Grenada (Grenadines, Carriacou, Petite Martinique)
Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, fossils, Charles Darwin on stamps of Grenada
is an island country in the British Commonwealth consisting of the island of Grenada
and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea.
Grenada is located northwest of Trinidad and Tobago, northeast of Venezuela, and southwest of
and the Grenadines.
Most of the population lives on Grenada, and major towns there include the capital,
St. George's, Grenville and Gouyave.
The country size is 344 square kilometres, with an estimated population of 110,000
Grenada was formed about 2 million years ago, much after dinosaurs are disappeared from the earth
as an underwater volcano.
Before the arrival of Europeans, Grenada was inhabited by Caribs who had driven the more peaceful Arawaks from the island.
Christopher Columbus sighted Grenada in 1498 during his third voyage to the new world.
settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves.
took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production.
In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export.
In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs.
Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent
countries in the Western Hemisphere.
The first stamps of Grenada were issued right after it gained
independence from Great Britain on 7th
February 1974 overprinted with "Independence. 7th
Stamps inscribed "Grenada Grenadines" were issued from 1973 to 1999 for the islands of the
Grenadines located to the north of Grenada.
Since 1999, stamps for the Grenadines are marked "Grenada Carriacou & Petite Martinique". [R2]
Since the 1980s, this country has issued many stamps per year and ranks as one of the countries that has
issued the most stamps per year.
Therefore, all stamps of Grenada are labeled as Undesired
Official stamps of Grenada related to Paleontology: dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, Charles Darwin
|13.04.1994 "Prehistoric Animals"
Other stamps of Grenada: contributors to Paleontology science
|29.04.1991 "Voyages of Discovery" 
||16.07.2007 "American Presidents" 
HMS Beagle on stamp from the set "Voyages of Discovery" of Grenada 1991
MiNr.: 2239, Scott: 1955
Thomas Jefferson among other American Presidents on stamps of Grenada 2007
MiNr.: 5882, Scott: 3651c
[O1] One of these stamps shows one of the most famous ships of scientific exploration - HMS Beagle.
HMS Beagle was a Cherokee-class 10-gun brig-sloop of the Royal Navy, one of more than 100 ships of this class.
On the second voyage a young naturalist named Charles Darwin
was on board; the pivotal role this round the world
voyage played in forming his scientific theories made the Beagle one of the most famous ships in history.
Darwin kept a diary of his experiences, and rewrote this as the book titled Journal and Remarks,
published in 1839 as the third volume of the official account of the expedition.
This travelogue and scientific journal was widely popular, and was reprinted many
times with various titles, becoming known as The Voyage of the Beagle.
This diary is where Darwin drew most of the ideas for his publications.
Darwin attributes his first real training in natural history to his voyage on the Beagle.
[O2] Thomas Jefferson "Farther of American Paleontology" depicted on stamp with
face value of 3c
is rightfully renowned as the principal author of the Declaration of
Independence, the Third President of the United States, and a champion of Liberty.
But he was also a central player in the beginnings of American paleontology
More information about Thomas Jefferson and his role in establishment of American Paleontology
can be read on "Contributors to Paleontology science
Other Islands of Grenada who produced some Paleontology related stamps
Grenada - Grenadines
is an island chain that is part of St.Vincent and Grenada. There are 32
islands and cays that make up St. Vincent and the Grenadines
(SVG). They are divided between the island nations of Saint
Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada. The islands north of
the Martinique Channel belong to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and
the islands south of the channel belong to Grenada.
|14.04.1994 "Prehistoric Animals"
||15.04.1997 "Prehistoric Animals"
Grenada - Carriacou snd Petite Martinique
Carriacou Island is the largest island of the
Grenadines, an archipelago in the Windward Islands chain.
The island is 34 km2 with a population of about 5,000 persons.
The neighbouring island of Petite Martinique with its 2.37 km2 and
population of 900, is smaller than Carriacou.
The residents of this island live by boat-building, fishing and seafaring.
Carriacou and Petite Martinique is known for its Regatta and Village Maroon.
|10.02.2005 "Prehistoric Animals"
||15.04.2005 "Prehistoric Animals"
||07.04.2014 "Rocks and Minerals" [OI1]
Mercenaria permagna shell on stamp of Grenada - Carriacou and Petite Martinique 2014.
Petrified wood on stamp of Grenada - Carriacou and Petite Martinique 2014.
[OI1] Mercenaria permagna
shell filled with calcite crystals
is depicted on the upper-right stamp of the pink mini-sheet.
is a genus of edible saltwater clam found in modern oceans and is
a type of bivalved mollusc in the family Veneridae (Venus clams).
The species Mercenaria permagna
is only known from fossils.
Fossil shells have been found in the sediments of
, United States
Petrified wood shown on bottom-left corner of the second (green) Mini-Sheet.
Dr. Peter Voice
from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, for the draft page review and his valuable comments.