Fossil Day, Idaho" [Sp]
Fossil of dinosaur on postmark of USA 1993 Echinorems on postmark of USA 1993 Fossil of prehistoric mammal on postmark of USA 1993
17.01.1994 "Dinosaur Day, Dinosaur Dakota Museum" [Sp]
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26.02.1994 "Mississippi Gem and Mineral Society Annual Show" [Sp]
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18.02.1994 "Stamp EXPO/Station - Save the planet" [Sp]
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Triceratops dinosaur on postmark of USA 1994 Mosasaurus fossil on postmark of USA 1994 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 1994
07.04.1995 "MAPS EXPO XVII Station - the year of the Crinoids" [Sp]
-
28.05.1995 "Fossil Festival Station, Aurora, NC" [Sp]
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25.08.1995 "Mastodon State Park Station - 2nd" Day Issue" [Sp]
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Fossils of Crinoids on postmark of USA 1995 Prehistoric shark and it teeths on postmark of USA 1995 Mastodon on postmark of USA 1995
25.08.1995 "Prehistoric animals, Fossil Bed Station, Hagerman, Idaho" [Sp]
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13.04.1996 "MAPS EXPO XVIII Station - the year of the Brachiopods" [Sp]
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09.06.1996 "Hincley Historical Society Station, Ohio" [Sp]
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Skulls of prehistoric mammals on postmark of USA 1995 Fossils of Brachiopods on postmark of USA 1996 Giat Ground Sloth on postmark of USA 1996
28.06.1996 "Ashfall Fossil Beds, State Historical Park Station, Royal, NE" [Sp] 20.07.1996 "The Mammoth Site, Hot Springs, SD" [Sp]
-
29.09.1996 "Bricks and Bones, Florida Museum of Natural History" [Sp]
Prehistoric Rhino on postmark of USA 1996 Mammoths on postmark of USA 1996 Mammoth on postmark of USA 1996
12.10.1996 "STARPEX XXXVI Station, Canton, Ohio" [Sp] 15.10.1996 "AVPEX'96, Animal valley Mall Station, Farmington, NM" [Sp]
Prehistoric human on postmark of USA 1996 Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1996
1997
01.05.1997 "The World of Dinosaurs" [FDC] 01.05.1997 "Dinosaur Valley Museum STA., Grand Junction, CO" [Sp]
02.05.1997 "Dinosaur Station Bozeman, MT" [Sp]
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Postmark of USA 1997 for FDC covers of The World of Dinosaurs stamps set Dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1997 T-rex dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997
02.05.1997 "The real Dinosaurland Station, Vernal, Utah" [Sp]
-
02.05.1997 "Dinosaur Station Agar, SD" [Sp]
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02.05.1997 "Denver Museum of Natural History, Dino Station, Denver, Colorado" [Sp]
Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997 Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997 Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997
02.05.1997 "The world of Dinosaurs, Hinckley Library Station, Hinckley, Ohio" [Sp]
02.05.1997 "Prehistory week in College of Eastern UT SRA., Price, UT" [Sp]
03.05.1997 "New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science" [Sp]
Stegosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997 Modosaur dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997 Dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1997
15.05.1997 "Dinosaur station, Faith, SD" [Sp]
15.05.1997 "Dinosaur station, Rolla, ND" [Sp]
16.05.1997 "DINO Station Canton, OH" [Sp]
Dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1997 Dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1997 Dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1997
17.05.1997 "Museum Day Station, Lubbock, TX" [Sp]
19.05.1997 "Dinosaur station, Reva, SD" [Sp]
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24.05.1997 "Fossil Festival Station, Aurora, NO" [Sp]
Pteranodon on postmark of USA 1997 Dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1997 Prehistoric fish on postmark of USA 1997
07.06.1997 "Dinosaur Station, Children's Festival, Sacramento, CA" [Sp]
21.06.1997 "Planet Dinosaur, Fernbank Museum of Natural History, Atlanta, GA" [Sp]
-
12.07.1997 "Dinosaur station, Minnewaukan, ND" [Sp]
T-Rex dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997 Dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1997 Dinosaurs on postmark of USA 1997
12.07.1997 "Dinamation, Virginia Living Museum" [Sp]
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24.08.1997 "Dinosaur Station, Champlain Valley Fait, Essex, JCT" [Sp]
29.08.1997 "State Fair Station, Rutland, VT" [Sp]
