"JUVENIA, Teruel - Liopleurodon" (ATM stamp)
|Stamps in set
1 ATM-label with pre-printed design
x 4 design variations
x 4 values
A - Liopleurodon
A2 - Liopleurodon
B - Liopleurodon
C - Liopleurodon
||Teruel, Albarracín, Madrid
|Size (width x height)
||55mm x 25mm
||Roll of 1500 ATM-labels
||ATM vending machine
||Correos y Telégrafos S.A.
Between April 19th
and April 23rd
(the capital of Teruel Province in Aragon, located in eastern Spain)
hosted 3 philatelic events at the same time:
- the 61st National Philatelic Exhibition and Spanish Championship - EXFILNA 2023
- the 28th National Exhibition of Youth Philately and Spanish Championship - JUVENIA 2023
- the 5th European Championship of Maximofilia
For more details about these shows, please click here
In order to commemorate these events, "Correos" - Post Company of Spain, issued a
gummed stamp depicting the dinosaur
3 ATM-labels and 20 postmarks, including 5 First-Day-of-Issue postmarks
for ATM stamps, as well as some philatelic souvenirs.
These ATM stamps were on sale in Teruel and Albarracin (37km away from Teruel)
during the show's hours, as well as at the philatelic desk in Madrid.
One of the ATM-labels featured a skull of a prehistoric marine reptile - Liopleurodon
who lived during the Late Jurassic - 166 to 155 million years ago.
Announcement of Spain's Post about ATM stamps issue in April 2023.
Postmarks associated with the ATM stamps.
ATM-labels are semi-ready stamps.
Part or an entire design is pre-printed,
the skull of Liopleurodon and the text in blue color on the
right side of the stamp for example.
The face value and in some cases additional text or images are printed on the
label by the vending machine at the time of purchase.
The stamp vending machine is called an Automatic Teller Machine or ATM.
ATM vending machines can be installed inside or outside of the post offices and
print stamps on the ATM-labels.
These Spanish machines print text and simple images, such as the silhouette of
Liopleurodon, by thermic procedures on thermal self-adhesive labels.
The ATM-labels, usually loaded in the vending machines in rolls of several
hundreds or thousands of labels (1.500 labels in the Spanish machines).
In Teruel there are no (permanent) ATM machines or kiosks.
For the exhibition only, "Correos" installed the kiosk and the computer system in its
stand at the large tent temporarily placed in the Glorieta square.
The computer system included five Brother printers able to print the three different
ATM designs and its corresponding receipts.
At the kiosk, which can only print ATM stamps from two reels, the three designs were
alternated during the entire show.
In addition, "Correos" installed the one-day stands at Albarracín and Mora de Rubielos
(printing the castle design).
At these temporary stands they installed only one computer system with two Brother
printers (one for the ATM stamps and another for the receipts).
The ATM-label of the Liopleurodon
contain the following pre-printed Spanish text underneath:
"REPTIL MARINO LIOPLEURODON MAR NUMMUS (ALBARRACIN)"
- in English: Marine Reptile Liopleurodon
Mar Nummus (Albarracin).
The face value, date, place of the issue, additional image of Liopleurodon
silhouette and the stamp ID code, where printed by the vending machine on the left
side of the stamp.
Every stamp has a unique code on the bottom-left side.
For example: "P4ES23 AL23-5124-058".
Strip of 4 ATM stamps, printed in Albarracin on April 21, 2023.
The purchase number 5124, printer ID AL23.
Strip of 4 ATM stamps, printed in Teruel on April 19, 2023.
The purchase number 4637, printer ID ES01.
Both sides of ATM stamps - stamp numbers in a roll, printed on the reverse side.
The second stamp from the top (A2) have a design error -
the Liopleurodon image was misplaced and suppressed.
The code is built from two parts.
The first part contains the machine/printer code, the month number, the country code,
and a two-digit year.
In the example above (P4ES23), the P refers to the Brother printer, 4 refers to April,
ES refers to the international code for Spain (referring to the country's Spanish name
Reino de España), while the 23 refers to the current year, 2023.
The second part contain "machine/printer ID" -
"purchase number" (digits that increase with every purchase) -
"number of stamp in the purchase".
AL23-5124-058, on the example above, means:
"AL23" - the printer installed in Albarracin town,
"5124" - the purchase/order,
"058" - stamp number in the purchase.
The stamps purchased by an individual at the ATM are numbered starting from 001.
The following stamp combinations can be printed by the vending machine:
(1) single stamps with the four available postal tariffs,
(2) collectors strips of four stamps for domestic mail,
(3) collectors strips with the four-values set.
In one purchase operation one or a combination of 3 options can be ordered.
For example: 10 ATM domestic stamps,
plus three strips of four domestic stamps, plus five sets of four values.
