Spain

Fossils, dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, Natural History Museums, Charles Darwin, cave painting, fossil found places

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Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain is a sovereign state largely located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, with two large archipelagos, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea and the Canary Islands off the North African Atlantic coast, two cities Ceuta and Melilla in the North African mainland and several small islands in the Alboran Sea near the Moroccan coast. It is the only European country to have a border with an African country (Morocco) and its African territory accounts for nearly 5% of its population, mostly in the Canary Islands but also in Ceuta and Melilla.
Spain has an area of 505,990 km2 and population of over 46 Mio. people. [R1]

The very first stamp of Spain issued in 1850, but it took 75 years untill some dinosaurs appeared on Spanish stamps. However there are many postmarks and some stamps of Spain depicting some prehistoric animals on cave paintig of Altamira cave.
Stamps in Spain are distributed and sold by the Spanish postal service known as the Correos y Telégrafos, and beginning in 2001 officially a governmental corporation, the Sociedad Estatal de Correos y Telégrafos, S.A. Since 2011 the corporation and its subsidiaries are known as the "Grupo Correos". [R2]
There are several philatelic clubs in various regions of Spain who produce some personalized stamps with fossils and reconstrution of prehistoric animals who roamed at their areas.


Official stamps of Spain related to Paleontology and Paleoanthropology: fossils, dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, early humans, Charles Darwin

30.11.2001 "UNESCO world heritage sites" [1] 15.07.2009"Popular Characters" [2] 11.07.2012"Science"
paleoanthropological excavation at Atapuerca and a skull of Homo erectus on stamp of Spain 2001 Charles Darwin among other popular characters on stamp of Spain 2009 Paleontology and Geology on stamps of Spain 2012
07.05.2015 "Dinosaurs" (I) [3] 30.06.2016 "Dinosaurs" (II) [4] 02.10.2017 "Teruel province" [5]
Dinosaurs on stamps of Spain 2015 Dinosaurs on stamps of Spain 2016 Aragosaurus dinosaur on stamp of Spain 2017
02.05.2019 "La Rioja province" [6]  23.03.2020 "Museum of Human Evolution in Burgos"
Dinosaur footprints on stamp of Spain 2019 Museum of Human Evolution in Burgos and skull of Homo heidelbergensis or an early Neanderthal man on stamp of Spain 2020

Notes:
paleoanthropological excavation at Atapuerca and a skull of Homo erectus on stamp of Spain 2001 [1] The stamp in the middle of the second row, shows the paleoanthropological excavation at Atapuerca and a skull of Homo erectus found there.
The Archaeological Site of Atapuerca is located near the city of Burgos, in the Autonomous Community of Castilla y León, in the North of the Iberian Peninsula. The property rich fossil record of the earliest human beings in Europe, from nearly one million years ago and extending into the Common Era. It constitutes an exceptional scientific reserve that provides priceless information about the appearance and way of life of these remote human ancestors. The Sierra de Atapuerca sites provide unique testimony of the origin and evolution both of the existing human civilization and of other cultures that have disappeared. The evolutionary line or lines from the African ancestors of modern humankind are documented in these sites. [R3]

[2] Charles Darwin depicting on one of the stamps.

[3] On May 7, 2015, Post Authority of Spain issued the first stamps of Dinosaurs. The set contain four stamps each one printed with different technique: scales texture, Augmented Reality, phosphorescence, 3D and special glasses, which allows to some of the effects. All of the dinosaurs shown on the stamps are "classical", well known to wide public, but fossils of none of them are found in Spain. The dinosaurs are depicting at "children draw" style, another wekness of these stamps is the price. Euro 2 each it is very expensive even for European country and make their postal usage very limited. Seems as they issued with a purpose to be sold for collectors, rather to be used on letters, therefore these stamps are marked as undesired.

[4] On June 30, 2016, Post Authority of Spain issued the second stamps of Dinosaurs (first set issued in 2015). The set contain four stamps each one printed with different technique: scales texture, Augmented Reality, phosphorescence, 3D and special glasses, which allows to some of the effects. Distinguished from stamps of 2015 when all shown dinosaurs were well known to wide public: Ankylosaurus, Triceratops, Tyrannosaurus, Diplodocus, this year only "local" dinosaurs are depicting. Euro 2 each is very expensive even for European country and make their postal usage very limited. Seems as they issued with a purpose to be sold for collectors, rather to be used on letters, therefore these stamps are marked as undesired.