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Dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997 Brontosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997 T-Rex dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997
14.09.1997 "3rd Employee Awareness Celebration, TOPEKA, KS" [Sp]
20.09.1997 "Falls of the Ohio Fossil Festival, Clarksville, Indiana" [Sp]
-
27.09.1997 "Designing Dinosaurs, solving prehistoric puzzles. Bruce Museum Station, Greenwich, CT" [Sp]
Brontosaurus dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997 Heliophyllum fossil on postmark of USA 1997 Tyrannosaurus rex dinosaur  dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997
05.10.1997 "Dinosaur Station, Wilmington, Delaware" [Sp]
18.10.1997 "Birthday Station, Museum Villace, Monroe, N.Y." [Sp]
-
01.11.1997 "PITTPEX'97, Exhibition Station, Pittsburgh, PA" [Sp]
Tyrannosaurus rex dinosaur  dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997 Mastodon skeleton on postmark of USA 1997 Dinosaur  dinosaur on postmark of USA 1997
18.04.1998 "FRESPEX'98, Frespex Station, Fresno, CA" [Sp]
20.08.1999 "30th anniversary Florissant Fossil Beds, National Monument." [Sp]
17.10.1999 "Kennewick Man Station, Richland, WA" [Sp]
Mammoth on postmark of USA 1998 Prehistoric insect on postmark of USA 1999 Skull of Kennewick Man on postmark of USA 1999
19.08.2000 "Fish within a Fish, Gove country Kansas" [Sp]
23.09.2000 "3rd annual Hamptonburgh Country Festival" [Sp]
15.09.2001 "Kenosha Philatelic Museum, mammoth Station" [Sp]
Fish fossil on postmark of USA 2000 Mammoth on postmark of USA 2000 Mammoth on postmark of USA 2001
30.03.2001 "MAPS EXPO XXIII Station, the Year of the Trilobite" [Sp]
26.05.2001 "Fossil Festival Station, Aurora, NC" [Sp]
12.04.2002 "MAPS EXPO XXIII Station, the Year of tracks trails tracks" [Sp]
Trilobite on postmark of USA 2001 Fossil on postmark of USA 2001 Footprint of Eubrontes glenrosensis on postmark of USA 2002
14.05.2005 "Cheshire’s Dinosaur Festival Station, Cheshire, CT" [Sp]
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10.06.2005 "100 years of Tyrannosaurus rex, a Symposium Station, Hill City, SD" [Sp]
11.03.2006 "Wiscopex Exhibit Station, Jane at Burpee Museum, Rockford, IL" [Sp]
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Dinosaur on postmark of USA 2005 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2005 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2006
10.06.2006 "A special exhibition, A T. Rex Named Sue, Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, Norman, OK" [Sp]
-
16.06.2007 "Collecting Oklahoma, Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, Norman, OK" [Sp]
13.09.2008 "Floyd Country Conservation, Rockford, Iowa" [Sp]
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Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2005 Prehistoric marine reptile on postmark of USA 2007 Marine fossils on postmark of USA 2008
15.07.2010 "Days of the Dinosaur Station, California State Fair, Sacramento, CA" [Sp]
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2013[DU] "America's Aquarium in Stone" [Sp]
Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2010 Prehistoric fish on meter franking of USA 2013
2019
29.08.2019 "Tyrannosaurus Rex, Washington, DC" [FDC] 29.08.2019 "Tyrannosaurus, Washington, DC" [FDC] 30.08.2019 "Arizona Museum of Natural History" [Sp]
Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Footprint of Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Suskityrannus rex on postmark of USA 2019
30.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Greensboro, NC" [Sp]
-
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Atlanta, GA" [Sp]
-
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Fayetteville, GA" [Sp]
-
Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Baltimore, MD" [Sp]
-
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Chesnee, SC" [Sp]
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31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Cover, SC" [Sp]
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Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Newport News, VA" [Sp]
Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, West Jefferson, NC" [Sp]
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Wedgefield, SC" [Sp]
-
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Walterboro, SC" [Sp]
Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Clover, SC" [Sp]
-
21.09.2019 "Museum of the Rockies Station" [Sp]
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Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Footprint of Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019