Only these two last options include the printing of single receipts per item.
Then, the system prints one receipt as a summary or list of the complete operation
with the total, plus three receipts for the three strips of domestic stamps,
plus five additional receipts for the sets.
This allows the collector to have one single receipt per each collectors strip bought.
Therefore, stamp numbers on the invoices on the right, start not on 001, but
on 057, 005, 133 accordingly.
These ATM stamps were printed by printers/machines of two companies:
"P" - Brother and "B" - Intelligent AR Limited, at four locations:
machine code of Kiosk, temporary, installed at EXFILNA - JUVENIA, Teruel, at the Tent of the Plaza La Glorieta.
These stamps were available between April 19th and April 23rd.
(JUVENIA 2023): machine code of Desktop printers at EXFILNA - JUVENIA, Teruel, at the Youth Leisure Center.
These stamps were available between April 19th and April 23rd.
(ALBARRACIN 2023): machine code of desktop printer installed on April 21st
at the Correos stand next to Mar Nummus Museum in Albarracín.
The Liopleurodon has a different shape compared to the labels issued at Teruel.
(Madrid Clara Campoamor): machine code of Philatelic service printers of Madrid.
Correos company has only one postal kiosk (manufactured by intelligent AR in the UK).
The Postal kiosk is permanently installed at Madrid's post office, near the Correos Clara
Several times per year, for the main philatelic events, the staff moves the kiosk for
just a few days to the events.
From 19 to 23rd April, the kiosk was moved to EXFILNA in Teruel for example.
The rest of the year, it is possible to order ATM stamps of the different
designs released over the year (with a minimum order amount).
These ATM stamps printed the actual month number, but without
additional graphics (without Liopleurodon's silhouette, for example).
These ATM stamps were printed in four values: A, A2, B, C.
- Rate A - 0,78€. - "standardized" Ordinary National Letter or Postcard, up to 20 g.
- Rate A2 - 0,88€ - Letter or Ordinary National Postcard "standardized", from 20 to 50 g.
- Rate B - 1,65€ - "standardized" Ordinary International Letter or Postcard addressed to Europe
(including Greenland), up to 20 g.
- Rate C - 1,75€ - "standardized" Ordinary International Letter or Postcard addressed
to the rest of the world (except USA, Canada, Japan, Australia and New Zealand), up to 20 g.
The skull on the stamp shows the skull from the Mar Nummus Museum.
This museum is the headquarters of Territorio Dinópolis, located in Albarracín town
(37km away from Teruel).
The satellite Dinopolis in Albarracín was inaugurated on 1 July 2008 and it is part
of a Teruel-organised tour entitled Dinopolis-Jurassic Route, which addresses the
extraordinary diversity of Jurassic invertebrate marine fossils found in these areas.
The Mar Nummus Museum
Formed by a large central park in Teruel and seven more centers in eight locations in its province,
Dinópolis combines science and fun, so that visitor can live closely the fascinating world of dinosaurs.
A journey of 4,500 million years in which visitors hear the first heartbeat of the Earth,
discover how life arose and with it the most extraordinary creatures that have ever existed.
in Albarracín is dedicated to the living beings that lived in the sea that was in this area more than
150 million years ago.
At that time, the Sierra de Albarracín was covered by the Tethys Sea.
Jurassic marine fossils such as ammonites and sponges are on display at the Mar Nummus Museum.
Many of these fossils were discovered in the calcareous rocks that border
the Guadalaviar River and the roads that accompany it.
The fossils of marine reptiles are quite limited in Teruel, however.
A Pliosaurid vertebra was found at Jabaloyas village (the village where Mar Nummus is
located), is on the display in the museum.
The skull description label from the Mar Nummus Museum in Albarracín
Skull of Pliosaurus rossicus Novozhilov, 1948 on display at
Paleontological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow.
Image credit: Wikipedia
Skull of Pliosaurus rossicus on display in
Iwaki City Coal and Fossil Museum Horuru in Iwaki city, Japan.
Image credit: note.com
The skull of the Liopleurodon
on display in the Mar Nummus Museum is a replica of a skull of
(recent papers referred it as Pliosaurus rossicus
to illustrate to the general public the presence of this group of marine reptiles in the area.
Pliosaurs (meaning 'more lizard'), a group of large carnivorous marine reptiles
characterized by massive heads, short necks, and streamlined tear-shaped bodies.
Pliosaurs have been found as fossils from the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods
(about 200 million to 65.5 million years ago).
They are classified in the order Plesiosauria, along with their long-necked relatives,
Pliosaurs possessed powerful jaws and large teeth, and they used four large fins to
swim through Mesozoic seas.
