Egypt

Fossils on stamps and postmarks of Egypt

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Contents:
Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
It is the world's only contiguous Eurafrasian nation. Most of Egypt's territory of 1,010,408 square kilometers lies within the Nile Valley. Egypt is a Mediterranean country. It is bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west. Egypt has one of the longest histories of any modern country, arising in the tenth millennium BC as one of the world's first nation states. Considered a cradle of civilization, Ancient Egypt experienced some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanization, organized religion and central government.

Foraminifera on stamps of Slovenia 1993
Foraminifera on stamps of Slovenia 1993, MiNr.: 50, Scott: 172
The first Egyptian stamps were issued on 1 January 1866. The second issue, in August 1867, depicting the Sphinx and Pyramids. These were the first stamps in the world depicting a historical subject. All Egyptian stamps up to 1914 used the Sphinx and Pyramids in their design.

Interesting fact:
The limestone blocks that the pyramids are made of mostly consist of nummulitic limestones – limestones consisting of the skeletons of Nummulites (a type of foraminifera that lived during the Eocene). Nummulites were single-celled organisms – but they were incredibly large – 4-5 cm in diameter! Their shells were disc-shaped and ornate. [R3]


Egypt joined the UPU in 1875. British, French, Italian, Austrian, Russian and Greek post offices operated on Egyptian soil, particularly in Alexandria and Port Said. British troops used special stamps inscribed BRITISH FORCES IN EGYPT or ARMY POST EGYPT. [R2]



Official stamps of Egypt related to Paleontology: fossils

09.10.1979 "100th anniversary of Egyptian Geological Museum" 10.02.2008 "Environment Day - Wadi El-Hitan the oldest world Natural Heritage Site in Egypt" [1]
Skeleton Arsinoitherium zitteli on stamps of Egypt 1979 Fossils of whale on stamps of Egypt 2008 Michel "Dinos - whole world" catalog 2019. Approx. 2500 colour illustrations 
					     and about 20 000 price quotations at approx. 328 paperback pages with Novelties up to 
						 MICHEL Rundschau 1/2019 have been catalogued in this edition

Notes:
[1] The strip of two stamps and a label in the middle shows whale fossils of Wadi (valley) El-Hitan the oldest world Natural Heritage Site in Egypt. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2005 for its hundreds of fossils of some of the earliest forms of whale, the Archaeoceti (a now extinct sub-order of whales). There are at least two color variations as shown below.
Color variation of Whale fossil stamps of Egypt 2008



Commemorative postmarks of El Salvador related to Paleontology: fossils

Legend is here
10.02.2008 "Environment Day - Wadi El-Hitan the oldest world Natural Heritage Site in Egypt" [FDC]
Fossils on commemorative postmark of Egypt 2008



References:
  •   [R1] Egypt: Wikipedia, WikiTravel, FlagCounter.
  •   [R2] Postal History and Philately of Egypt: Wikipedia,
              Links to official website of Post Authority, stamp catalog and list of new stamps of Egypt are here.
  •   [R3] Pyramids, forams, and Red Sea reefs: Field notes from Lorraine Casazza: ucmp.berkeley.edu.


Acknowledgements:
Many thanks to Dr. Peter Voice from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, for the draft page review and his very valuable comments.


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