[5] Dinosaur on Teruel stamp of Spain 2017The stamp is dedicated to province Teruel, shows varios sighseeing and local food of the area. Dinosaur's head can be seen on the bottom-right corner of the stamp. The head belongs to Aragosaurus dinosaurs. Aragosaurus (meaning "Aragon lizard") was a genus of sauropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous period of Galve, province of Teruel, in the autonomous territory of Aragón, Spain. Aragosaurus was a large, quadrupedal plant-eating dinosaur, which lived about 133-125 million years ago. It was about 18 metres in length and about 28 tonnes in weight. Like other sauropods, it had a long neck, a long powerful tail, a small head and a bulky body. Another dinosaur found in Teruel province is Turiasaurus riodevensis, who was also a sauropod dinosaur, is believed to be the largest dinosaur ever found in Europe, and is among the largest dinosaurs known to datw, at 36–39 metres in length and with a weight of 40 to 48 tonnes. Dinosaur footprints on stamps of Spain 2019
Pitty that none of this unique dinosaur are shown on Dinosaur stamps of Soain in 2015 and 2016.

[6] Dinosaur's footprint depicting on the left side of the stamp "12 MONTHS 12 SEALS. THE RIOJA".
More than 120 million years ago in this place, Enciso, lived dinosaurs . They lived in a unique enclave, in the ancient Sea of ​​Tethys, where they left their mark. Today we continue to be amazed with its habitat, its diet, its way of life, hunting ... that is, with the authentic nature of the great saurians


Some personalized stamps of Spain related to Paleontology and Paleoanthropology: fossils, prehistoric animals

03.08.2012 "30 years since discovery Mammoths fossils at Padul (Granada), Spain" [SP1] 16.08.2013 "Ancient human from Orce" [SP2] 28.08.2015 "Saber-toothed tiger: Megantereon whitei" [SP3]
Mammuthus Primigenius on personalized stamps of Spain 2012 Mammuthus Primigenius on personalized stamps of Spain 2012 Mammuthus Primigenius on personalized stamps of Spain 2012
07.05.2015 "XLVII International stamps show in Madrid"
Dinosaurs on personalized stamps of Spain 2015 Michel "Dinos - whole world" catalog 2019, with Novelties up to MICHEL Rundschau 1/2019 have been catalogued in this edition Michel "Dinos - whole world" catalog 2019, with Novelties up to MICHEL Rundschau 1/2019 have been catalogued in this edition
03.10.2017 "Mastadon from Baza: Anancus arvernensis" [SP4] 17.01.2019 "25th anniversary of Fossil and Minerals Museum of Elgoibar" [SP5] 26.10.2019 "Fossils of Aragon" [SP6]
Mastodon Anancus arvernensis on personalized stamps of Spain 2017 Fossil of Mixosaurus on personalized stamp of Spain 2019 Skull of marine crocodile Maledictosuchus riclaensis from Ricla (Zaragoza) on personalized stamp of Spain 2019

Notes:
[SP1] Issued by the Granada Philatelic and Numismatic Society and the Arrayanes Collectors Club, to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the "great "Discovery, in 1982, of the remains of the woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius), in the so-called" peat bog "of La Laguna , in the Granada town of El Padul. [R12]

[SP2] Issued by Granada Philatelic and Numismatic Society, the Arrayanes Collectors Club, of Granada, the City Council of Orce and the scientific team of the IPHES ( Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social ).
The stamp shows a "milk" tooth of 10 years old child , found at Orce, Granada province of Spain. The tooth is about 1.4 million years old and is one of the oldest human fossils in Europe. [R13]
Megantereon whitei on stamp of Gibraltar 2000
[SP3] The stamp show a jaw of Saber-toothed tiger: Megantereon whitei, that discovered at "Venta Micena" site by Orce village at Granada province of Spain.
Issued by "Arrayanes" Collectors Club of Granada to commemorate 20 years since publication of "Presence of the African Machairodont Megantereon whitei
(Broom, 1937) (Felidae, Carnivora, Mammalia) in the Lower Pleistocene Site of Venta Micena (Orce, Granada, Spain), with some Considerations on the Origin, Evolution and Dispersal of the Genus". [R14]

[SP4] Issued by "Arrayanes" Collectors Club of Granada. The stamp shows reconstruction and some fossils of Anancus arvernensis species Mastodon, that found in the Bastetan paleontological deposit called "Baza-1", excavated in summer 2017. [R10]

[SP5] On celebration of its 25th anniversary Mufomi Fossils and Minerals museum of Elgoibar issued two personalized stamps. One shows a mineral, another an Ichthyosaurus, Mixosaurus specie.
Mixosaurus was a small to medium-sized ichthyosaur, not growing more than 2 meters in total length with small species not growing more than 1 meter.
Mufomi, in Elgoibar, offers the largest collection of fossils and minerals in Euskadi (an autonomous community in northern Spain ). The museum is divided into two rooms. The first one is dedicated to invertebrate fossils and fossils from Euskadi. In the other room are exhibited vertebrate fossils and minerals collected from corners of the world. Pity they depict a foreign animal (Mixosaurus fossils have been found near Italy–Switzerland border and in South China) instead of a local one.