Notes:



Postmarks and meter frankings of commercial companies with fossils and prehistoric animals on it.

Legend is here
1934-1941 Sinclair Company, type 1 [PM] [PMC1] 1934-1942 Sinclair Company, type 2 [PM] [PMC1] 1934-1941 Sinclair Company, type 3 [PM] [PMC1]
Brontosaurus on meter franking of Sinclair company of USA 1938 Brontosaurus on meter franking of Sinclair company of USA 1935 Brontosaurus on meter franking of Sinclair company of USA 1934
1939-1952 Sinclair Company, type 4 [PM] [PMC1] 1939-1948 Sinclair Company, type 5 [PM] [PMC1] 1964-1965 Sinclair Company, type 6 [PM] [PMC1]
Brontosaurus on meter franking of Sinclair company of USA 1950 Brontosaurus on meter franking of Sinclair company of USA 1943 Brontosaurus on meter franking of Sinclair company of USA 1964

Notes:
[PMC1] Between 1934 and 1965, the Sinclair Oil Company used this meter franking, as well as regular advertisements to advertise their motor oil.

In 1935 - 1938 they also run an Ad campaign. As part of it, they issued set of stamps-like labels (this kind of "stamps" known as Cinderella in philatelic community) depicting various dinosaurs. This is the first Cinderella set of stamps depicting prehistoric animals ever. (Examples of these stamps are here )

They chose a dinosaur for a company logo as a symbol of the great length of time their oil spent in the ground.
For more information about Sinclair meter frankings, please have a look at



Postmarks with Paleontology related Town Names

There are several places across USA named Dinosaur, Fossil, Mammoth etc.
Some of these places are indeed connected to paleontology. US-Paleo-Towns
Legend is here
Dinosaur Town, Colorado [PM] [PML1] Fossil Town, Oregon – Precancels [PM] [PML2]
Postmark of Dinosaur town in Colorado, USA 2020 Precancels of Fossil town in Oregon, USA

Notes:
According to "The Mesozoic Times" magazine (Issue #1, 2016), page 2), there are a few dozen of US towns named "Dinosaur", "Fossil", "Mammoth" etc.
However, not every town in the list has a connection to the paleontological subject of its name.

Paleontology related Towns of USA Paleontology related Towns of USA [PML1] Dinosaur is a statutory town located in Moffat County, Colorado, United States. The town population was 339 at the 2010 census.
Originally established Dec 9th, 1947 as the Town of Artesia, Dinosaur Colorado, changed its name in 1966 to capitalize on the ever-increasing popularity of the Dinosaur National Monument, conveniently located just two miles east of the Town of Dinosaur.
Dinosaur National Monument headquarters is located just east of the town on U.S. Highway 40. [R7]

Dinosaur National Monument is an American national monument located on the southeast flank of the Uinta Mountains on the border between Colorado and Utah at the confluence of the Green and Yampa rivers.
The park contains over 800 paleontological sites and has fossils of dinosaurs including Allosaurus, Deinonychus, Abydosaurus, and other sauropods.
However, there are NO Dinosaur bones found on the Colorado side of the Monument yet. All dinosaur bones found so far in Dinosaur National Monument are on the Utah side. [R8]


[PML2] Fossil is a town in and the county seat of Wheeler County, Oregon, United States. The name was chosen by the first postmaster, Thomas B. Hoover, who had found some fossil remains on his ranch. The population is about 500. [R9]
In the 1960s, the US Post Office sold pre-canceled stamps with the names of their post office locations.
Here are some variations of Fossil town in Oregon. All images are from mesozoictimes.wordpress.com website.



