Angola

Fossils, dinosaurs and prehistoric animals, Charles Darwin, Natural History Museum on stamps and postmarks of Angola

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Contents:
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in Southern Africa. It bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to west. The exclave province of Cabinda has borders with the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The capital and largest city is Luanda.
Although its territory has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Era, modern Angola started as a Portuguese colony. The colony for much of the past few centuries was limited to coastal settlements and trading posts.
In the 19th century, European settlers slowly and hesitantly began to establish themselves in the interior. As a Portuguese colony, Angola did not encompass its present borders until the early 20th century, following resistance by groups such as the Cuamato, the Kwanyama and the Mbunda.
Independence was achieved in 1975 after a protracted war of liberation. That same year, Angola descended into an intense civil war that lasted until 2002. It has since become a relatively stable unitary presidential republic. [R1]

A colony of Portugal since the 16th century, Angola was part of the Portuguese mail service. The first stamp of independent Angola was a 1.50-escudo value issued on 11 November 1975; it depicting a hand holding a rifle aloft, in front of a star. Initially the stamp program was conservative, with 20-30 stamps per year, but starting in the mid-1990s, large numbers of designs began to come out each year, eventually joined by adhesive labels inscribed "Angola" but not authorized by postal authorities and not valid for postage. [R2] At the end of 2018 Angola became a client of Stamperija, who start to produce hundreds of stamps a year.



Official stamps of Angola related to Paleontology: dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, fossils, Charles Darwin

31.10.1970 "Fossils and Minerals" 16.08.1994 "Dinosaurs" 28.12.1998 "Dinosaurs"
Fossils and minerals on stamps of Angola 1970 Dinosaurs on stamps of Angola 1994 Dinosaurs on stamps of Angola 1998
28.12.1998 "Dinosaurs" 10.12.2018 "Dinosaurs and minerals"
Dinosaurs on stamps of Angola 1998 Dinosaurs on stamps of Angola 2018 Prehistoric water animals on stamps of Angola 2019



Other stamps of Angola to consider: Natural History Museum

20.02.1990 "Architecture" [O1] 23.09.1999 "Ships" [O2]
National Museum of Anthropology on stamp of Architecture set of Angola 1990 HMS Beagle among other famous ships on stamps of Angola 1999
Notes:
[O1] The stamp with face value 5KZ shows National Museum of Anthropology.
The museum consists of 14 rooms spread over two floors which house over 6000 traditional pieces, including farm implements, hunting and fishing items, iron foundry, pottery, jewelry, musical instruments, women's rights memorabilia and photographs of the Khoisan people.
National Museum of Anthropology on stamps of Angola 1990 HMS Beagle among other famous ships on stamps of Angola 1999
National Museum of Anthropology, Angola 1990, MiNr. 783, Soott: 765 HMS Beagle, Angola 199, MiNr. 1382, Soott: 1088c
It is not clear if the museum has Paleoanthropology exhibits. [R3]

[O2] One of the 28 stamps of the set shows HMS Beagle.
HMS Beagle was a Cherokee-class 10-gun brig-sloop of the Royal Navy, one of more than 100 ships of this class. On the second voyage a young naturalist named Charles Darwin was on board; the pivotal role this round the world voyage played in forming his scientific theories made Beagle one of the most famous ships in history. Darwin had kept a diary of his experiences, and rewrote this as the book titled Journal and Remarks, published in 1839 as the third volume of the official account of the expedition. This travelogue and scientific journal was widely popular, and was reprinted many times with various titles, becoming known as The Voyage of the Beagle. This diary is where Darwin drew most of the ideas for his publications. Darwin attributes his first real training in natural history to his voyage on the Beagle. [R4]


Postmarks of Angola related to Paleontology: dinosaurs

Legend is here
16.08.1994 "Dinosaurs" [FDC] [PM1]
Dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Angola 1994 Dinosaur on commemorative postmark of Angola 1994
Notes:
[PM1] The same design of commemorative postmark, but in different colors: black and blue.



References:



Acknowledgements:
Many thanks to Dr. Peter Voice from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, for the draft page review and his valuable comments.


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