Dinosaurs and other prehistoric
animals, fossils, Natural History Museums, anthropologists on stamps and postmarks of Hungary
a country in Central Europe, it is bordered by
to the north,
to the east,
to the south,
to the southwest,
to the west,
to the northwest, and
to the northeast.
The country's capital and largest city is Budapest.
Hungary is a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the Visegrád
Group, and the Schengen Area. The official language is Hungarian, which
is the most widely spoken non-Indo-European language in Europe.
After World War II, Hungary came under the influence of the Soviet Union
which contributed to the establishment of a four-decade-long communist dictatorship (1947–1989).
On 23 October 1989, Hungary again became a democratic parliamentary republic.
The postal history of Hungary is strongly linked to the history of Hungary.
Mail delivery on a countrywide basis was first organized by the Habsburgs under the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Until 1871, Hungary used the same stamps as other territories of the Empire.
The postal systems of Austria and Hungary were formally separated following the Compromise of 1867, with both
becoming fully independent after 1908.
The Hungarian Post was nationalized after 1947.
Until 1990, the Post Office controlled not only mail and package delivery,
but also the full range of telecommunications.
When the Post Office was split into separate companies, Magyar Posta JSC was established to
handle postal administration. [R2]
* There are no international country name on stamps of Hungary. MAGYAR
POSTA used on stamps before 1992 and MAGYARORSZAG (Hungarian name of the country) later on.
** Hungarian stamps from 1957 to 1992 are available in two variations: perforated and imperforated
Official stamps directly related to Paleontology and Paleoanthropology: fossils, dinosaurs, prehistoric plants, skulls of Neanderthal
Skull of modern human (Homo sapiens sapiens) on the left,
Skull of Neanderthal on the right.
Anthropologist Rudolf Virchow among other medicine Pioneers on stamp of Hungary 1989
MiNr.: 4063, Scott: 3216
 The stamp with face value of 6ft shows German pathologist and anthropologist
(1821-1902) and some bones of Homo sapiens neanderthaltnsis
Virchow became one of the leading opponents on the debate over the authenticity of the
Neanderthal, discovered in 1856 in Germany
, as distinct species and ancestral to modern humans.
He himself examined the original fossil in 1872, and presented his observations before the Berliner
Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologie und Urgeschichte.
He stated that the Neanderthal had not been a primitive form of human, but an abnormal human being,
who, judging by the shape of his skull, had been injured and deformed, and considering the unusual
shape of his bones, had been arthritic, rickety, and feeble.
With such an authority, the fossil was rejected as new species. With this reasoning,
Virchow "judged Darwin an ignoramus and Haeckel a fool and was loud and frequent in the
publication of these judgments."
 Fossils of Tyrannosaurus, Ammonite and flint tool from the collection of the museum
are depicted on the margin of the Souvenir-Sheet.
 Not all animals on these stamps are dinosaurs, but unfortunately many Post Authorities
of the world made the same mistake. The better name of these stamps should be
"The world of the Bakony prehistoric animals".
Other stamps of Hungary to consider: Natural History Museums
|20.08.1954 "5 years of Constitution" [A1]
||30.06.1987 "Antarctic Explorers" [A3]
||03.06.2019 "150th anniversary of the Hungarian Royal Geological Institute" [A2]
Hungarian National Museum on stamp of Hungary 1954,
MiNr.: 1384, Scott: 1085.
Ammonite and sand dollar on illustration of FDC of Hugary 2019.
Robert Falcon Scott on stamp of Hugary 1987, MiNr.: 3911A, Scott: 3079.
[A1] The blue stamp shows Hungarian National Museum.
The Animal Bones Archaeological Collection at the Hungarian
National Museum was created by Sándor Bökonyi in 1953, as the fifth
distinct collection in the Department of Archaeology.
The basis for the collection was provided by animal bone remains transferred from the
Prehistoric Collection and pieces recovered during archaeological excavations at that time.
The collection contains 78,513 examples of animal bone from a total of 388 find-sites.
The Hungarian National Museum’s Animal Bones Archaeological Collection
contains remains from every large mammal species inhabiting the
Carpathian Basin in the last 12,000 years, include original fossils of
prehistoric humans depicted on stamps in 1993
Moreover, part of the collection consists of documented bone remains from domestic animals
kept by the peoples living in the region, including livestock owned by the early Hungarians.
anniversary of the Hungarian Royal Geological Institute.
The Hungarian Royal Geological Institute was the first state center for
geological research in Hungary, whose foundation was approved by the Emperor Francis Joseph.
During the one hundred and fifty years of its existence, the institute has undergone numerous transformations and
currently it operates under the name of the Mining and Geological Survey of Hungary.
The first day cover
shows palaeontological finds (Ammonite and Sand Dollar) and the postmark
has a stylized
drawing of the building’s facade.
[A3] One of the stamps with the face value of 4fr. shows Robert Falcon Scott.
Robert Falcon Scott
CVO (6 June 1868 – 29 March 1912) was a Royal Navy officer and explorer
who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions: the Discovery expedition of 1901–1904
and the ill-fated Terra Nova expedition of 1910–1912.
Scott and his companions died on the second expedition.
When Scott and his party's bodies were discovered, 16kg of Glossopteris
(an extinct beech-like tree from 250 million years ago) fossils
from the Queen Maud Mountains found next to their bodies,
which they had dragged on hand sledges.
These fossils were promised to Marie Stopes
(shown on UK stamp in 2008
to provide evidence for Eduard Suess
's idea that Antarctica
had once been part of an ancient super-continent named Gondwanaland (now Gondwana).
For more details about Robert Falcon Scott, please go here
Postal Stationeries related to Paleontology: prehistoric animals
[PS1] Mammoth on a cachet of postal stationery of Nature Science Museum.
Paleontologic collection of the museum, include dinosaur and Ammonite are depicted on postage stamps
Commemorative postmarks of Hungary related to Paleontology and Paleoanthropology: fossils, dinosaurs, prehistoric plants, skulls of Neanderthal
Legend is here
Other commemorative postmarks of Hungary to consider: Hungarian Royal Geological Institute
Legend is here
|03.06.2019 "150th anniversary of the Hungarian Royal Geological Institute" [FDC] [A2]
Many thanks to Dr. Peter Voice from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University,
for the draft page review and his valuable comments.
- Many thanks to Mr. Alexander Pedchenko from Russia, for his help in finding some missing philatelic stuff of Hungary.