[SP6] Issued by the Society of Friends of the Museum of Natural Sciences of the University of Zaragoza (SAMPUZ) and Philatelic Association Zaragozana (ASFIZA), with the purpose to promote fossils of Aragon in different locations of Spain and even abroad.
Aragon is a landlocked, autonomous, region in northeastern Spain comprising the provinces of Huesca, Zaragoza and Teruel. Its capital is Zaragoza (also called Saragossa in English).
Fossils on stamps are:
Ammonite Albarracinites albarracinensis from Albarracín (Teruel)
Trilobite Acadoparadoxides mureroensis from Mureo (Zaragoza)
Skull of marine crocodile Maledictosuchus riclaensis from Ricla (Zaragoza). [R9]



Other stamps to consider: fossils found places, cave painting, Natural History Museums

27.03.1967 "Painting (XI): Prehistoric cave painting" 18.07.1969 "Gibraltar" [A1] 28.04.1975 "Europe: Painting" [A2]
Prehistoric cave painting on stamps of Spain 1967 The Rock of Gibraltar - Natural fossil found place - on stamps of Spain 1969 Prehistoric cave painting on stamps of Spain 1975
05.12.1989 "UNESCO heritage (III)" [A3] 27.04.2015 "World Heritage. Cave of Altamira" [A3] 10.03.2016 "Museum of Natural Sciences" [A4]
Steppe bison on cave painting in Altamira cave on stamp of Spain 1989 Steppe bison on cave painting in Altamira cave on stamp of Spain 2015 Museum of Natural Sciences on stamp of Spain 2016

Notes:
[A1] The Rock of Gibraltar shown on both stamps. The Gibraltar Neanderthals first came to light in 1848 during excavations in the course of the construction of a fortification called Forbes' Barrier at the northern end of the Rock of Gibraltar. The skull of a Neanderthal was discovered in Forbes' Quarry by Lieutenant Edmund Flint, though its exact provenance is unknown, and was the subject of a presentation to the Gibraltar Scientific Society by Lieutenant Flint in March 1848 [R4].
The Rock of Gibraltar is also depicting on several stamps of Gibraltar.

prehistoric horse on cave painting [A2] Prehistoric horse shown on one of the cave painting stamps.

[A3] "Cave of Altamira" and Bison priscus, also called Steppe Bison, depicting on the background. The bison is from the cave painting found in the cave, it can be also seen on stamp from 2015 as well as on many postmarks of Spain.

The steppe bison or steppe wisent is an extinct species of bison that was once found on the mammoth steppe where its range included Europe. Steppe bison appear in cave art, notably in the Cave of Altamira and Lascaux, and the carving Bison Licking Insect Bite, and have been found in naturally ice-preserved form. [R5]

The Cave of Altamira, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985, is the reason for this emission consisting of a block leaf, printed with a slight relief to simulate the original cave, reproduces one of the best known rock paintings. Located in the municipality of Santillana del Mar (Cantabria), Altamira Cave was the first place in the world to identify the existence of rock art during the Upper Palaeolithic period. The discovery was made by the scholar Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola, who visited the cave for the first time in 1875, when official science did not admit the existence of art in the Paleolithic period. The cave is more than 270 meters long, with an irregular layout by different rooms, covered with paintings made some 15,000 years ago. The most famous is the polychrome ceiling, with figures of large red horses, bison, deer, bulls, hands painted in positive and negative, signs, points and other representations. [R6]

Megatherium americanum on margin of stamp sheet of Spain 2016 [A4] The Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (Spanish: National Museum of Natural Sciences) is the National Museum of Natural History of Spain. It is situated in the center of Madrid, by the Paseo de la Castellana. It is managed by the Spanish National Research Council. The Museum was created in 1772 by Charles III of Spain as the Gabinete Real de Historia Natural, changing names several times until its current denomination.
The museum has significant collection of fossils, for example:
A Megatherium americanium brought from Argentina in 1789 and depicting on margin of stamps sheet (bottom-right corner)
A Diplodocus donated by Andrew Carnegie to Alfonso XIII of Spain. [R7]


