Fossils of prehistoric animals and humans on stamps and postmarks of Indonesia

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Indonesia officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a sovereign transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia with some territories in Oceania. Indonesia comprises 17,508 islands and it is the world's largest island country. It has an estimated population of over 258 million.
Indonesia's republican form of government includes an elected legislature and president. Indonesia has 34 provinces, of which five have Special Administrative status.
The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. [R1]

The first stamp released by the Indonesia Post Administration, after the Proclamation on Indonesia’s Independence on 17 August 1945, were issued on 1 December 1946. The first issue has stamps showing a raging bull and a bull with an Indonesian flag – they were printed to commemorate half a year of independence. Printed in Yogyakarta with single color and two colors, using a simple printing technique. Most of Indonesian stamp in this period were printed and overprinted in Jakarta, Bandung, Yogyakarta, Pematangsiantar, Padang, Palembang and Aceh. [R2]

Official stamps of Indonesia related to Paleontology and Paleoanthropology: prehistoric humans, petrified wood, fossils

31.08.1989 "100th anniversary of Paleoanthropological Institute Indonesia" 20.05.1998 "Gemstones (INDONESIA 2000)" [1] 20.05.1999 "Gemstones (INDONESIA 2000)" [2]
Prehistoric humans on stamps of Indonesia 1989 Petrufied wood on stamp of Indonesia 1998 Silicified Coral on stamp of Indonesia 1999
29.02.2004 "Museums of Indonesia" [3] 31.08.2014 "125th anniversary of Paleoanthropological Institute Indonesia"
Hippopotamus fossil on stamp of Indonesia 2004 Homo erectus on stamps of Indonesia 2014

[1] Petrified wood. The stamp is also issued in sheet of 8 with 7 other stamps, other stamps showing minerals and gemstones

[2] Silicified Coral. The stamp is also issued in sheet of 10 with 9 other stamps, other stamps showing minerals and gemstones.

[3] These stamps shows some artefacts from various museums of Indonesia. One of them is the Bandung Geology museum. The Bandung Geology museum is the biggest and most complete museum in Indonesia of its kind. The museum has a large collection of fossils, of which about 6000 are on display and another 250,000 fossils stored in archives. One stamp in the set shows a fossil hippopotamus and the building of the Museum.

Other stamps of Indonesia to consider

10.08.1994 "100th anniversary of Zoological Museum in Bogor" [A1] 22.05.2000 "Latimeria menadoensis" [A2]
Skeletons of some modern animals from collection of Zoological Museum in Bogor on stamps of Indonesia 1994 Latimeria menadoensis on stamp of Indonesia 2000

[A1] Bogor Zoology Museum is a museum located located next to the main entrance of the Bogor Botanical Garden in the city of Bogor, Indonesia. The museum and its laboratory were founded on 1894 by government of Dutch East Indies during the colonial era. It contains one of the largest collection of modern, preserved fauna specimen in Southeast Asia as well as some fossilized remains of prehistoric animals.
Two skeletons of modern animals are shown on these stamps: Balaenoptera musculus (blue whale), which is the biggest of its kind in Indonesia and Rhinoceros sondalcus. [R3]

[A2] Latimeria menadoensis is the Indonesian coelacanth, discovered in 1998. It is one of two living species of Coelacanth, identifiable by its brown color. Separate populations of the Indonesian coelacanth are found in the waters of north Sulawesi as well as Papua and West Papua. [R3]

Until 1939, Coelacanth was known to the science from fossil record only. It appeared about 400 million years ago during the Devonian Period and was abundant over much of the world. The fish is also considered to have been the ancestors of land vertebrates. It was supposed that coelacanths became extinct about 66 million years ago.
On 20 February 1939, the strange fish was caught off the Chalumna River mouth near East London (a city in RSA). Miss Marjorie Courtenay-Latimer, Curator of the East London Museum, was informed of the catch, but was unable to identify the fish.
"Searching for African Coelacanths" exhibit of Susan Bahnick Jones explain the story of the "living fossil" discovery.

Some personalized stamps of Indonesia to consider: contributors to Evolution theory

08.11.2009 "150th anniversary of the Wallace Line" [P1]
Alfred Russel Wallace on personalized stamp of Indonesia 2009

Alfred Russel Wallace on personalized stamp of Indonesia 2009
Postamrk of UK 1958 - Centenary of Darwin and Wallace Evolution Theory
[P1] The stamp and the commemorative cover (on the right) was issued on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the Waalace Line.
It was releas in Ternate on 8 December 2009, during a celebratory event organized by the Indonesian Academy of Sciences (AIPI) with the Wallace Foundation and the city of Ternate.
The imaginary line, marking a geographical faunal discontinuity, was first described in a paper "ON the Zoological Geography of the Malay Archipelago", written by Alfred Russel Wallace in Ternate and prrsented to the Linnean Society on 3 November 1895.

Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) was a British naturalist, explorer, geographer, anthropologist and biologist.
He is best known for independently proposing a theory of evolution due to natural selection that prompted Charles Darwin to publish his own theory.
He was considered the 19th century's leading expert on the geographical distribution of animal species and is sometimes called the "father of biogeography".
For more details about Wallace contribution to Evolutionary Biology please go here.

Commemorative postmarks of Indonesia related to Paleoanthropology: flint tool, skull of prehistoric human

Legend is here
31.08.1989 "100th anniversary of Paleoanthropological Institute Indonesia" [FDC] 31.08.2014 "125th anniversary of Paleoanthropological Institute Indonesia" [FDC]
Flint tool on commemorative postmark of Indonesia 1989 Skull of Homo sapience on commemorative postmark of Indonesia 2014


Dr. Peter Voice from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, for the draft page review and his valuable comments.

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