Albert I of Monaco
founder of Institute for Human Paleontology (IPH) in Paris.
first scientific establishment of this type
in the world, the IPH, situated in Paris, came into being in 1910 under
the patronage of Prince Albert 1er, as a result of his meeting two of
the most famous founders of contemporary prehistoric archaeology,
Marcellin Boule and Abbe Henri Breuil. Currently directed by Professor
Henry de Lumley, the IPH takes on several missions : to manage
extensive prehistoric excavation sites, to carry out field
and laboratory research, to preserve a rich prehistoric heritage, to
diffuse and develop scientific culture, to provide facilities for
students and researchers.
Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes
(10 September 1788 – 5 August 1868), sometimes referred to as Boucher
de Perthes, was a French archaeologist and antiquary notable for his
discovery, in about 1830, of flint tools in the gravels of the Somme
valley. About the year 1830 he had found, in the gravels of
valley, flints which in his opinion bore evidence of human handiwork.
In 1847 he commenced the issue of his monumental three volume work,
Antiquités celtiques et antédiluviennes, a work in which he was the
first to establish the existence of man in the Pleistocene or early
Quaternary period. Although Boucher de Perthes was the first
establish that Europe had been populated by early man, he was not able
to pinpoint the precise period, because the scientific frame of
reference did not then exist.