Mozambique

Fossils, dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals and humans, petrified wood, Charles Darwin on stamps of Mozambique


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Contents:
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique is a country in Southeast Africa with a population of about 25 million people. The capital and largest city is Maputo. The area was explored by Vasco da Gama in 1498 and colonized by Portugal from 1505. After over four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique gained independence in 1975, becoming the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly thereafter. After only two years of independence, the country descended into an intense and protracted civil war lasting from 1977 to 1992. In 1994, Mozambique held its first multiparty elections and has remained a relatively stable presidential republic. Mozambique is one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world. [R1]

The postal history of Mozambique began with the Portuguese trading posts established at the beginning of the 16th century.
Michel-online and printed stamps catalog The territory began to use stamps in 1877, with the same design used in other Portuguese territories – a view of the Portuguese Crown.
Until 1998, Mozambique issued approximately 50 stamps per year.
The number of stamps issued began to increase in the 1990s – with 100 stamps in 1999 and more than 200 stamps in 2000. Most of the stamps had no link to the country.
In 2001, the country became a client of Stamperija, who currently produces many hundreds of stamps per year on the behalf of Mozambique.
Almost 700 stamps produced by Stamperija on behalf of Mozambique in 2018, for example. [R2]



Official stamps of Mozambique related to Paleontology: fossils, dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals and humans, petrified wood, Charles Darwin

15.01.1971 "Fossils and Minerals" 25.06.1975 overprint from 1971 24.09.1999 "Dinosaurs"
Fossils and Minerals on stamps of Mozambique 1971 Petrified woods on overprinted stamp of Mozambique 1975 Dinosaurs on stamps of Mozambique 1999
28.04.2000 "Prehistoric Animals" 17.06.2002 "Prehistoric Animals" 30.09.2002 "Famous People" [1]
Dinosaurs and prehistoric animals on stamps of Mozambique 2000 Dinosaurs and prehistoric animals on stamps of Mozambique 2002 Dinosaurs and Charles Darwin on stamps of Mozambique 2002
10.12.2007 "Dinosaurs" 30.11.2009 "Charles Darwin" 30.01.2010 "Volcanoes" [2]
Dinosaurs on stamps of Mozambique 2007 Dinosaurs and Charles Darwin on stamps of Mozambique 2009 Laetoli footprints on stamps of Mozambique 2010
30.04.2011 "Human Evolution" 30.04.2012 "Endangered and Extinct Animals" (multiple sets)
30.06.2012 "Charles Darwin"
30.10.2012 "Mary Anning, British Paleontologist"
28.02.2012 "Space Flight of Friendship 7, 50th Anniv." [3]
Human Evolution on stamps of Mozambique 2011 Dinosaurs, prehistoric animals, Charles Darwin, Mary Anning on stamps of Mozambique 2012 Prehistoric human on space stamps of Mozambique 2012
25.06.2013 "Dinosaurs"
25.09.2013 "Prehistoric animals and humans"
30.04.2014 "Dinosaurs" 15.04.2015 "Dinosaurs"
15.06.2015 "Dinosaurs"
15.06.2015 "Aquatic Prehistoric Animals"
15.08.2015 "Stamps on stamps"
Dinosaurs, prehistoric animals and humans on stamps of Mozambique 2013 Dinosaurs on stamps of Mozambique 2014 Dinosaurs and prehistoric animals on stamps of Mozambique 2015
15.01.2016 "Cave Painting"
15.01.2016 "Dinosaurs"
10.05.2016 "Dinosaurs"
10.08.2016 "Prehistoric humans"
10.11.2016 "Dinosaurs"
15.02.2018 "Dinosaurs"
15.02.2018 "Extinct animals"
15.04.2018 "The Natural History Museum in Berlin"
15.04.2018 "Flying dinosaurs" [4]
10.02.2019 "Dinosaurs"
10.02.2019 "Extinct birds"
10.04.2019 "Extinct animals"
10.04.2019 "Shells and Fossils"
10.06.2019 "Dinosaurs"
16.08.2019 "210th anniversary of Charles Darwin"
01.10.2019 "Dinosaurs"
Dinosaurs and prehistoric animals on stamps of Mozambique 2016 Dinosaurs and prehistoric animals on stamps of Mozambique 2018 Dinosaurs and prehistoric animals on stamps of Mozambique 2019
15.04.2020 "Fossils"
15.04.2020 "Flying dinosaurs" [4]
25.05.2021 "Dinosaurs"
Dinosaurs and prehistoric animals on stamps of Mozambique 2020 Dinosaurs and prehistoric animals on stamps of Mozambique 2020

Notes:
Prehistoric human on stamp of Mozambique 2012 Laetoli footprints on stamp of Mozambique 2010 [1] On 30th September 2002, Stamperia issued more than 200 stamps of famous personalities, some of them show dinosaurs and Charles Darwin.

[2] Laetoli footprints are shown on the stamp. Laetoli is a site in Tanzania, dated to the Plio-Pleistocene and famous for its hominin footprints, preserved in volcanic ash.
The site of the Laetoli footprints is located 45 km south of Olduvai gorge. The location and tracks were discovered by archaeologist Mary Leakey in 1976, perhaps she is shown on the stamp. The footprints were excavated by 1978.

[3] Prehistoric human on the background

[4] "Flying dinosaurs" is not the correct term to apply to the animals shown on these stamps. The animals pictured are pterosaurs.
Pterosaurs are a group of flying reptiles in the Archosauria. Reptiles in the archosaurs include crocodiles, dinosaurs, and pterosaurs.


Other stamps to consider: living fossil - Coelacanth/Latimeria

22.05.1998 "Expo ’98, Lisbon" [A1] 10.12.2007 "Fishes" [A1]
Coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae on stamp of Mozambique 1998 Coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae on fish stamp of Mozambique 2007, Click to enlarge

Notes:
[A1] Coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae, shown on stamp from 1998 and on one stamp from "Fish" mini-sheet from 2007.
On 20 February 1939, the stunning announcement was made that a Coelacanth (Latimeria) had been caught off the mouth of the Chalumna River near East London (a city in RSA).
At that time, the Coelacanth was thought to be extinct for nearly 70 million years.
The drama commenced on 22 December 1938, when Capt H Goosen, skipper of the trawler Nenrine, brought ashore a peculiar metallic-blue, heavily-scaled fish with fins resembling legs.
Miss Marjorie Courtenay-Latimer, Curator o the East London Museum, was informed of the strange catch, but was unable to identify the fish, which measured 1,5 m in length and weighed 57 kg. "Searching for African Coelacanths" exhibit of Susan Bahnick Jones explain the story of the "living fossil" discovery.



References:
  •   [R1] Mozambique: Wikipedia, WikiTravel, FlagCounter.
  •   [R2] Postal History and Philately of Mozambique: Wikipedia,
              "In quest for abusive and undesirable stamp issues" by Jari Majander, published in Nr. 29
              Links to official website of the Post Authority, stamp catalog and a list of new stamps of Mozambique are here



Acknowledgements:
Many thanks to Dr. Peter Voice from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, for the draft page review and his valuable comments.


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