Israel

Dinosaur and its footprints, fossils and fossil-found places on stamps and postmarks of Israel

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Israel, officially known as the State of Israel is a country in the Middle East, on the southe-astern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. It contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area.

Following World War II, the British withdrew from their mandate of Palestine, and the UN partitioned the area into Arab and Jewish states, an arrangement rejected by the Arabs. Subsequently, the Israelis defeated the Arabs in a series of wars without ending the deep tensions between the two sides. Israel's financial centere and technology hub is Tel Aviv. Jerusalem is the proclaimed capital. [R1]


The postage stamps and postal history of Israel is a survey of the postage stamps issued by the state of Israel, and its postal history, since independence was proclaimed on May 14, 1948. The first postage stamps were issued two days later on May 16, 1948. [R2]



Official stamps of Israel related to Paleontology: dinosaurs and prehistoric animals, fossils

05.12.2000 "Dinosaur of Judean Hills 18.06.2002 "Geology of the land of Israel" 28.08.2018 "Archeozoology in Eretz Israel"
Dinosaur and its footprint on stamps of Israel 2000 Fish and ammonite fossil on stamps of Israel 2002 Prehistoric animals on stamps of Israel 2018



Other stamps to consider: fossil found places, flint tools

11.02.2014 "Makhtesh Ancient Erosion in Israel" [A1] 07.02.2017 "UNESCO world heritage" [A2]
Makhtesh Ancient Erosion in Israel on stamps of Israel 2014 UNESCO world heritage on stamps of Israel 2017

Notes:

Makhtesh Ramon on stamp of Israel 2014 Fossils of Makhtesh Ramon on FDC of Israel 2014
Landscape of Makhtesh Ramon on stamp of Israel 2014, MiNr.: 2399, Scott: 2005. Fossils of Makhtesh Ramon on the cachet of FDC of Israel 2014,
[A1] On February 11, 2014 Post authority of Israel issued a set of 3 stamps "Makhtesh – Ancient Erosion Craters in Israel", one of these stamps shows Makhtesh Ramon.

Makhtesh Ramon, located near Mitzpe Ramon, is the largest crater, up to 40 km long, 9 km wide, and 500 m deep. Makhtesh Ramon is a geologists paradise with fossils, rock formations and volcanic and magmatic phenomenon dating back as much as 220 million years. The Ramon crater began forming when the ocean that covered the desert began to move north. The geological map of Makhtesh Ramon area illustrates the first day cover of "Geology of the land of Israel" stamps from 2002. It has been designated as a national geological park. Once many fossils such as ammonite, shark teeth and petrified wood are unearth in the north-eastern edge of the crater. Some of them are depicting on illustration of an FDC, although these have mainly been extracted so only smaller fossils can be found here today. [R3]



[A2] Three stamps showing UNESCO world heritage sites of Israel. One of them depicting a beautiful prehistoric stone tool from Nahal Mearot Caves in Israel.

Four caves (Tabun, Gamal Nahal and Es-Skhul Cave) are carved into the mountain on the southern slope of Mount Carmel, at the entrance to the Nahal Me'arot Caves. Archeological excavations conducted at the site from 1928 to the present have discovered evidence of human existence near and inside the caves over hundreds of thousands of years. Among the many findings were remnants of houses, various stone tools, jewellery, bones of animals used for food and graves.

Flint tool on stamp of Israel 2017
Flint tool on stamp of Israel 2017 MiNr.: 2553, Scott:
Neanderthals may have lived side by side with early humans and possibly interbred with them, according to new research. Stone axes and sharp flint arrowheads of both branches of the human race have been discovered in limestone caves in northern Israel.
The findings have led archeologists to believe the two sub-species found harmony in a coastal mountain range that today is in a state of war with its neighbours. One of the bones uncovered at Nahal Me'arot - a World Heritage site - had lethal wounds which suggested prehistoric men lived in peace with each other 80,000 years ago. [R4]



Stamps that looks like Paleontology related, but they are not

17.02.1998 "50 years since the War of Independence" [NP1]
Dinosaur on the War of Independence stamp of Israel 1998 Dinosaur on the War of Independence stamp of Israel 1998

Notes:

[NP1] In February 1998, Post Authority of Israel issued set of three stamps "50 years since the War of Independence".
The stamps issued in separate sheets and one common mini-sheet. These stamps represent the three battle fonts of Israel:
  • the central front, represented by the battles at the Castel, on the outskirts of Jerusalem, between the 2nd and 9th of April 1948
  • the northern front, represented by the battle for Zefat and liberation of the Jewish quarter in Zefat in May 1948
  • the southern front represented by the raising of the Israeli flag in Eilat on March 10th, 1949, marking the termination of combat in the War of Independence.
Every stamp shows some scenes from the battles on a the top side and modern landscapes of the cities on the bottom.
By the closer look on the margin of Zefat's stamps, a Dinosaur can be found on the bottom right margin.
Dinosaur sculpture  in old city of Zefat
Dinosaur sculpture in old city of Zefat, created by Israeli artist Arik Amir. Image credit: arik-amir.com
Dinosaur on stamp of Israel 1998
Dinosaur on stamp of Israel 1998 "50th Anniversary of Independence War", MiNr.: 1425l, Scott: 1325

Zefat, sometime written as Tsfat or Sefat, is a small city with population of 30.000. Since the 16th century, Zefat has been considered one of Judaism's Four Holy Cities, along with Jerusalem, Hebron and Tiberias; since that time, the city has remained a centre of Kabbalah, also known as Jewish mysticism.
There are only few museums in the city, none of it is about natural history.
In addition to its title as the city of Kabbalah, Safed is also known as a city of art. Many creative souls are attracted to and inspired by the winding, narrow, cobblestone streets of Safed's Old City, home to a bustling artists' quarter. Many small and middle size art galleries are located in the old-city.

One of the galleries is belong to Arik Amir, who is also known as "Arik the Animal Mimic" and "Arik the Sculptor", who was born in Tel Aviv in 1922.
In 1965 he purchased a ruined building in the artists' colony in the enchanted city of Zefat, which he renovated and called it "God's Little Acre". In the schools' summer vacation he commenced sculpting in iron, creating hundreds of sculptures. His home, "God's Little Acre" became a gallery with a permanent display of his works, and thousands of visitors from Israel and all over the world flocked to see it.
In early 1980th he produced many modern and fantastic animal iron sculptures. One of the biggest sculptures he made is 8m high stylized dinosaur, which stood outside of his gallery and attracted both young and adult persons who came across.
The iron-dinosaur appeared in newspaper and some postcards issued this time. Perhaps, the stamp designer used one of these cards as a source for his work.
Unfortunately, the dinosaur on the stamp is just an art object, not a fossil and not represent any real specie.



Commemorative postmarks of Israel related to Paleontology

Legend is here
05.12.2000 "Dinosaur, Judean Hills" [FDC] 28.08.2018 "Archeozoology in Eretz Israel" [FDC]
Dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Israel 2000 Skull of Lioness from Late Bronze Age on commemorative postmark of Israel 2018



References:



Acknowledgement:
  • Many thanks to Dr. Eli Moallem from Jerusalem, Israel, for his help to find some information about dinosaur on "50th Anniversary of the War of Independence" stamps.



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