Their diet would have included fish, cephalopods, and marine reptiles, including
Most species of Pliosaurus
reached 8 metres in length and 5 tons in body mass,
while Pliosaurus rossicus
and Pliosaurus funkei
may have reached
or even exceeded 10 metres in length and 11 tons in body mass, being the largest
plesiosaurs of all time.
Four strong paddle-like limbs suggest that Pliosaurus
was a powerful swimmer.
The hind flippers are longer than the fore flippers - a very unusual feature, as it is
the opposite case for most of the plesiosaurs.
The feature might enhance their ability to accelerate, desirable trait in an ambush
According to the label under the skull at the Mar Nummus Museum, this skull is a
replica of a Liopleurodon rossicus
skull from the Buinsk Mine Oil Shales,
Chuvashia (Russia) that is Jurassic in age.
(Original text: "Replica de craneo de Liopleurodon rossicus
, Jurasico Superior,
Buinsk Mine Oil Shales, Chuvashia (Russia)")
The full-size replica of the reptile, was mounted on the roof of the museum
(see a video below).
The postmark of Albarracin
reproduce the replica.
The first fossil of Pliosaur/Liopleurodon rossicus
was found in the
Buinsk shale mine, in Chuvashia region of Russia in 1937.
It was described and named by Soviet paleontologist Nestor Ivanovich Novozhilov in 1948.
The specific name is derived from the name of Russia, where the holotype was found.
The holotype of Pliosaurus rossicus
, PIN 304/1 is housed at the Paleontological
Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow and consists of cranial and some
postcranial remains of a relatively small pliosaur.
The fossils belonged to a very young pliosaurus who did not exceed 5m in length.
The skull, and reconstruction of the pliosaur were displayed on a
postage stamp of Russia in 2020.
The skull from the display in Mar Nummus Museum in Albarracín, looks different, as
the skull from Buinsk Mine Oil Shales have closed jaws.
Albarracín's skull resemble another Pliosaurus rossicus
's skull, discovered
in Russia - the best known fossil of Pliosaurus rossicus
known to date,
unearthed by fossil hunters near Ulyanovsk city of Russia in mid-1990th
and illegally moved to Japan, where it was perfectly prepared and mounted in
"Iwaki City Coal and Fossil Museum Horuru".
|Strips with all 4 values
AL23 - desktop printer (Brother) in Albarracin
JU23 - desktop printer (Brother) at EXFILNA - JUVENIA, Teruel
ES01 - Kiosk installed at EXFILNA - JUVENIA (Intelligent AR Limited printer), Teruel
MDCC - desktop printer (Brother) of Madrid.
It is the same computer system used in Teruel (JU23), but just
changing the code and some configuration (MDCC stamps does not include
the special graphics and are printed with no associated receipts).
Albarracin ATM stamp on domestic circulated letter, Spain 2023.
Teruel ATM stamp (variation 1) on domestic circulated letter, Spain 2023.
Teruel ATM stamp (variation 2) on domestic circulated letter, Spain 2023.
Madrid ATM stamp on domestic circulated letter, Spain 2023.
All letters above were posted on the first day of stamp issue and can be considered as FDC.
FDC with ATM stamp and postmark of Albarracin
FDC with ATM stamp and postmark of Teruel
|Example of circulated covers
This postmark was available between 10:00 on April 19th
and 14:00 on April 23rd at the tent Post Office in La Glorieta in Teruel.
The skull represents the skull of Liopleurodon from the exhibit of Mar Nummus Museum
This postmark was available between 10:00 and 14:00 on April 21st
at Philatelic Stand at Dinópolis in Albarracín.
The Liopleurodon on the postmark recall the figure of Liopleurodon installed
on the roof of the museum's building.
Example where the name of the month (April) is omitted.
The Liopleurodon image was misplaced and suppressed.
The Liopleurodon image printed on the wrong ATM-label.
It happened on the afternoon of 20th, during one hour only,
before the staff realized the error and changed the roll.
- Technical details and official press release:
Post of Spain -
ATM stamps of April 2023.
First-Day-of-Issue Postmark (Teurel).
First-Day-of-Issue Postmark ( ALBARRACÍN).
ATM Labels At EXFILNA-JUVENIA,
First Day Envelopes Of Exfilna, Juvenia And ATMs.
- ATM definitions:
- EXFILA and JUVENIA 2023, stamp shows:
- Mar Nummus Museum in Albarracin:
Many thanks to Mr. Josep Jove i Jove, the coordinator of
ATEEME, the international
philatelic group specializing in the study and collecting of variable value stamps,
for his help finding information about these stamps.
This group also runs an on-line store for ATM stamps -
Galeria ATM Gallery.
Many thanks to Dr. Peter Voice, PhD Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences,
Western Michigan University, USA, for his help in finding information and for review draft page of the article.
Many thanks to the staff of the Mar Nummus Museum in Albarracin
for their help in finding information about the skull of Liopleurodon.