Grenada (Grenadines, Carriacou, Petite Martinique)

Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, fossils, Charles Darwin on stamps of Grenada

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Contents:
Grenada is an island country in the British Commonwealth consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. Grenada is located northwest of Trinidad and Tobago, northeast of Venezuela, and southwest of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
Most of the population lives on Grenada, and major towns there include the capital, St. George's, Grenville and Gouyave.
The country size is 344 square kilometres, with an estimated population of 110,000.
Grenada was formed about 2 million years ago, much after dinosaurs are disappeared from the earth, as an underwater volcano. Before the arrival of Europeans, Grenada was inhabited by Caribs who had driven the more peaceful Arawaks from the island. Christopher Columbus sighted Grenada in 1498 during his third voyage to the new world.
The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. [R1]

The first stamps of Grenada were issued right after it gained independence from Great Britain on 7th February 1974 overprinted with "Independence. 7th Feb. 1974".
Stamps inscribed "Grenada Grenadines" were issued from 1973 to 1999 for the islands of the Grenadines located to the north of Grenada.
Since 1999, stamps for the Grenadines are marked "Grenada Carriacou & Petite Martinique". [R2]
Since the 1980s, this country has issued many stamps per year and ranks as one of the countries that has issued the most stamps per year. Therefore, all stamps of Grenada are labeled as Undesired.



Official stamps of Grenada related to Paleontology: dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, Charles Darwin

13.04.1994 "Prehistoric Animals" 15.04.1997 "Dinosaurs" 01.09.1999 "Dinosaurs"
Dinosaurs on stamps of Grenada 1994 Dinosaurs on stamps of Grenada 1997 Dinosaurs on stamps of Grenada 1999
23.10.2003"Prehistoric Animals" 10.02.2005"Prehistoric Animals" 21.08.2009"Charles Darwin"
Dinosaurs on stamps of Grenada 2003 Dinosaurs on stamps of Grenada 2005 Charles Darwin on stamps of Grenada 2009



Other stamps of Grenada: contributors to Paleontology science

29.04.1991 "Voyages of Discovery" [1] 16.07.2007 "American Presidents" [2]
HMS Beagle on stamp of Grenada 1991 Thomas Jefferson among other American Presidents on stamps of Grenada 2007

Notes:
HMS Beagle on stamp of Grenada 1991
HMS Beagle on stamp from the set "Voyages of Discovery" of Grenada 1991 MiNr.: 2239, Scott: 1955
Thomas Jefferson among other American Presidents on stamps of Grenada 2007
Thomas Jefferson among other American Presidents on stamps of Grenada 2007 MiNr.: 5882, Scott: 3651c
[O1] One of these stamps shows one of the most famous ships of scientific exploration - HMS Beagle.
HMS Beagle was a Cherokee-class 10-gun brig-sloop of the Royal Navy, one of more than 100 ships of this class.
On the second voyage a young naturalist named Charles Darwin was on board; the pivotal role this round the world voyage played in forming his scientific theories made the Beagle one of the most famous ships in history.
Darwin kept a diary of his experiences, and rewrote this as the book titled Journal and Remarks, published in 1839 as the third volume of the official account of the expedition.
This travelogue and scientific journal was widely popular, and was reprinted many times with various titles, becoming known as The Voyage of the Beagle.
This diary is where Darwin drew most of the ideas for his publications. Darwin attributes his first real training in natural history to his voyage on the Beagle.

[O2] Thomas Jefferson "Farther of American Paleontology" depicted on stamp with face value of 3c
Thomas Jefferson is rightfully renowned as the principal author of the Declaration of Independence, the Third President of the United States, and a champion of Liberty.
But he was also a central player in the beginnings of American paleontology.
More information about Thomas Jefferson and his role in establishment of American Paleontology can be read on "Contributors to Paleontology science" or USA catalog pages.



Other Islands of Grenada who produced some Paleontology related stamps

Grenada - Grenadines

The Grenadines is an island chain that is part of St.Vincent and Grenada. There are 32 islands and cays that make up St. Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG). They are divided between the island nations of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada. The islands north of the Martinique Channel belong to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and the islands south of the channel belong to Grenada. [R1]

14.04.1994 "Prehistoric Animals" 15.04.1997 "Prehistoric Animals" 01.03.1999 "Dinosaurs"
Dinosaurs on stamps of Grenada 1994 Dinosaurs on stamps of Grenada 1997 Dinosaurs on stamps of Grenada 1999


Grenada - Carriacou snd Petite Martinique

Carriacou Island is the largest island of the Grenadines, an archipelago in the Windward Islands chain. The island is 34 km2 with a population of about 5,000 persons.
The neighbouring island of Petite Martinique with its 2.37 km2 and population of 900, is smaller than Carriacou. The residents of this island live by boat-building, fishing and seafaring.
Carriacou and Petite Martinique is known for its Regatta and Village Maroon.
[R1]


10.02.2005 "Prehistoric Animals" 15.04.2005 "Prehistoric Animals" 07.04.2014 "Rocks and Minerals" [OI1]
Dinosaurs on stamps of Grenada 2005 Dinosaurs on stamps of Grenada 2005 Petrified wood on stamps of Grenada 2014
Notes:
Mercenaria permagna shell on stamp of Grenada - Carriacou and Petite Martinique 2014 Petrified wood  on stamp of Grenada - Carriacou and Petite Martinique 2014
Mercenaria permagna shell on stamp of Grenada - Carriacou and Petite Martinique 2014. Petrified wood on stamp of Grenada - Carriacou and Petite Martinique 2014.
[OI1] Mercenaria permagna shell filled with calcite crystals is depicted on the upper-right stamp of the pink mini-sheet.
Mercenaria is a genus of edible saltwater clam found in modern oceans and is a type of bivalved mollusc in the family Veneridae (Venus clams). The species Mercenaria permagna is only known from fossils. [R3]
Fossil shells have been found in the sediments of Russia, Japan, Indonesia, United States and Brazil.
Petrified wood shown on bottom-left corner of the second (green) Mini-Sheet.



References:



Acknowledgement:
Dr. Peter Voice from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, for the draft page review and his valuable comments.

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