Commemorative postmarks of Spain related to Paleontrology: fossils, dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, prehistoric humans, footprints of prehistoric animals, Charles Darwin

Legend is here
14.02.1970 "Inauguration Academic of the provincial institute of paleontology in Sabadell" 09-12.09.1974 "1st Symposium of Iberain Cretaceous" [Sp] ?.1980 [DU] "3rd International Minerals and Fossils trade show in Bilbao" [Sp]
Ammonite fossil on commemorative postmark of Spain 1970 Ammonite fossil on commemorative postmark of Spain 1974 Dinosaur footprints on commemorative postmark of Spain 1980
18.10.1980 "3rd International Exhibition of minerals and fossils in Bilbao" [Sp] 11.02.1983 "25th anniversary of Geological Museum in Granada" [Sp] 22.10.1983 "6th International Minerals and Fossils trade show in Bilbao" [Sp]
Dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 1980 Ammonite over map of Andalusia region of Spain on commemorative postmark of Spain 1993 Sea snail fossil Turritella glauconia on commemorative postmark of Spain 1983
02.11.1983 "1st Exhibition geological sciences in Andalusia" [Sp] 19-20.10.1985 "8th International Minerals and Fossils trade show in Bilbao" [Sp] 15.11.1992 "Philatelic show Fossils and Minerals"
Ammonite fossil on commemorative postmark of Spain 1983 Sea star fossil on commemorative postmark of Spain 1985 Sea star fossil on commemorative postmark of Spain 1992
1992 "SHD" [DU] [PM]
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08.05.1993 "Philatelic show in Museu Balear de Ciències Naturals" [Sp] 13-14.10.1994 "Philatelic show - Geology on stamps, in Zaragoza" [Sp]
Mammoth on commemorative meter franking of Spain 1992 Pterosaurus fossil on commemorative postmark of Spain 1993 Trilobie on commemorative postmark of Spain 1994
04.09.1995 "International Congress of Human Paleontology" [Sp] 11.11.1995 "Philatelic show - Minerals and Fossila in Urretxu" [Sp] 12.11.1997 "Bicentennials of famous geologists:
James Hutton (1726-1797), Casiano de Prado y Valle (1797-1866), Sir Charles Lyell (1797-1875)" [Sp]
Group of prehistoric human on commemorative postmark of Spain 1995 Insect in Amber on commemorative postmark of Spain 1995 Brachiopod on commemorative postmark of Spain 19957
-
15.11.1997 "Fossils and Minerals show in Zumarraga" [Sp] 16-18.06.2000 "IV collectors show in Pamplona-Jruna" [Sp] 04.11.2000 "Fossils and Minerals show in Zumarraga" [Sp]
Fish fossil on commemorative postmark of Spain 1997 Trilobite fossil on commemorative postmark of Spain 2000 Fossil collector on commemorative postmark of Spain 2000
21.11.2000 "International philatelic show - First inhabitant of Europe" [Sp] 11.11.2001 "VII Aragonese Conference of Paleontology in Ricla" [Sp] 30.11.2001 "World heritage of humanity" [FDC]
Prehistoric humans on commemorative postmark of Spain 2000 Ammonite and Belemnite fossil on commemorative postmark of Spain 2001 Fossil of Homo erectus from Atapuerca on commemorative postmark of Spain 2001
15.07.2009 "Popular charachters: Charles Darwin" [FDC] 11.07.2012 "Science: Paleontology" [FDC] 07.05.2015 "Dinosaurs (I)" [FDC]
Charles Darwin on commemorative postmark of Spain 2009 Ammonite and Pterosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2012 Tyrannosaurus rex dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2015
07.05.2015 "Dinosaurs (I)" [FDC]
Diplodocus   dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2015 Ankylosaurus dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2015 Triceratops  dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2015
07.05.2015 "Dinosaurs (I)" [FDC]
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Ankylosaurus dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2015 Diplodocus   dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2015 Triceratops  dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2015
07.05.2015 "Dinosaurs (I)" [FDC] 30.06.2016 "Dinosaurs (II)"
Tyrannosaurus rex dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2015 Tyrannosaurus rex dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2015 Turiasaurus dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2016
30.06.2016 "Dinosaurs (II)" [FDC]
Europelta dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2016 Proa dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2016 Pelecaniminus dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 2016
18.01.2019 "25th anniversary Mufomi Fossils and Minerals museum of Elgoibar" [Sp] 23.03.2020 "Museum of Human Evolution in Burgos" [FDC]
Ammonite fossil on commemorative postmark of Spain 2019 Skull of prehistoric human on commemorative postmark of Spain 2020



