Sri Lanka, officially
the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (formerly known as
Ceylon), is an island country in South Asia located about 31 km off the
southern coast of India. Sri Lanka has maritime borders with India to
the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest. Sri Lanka's documented
history spans 3,000 years, with evidence of pre-historic human
settlements dating back to at least 125,000 years.
After over two thousand years of rule by local kingdoms, parts of Sri
Lanka were colonized by Portugal and the Netherlands beginning in the
16th century, before control of the entire country passed to Britain in
1815. As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; its name was
changed to Sri Lanka in 1972.
Its geographic location and deep harbours made it of great strategic
importance from the time of the ancient Silk Road through to World War
II. Sri Lanka is a republic and a unitary state governed by a
semi-presidential system. The legislative capital, Sri Jayawardenepura
Kotte, is a suburb of the commercial capital and largest city, Colombo. [R1]
The first stamps for Ceylon were issued on 1 April 1857.The stamp
features a portrait of Queen Victoria and is brown in colour.
Sri Lanka is the only country to include details in a stamp in three
languages viz. Sinhala, Tamil and English. The first stamps marked Sri
Lanka were issued on 22 May 1972. [R2]
Official stamps of Sri Lankarelated to Paleontology and Paleoanthropology: fossils