Some other postmarks and meter frankings of USA to consider

Legend is here
01.10.1989 "Prehistoric animals" [FDC] 02.10.1989 "Stamposaurus, Brisbin anniversary Station" [Sp] 02.10.1989 "Stamposaurus, Harrisburg" [Sp]
Stamposaurus on postmark of USA 1989 Stamposaurus on postmark of USA 1989 Stamposaurus on postmark of USA 1989
02.10.1989 "Stamposaurus, New Orleans, LA" [Sp] 02.10.1989 "Ben Franklin Stamp Club Station" [Sp] 02.10.1989 "National Stamp Collecting Station, Utican, NY" [Sp]
Stamposaurus on postmark of USA 1989 Stamposaurus on postmark of USA 1989 Stamposaurus on postmark of USA 1989
07.10.1989 "Stamposaurus, Fernbank Science Center Station" [Sp] 07.10.1989 "National Stamp Collecting Station, Syracuse, NY" [Sp] 16.10.1989 "Stamposaurus Station, White Cottage, Ohio" [Sp]
Stamposaurus on postmark of USA 1989 Triceratops dinosaur on postmark of USA 1989 Stamposaurus on postmark of USA 1989
21.10.1989 "Stamposaurus, Dinosaur Station, Charleston, West Virginia" [Sp] 24.10.1989 "Stamposaurus, Youth Day Station, Shreveport, LA" [Sp] 28.10.1989 "Dinosaur Day, Geology Museum Station, Unuversity of Wisconsin-Madison" [Sp]
Stamposaurus on postmark of USA 1989 Stamposaurus on postmark of USA 1989 Stamposaurus on postmark of USA 1989
28.10.1989 "Dinosaur, Cuy-lor Station, Rocky River, Ohio" [Sp] 29.06.1991 "50th anniversary of Mammoth Cave National Park" [Sp]
Stamposaurus on postmark of USA 1989 Mammoth Cave postmark of USA 19991
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Aberdeen, MD" [Sp]
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Baltimore, MD" [Sp]
-
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Lawrencevile, GA" [Sp]
Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Leesburg, VA" [Sp]
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Manassas, VA" [Sp]
-
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Summerville, SC" [Sp]
Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019
31.08.2019 "T-Rex Station, Vienna, VA" [Sp]
27.09.2019 "T-Rex Station, Carolina Beach, NC" [Sp]
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Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex on postmark of USA 2019

Notes:



References:
[R1] More information about USA is on Wikipedia, WikiTravel, Flag Country.

[a] Confederate States (1861-865).


[R2] More information about postal history of USA is on Wikipedia, "The Mezozoic Time" blog and "The Mezozoic Time" magazine of Fran Adam,
     Some explanation about Digital Postmarks, THE DIGITIZED US POSTAL BULLETINS and PL&Rs.

[a] Postal history of Confederate States, list of Confederate States stamps on Mystic Stamps website (include many images).


[R3] More information about Thomas Jefferson is here and here,
Thomas Jefferson: Paleontologist by Thomas O. Jewett,
"A Memorial of the Discovery of certain Bones of a Quadruped of the Clawed Kind in the Western Part of Virginia", by Thomas Jefferson,
"THOMAS JEFFERSON AS A PALEONTOLOGIST" by HENRY FAIRFIELD OSBORN,
Megalonyx on Wikipedia, Wikipedia article about Thomas Jefferson ,
Presidents of the United States on U.S. postage stamps.

[a] Mount Rushmore National Memorial: Official Site, Wikipedia.
[b] Jefferson Memorial: Official Site, Wikipedia.
Virginia’s Rotunda: Official Site, Wikipedia. [c]


[R4] More information about Carlsbad Caverns is here.

[R5] More information about Grand Canyon is Wikipedia, nps.gov, Grand Staircase on Wikipedia,
[R6] More information about Yellowstone National Park is Wikipedia, nps.gov,
[R7] More information about Dinosaur town in Colorado: Wikipedia, The town website, Dinosaur National Monument
[R8] More information about Dinosaur National Monument: Wikipedia nps.gov
[R9] More information about Fossil town in Oregon: Official town site, the Oregon Encyclopedia, Wikipedia, mesozoictimes.wordpress.com,


Acknowledgements:
Many thanks to Dr. Peter Voice from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, for his help to find an information for this article, the draft page review and his valuable comments.


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