Some commemorative postmarks of Spain to consider: prehistoric animals on cave painting, fossil found places, Natural History Museums

Legend is here
02.09.1957 "V Quaternary study congress in Madrid" [Sp] [CO1] 15.03.1983 "Statute of autonomy for Cantabria" [FDC] [CO1] 05.12.1989 "UNESCO cultural heritage (III) - Santillana del Mar" [FDC] [CO1]
 Steppe bison from cave piantig in Altamira cave on commemorative postmark of Spain 1957 Steppe bison from cave piantig in Altamira cave on commemorative postmark of Spain 1983 Steppe bison from cave piantig in Altamira cave on commemorative postmark of Spain 1989
12.05.1989 "World Heritage" [Sp] [CO1] 27.11.1994 "Expofil'94 exhibit" [Sp] 04.05.1997 "Exficoluc'97" [Sp]
 Steppe bison from cave piantig in Altamira cave on commemorative postmark of Spain 1989 Flint tool on commemorative postmark of Spain 1994 Flint tool on commemorative postmark of Spain 1997
09.10.1997 "Exfilna'97 - Juvenile Philately Day" [Sp] 08.11.2003 "VIII Aragonese Days of Paleontology in Ricla" [Sp] 11.07.2013 "XXV anniversary of philatelic fedeation of Cantabria" [Sp]
Pterosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 1997 Fossil found place on commemorative postmark of Spain 2003 Steppe bison from cave piantig in Altamira cave on commemorative postmark of Spain 2013
27.04.2015 "World Heritage. Cave of Altamira"" [FDC] [CO1]
-
04.08.2015 "Altamira Museum. Santillana del Mar" [Sp] [CO2] x.02.2015 "Offical postmark of post office at Altamira cave" [PM]
Steppe bison from cave piantig in Altamira cave on commemorative postmark of Spain 2015 Steppe bison from cave piantig in Altamira cave on commemorative postmark of Spain 2015 Steppe bison from cave piantig in Altamira cave on commemorative postmark of Spain 2016
10.03.2016 "Museum of Natural Sciences" [FDC] [A4] 10.03.2016 "Museum of Natural Sciences" [Sp] [A4] 11.10.2016 "Altamira Museum" [Sp] [CO2]
National History Museum on commemorative postmark of Spain 2016 National History Museum on commemorative postmark of Spain 2016 Pterosaur on commemorative postmark of Spain 1997
15.07.2018"Altamira Museum - Altamira cave painting in philately" [Sp] [CO2] 01.10.2019 "12 months 12 stamps: Cantabria" [FDC] [CO2]
Horse from cave piantig in Altamira cave on commemorative postmark of Spain 2018 Steppe bison from cave piantig in Altamira cave on commemorative postmark of Spain 1997
Notes:
[CO1] Steppe bison from cave piantig in Altamira cave [A3]

[CO2] The National Museum and Research Center of Altamira (Spanish: Museo Nacional y Centro de Investigación de Altamira) is a center dedicated to the conservation of, research into and the sharing of information about the cave of Altamira in Santillana del Mar (Cantabria, Spain), named a World Heritage Site by Unesco. [R8]



References:
[R1] More information about Spain are on Wikipedia, Wikitravel or FlagCounter
[R2] More information about postal history of Spain on: Wikipedia
    Links to Spanish post authority and stamps catalog websites are here
[R3] Archaeological Site of Atapuerca: UNESCO web site.
[R4] Neanderthals of Gibraltar: Wikipedia
[R5] Steppe bison: Wikipedia
[R6] Cave of Altamira: Wikipedia
[R7] National Museum of Natural Sciences: Wikipedia and official site of the museum
[R8] The National Museum and Research Center of Altamira: Wikipedia, Official website of the museum
[R9] Fossils of Aragon: folklore-fosiles-ibericos.blogspot.com
[R10] Mastodon from Bazafolklore-fosiles-ibericos.blogspot.com, Ayuntamiento de Baza
[R11] Postmark commemorating the celebration of the Bicentennials of James Hutton, Casiano de Prado and Sir Charles Lyell, at the University of Oviedo folklore-fosiles-ibericos.blogspot.com
[R12] The woolly mammoths from Padul folklore-fosiles-ibericos.blogspot.com, Philatelic and Numismatic Society of Granadina
[R13] The "ancient humans" of Orce folklore-fosiles-ibericos.blogspot.com
[R14] The African saber-toothed tiger of Orce folklore-fosiles-ibericos.blogspot.com



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