|Michel: 2888-2897 Scott: Stanley Gibbons: Yvert: UPU: GB025.10 Category: Co
|Stamps in set
| 1st class - Robert Boyle, Chemistry
1st class - Sir Isaac Newton, Optics
1st class - Benjamin Franklin, Electricity
1st class - Edward Jenner, Vaccination
1st class - Charles Babbage, Computing
1st class - Alfred Russel Wallace, Evolution
1st class - Joseph Lister, Antiseptic Surgery
1st class - Ernest Rutherford, Atomic Structure
1st class - Dorothy Hodgkin, Crystallography
1st class - Sir Nicholas Shackleton, Earth Sciences
|Size (width x height)
|stripe of 10 stamps 5x2 ; sheets of 30/60
|FDC x MC PP x1
|14.5 x 14.5
|Cartor Security Printing
|Royal Mail of Great Britain
Boyle (1627 1691) was a natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, inventor, and gentleman scientist, also noted for his writings in theology. He is best known for the formulation of Boyles Law. Although his research and personal philosophy clearly has its roots in the alchemical tradition, he is largely regarded today as the first modern chemist, and therefore one of the founders of modern chemistry. Among his works, The Sceptical Chymist is seen as a cornerstone book in the field of chemistry.
| Sir Isaac
Newton (1643 1727) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian who is perceived and considered by many as one of the most influential men in history. His Philosophi Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, is by itself considered to be among the most influential books in the history of science, laying the groundwork for most of classical mechanics. In this work, Newton described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion which dominated the scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. Newton was also president of The Royal Society. The 300th anniversary of Principia Mathematica was marked by a set of four stamps in 1987.
Franklin (1706 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America. A noted polymath, Franklin was a leading author and printer, satirist, political theorist, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, soldier, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. He was important in the development of scientific experimentation and invented the lightning rod, bifocals, the Franklin stove, a carriage odometer, and the glass armonica.
In between his other achievements, the polymath Franklin found time to examine fossils from Kentucky's Big Bone Lick. Stumped by what he found, collector George Croghan sent specimens to Franklin, who examined them in 1767. Franklin recognized some similarities to elephants, but also some important differences. In fact, he was looking at mastodon remains. He speculated that "perhaps the climates were differently placed from what they are at present." Widespread acceptance of the notion of extinction was decades away, and Charles Darwin's proposal of natural selection lay nearly a century in the future. Like Thomas Jefferson, Franklin preferred migration to extinction in explaining why the animals no longer lived in the same place. Although Charles Darwin's hypothesis was a long way off, Franklin was friends with the naturalist's grandfather, Erasmus Darwin.
| Alfred Russel Wallace,
Wallace (1823 1913) was a British naturalist, explorer, geographer, anthropologist and biologist. He is best known for independently proposing a theory of natural selection which prompted the joint reading of his and Charles Darwins papers on evolution in 1858, and spurred Darwin to publish his own theory the following year. Wallace did extensive fieldwork, first in the Amazon River basin and then in the Malay Archipelago, where he identified the Wallace Line that divides the Indonesian archipelago into two distinct parts, one in which animals closely related to those of Australia are common, and one in which the species are largely of Asian origin. He was considered the 19th century's leading expert on the geographical distribution of animal species and is sometimes called the "father of biogeography". Wallace was one of the leading evolutionary thinkers of the 19th century and made a number of other contributions to the development of evolutionary theory besides being co-discoverer of natural selection. These included the concept of warning colouration in animals, and the Wallace effect, a hypothesis on how natural selection could contribute to speciation by encouraging the development of barriers against hybridization.
Babbage, (1791 1871) was an English mathematician, philosopher, inventor and mechanical engineer who originated the concept of a programmable computer. Babbage was pictured on a 22p Scientific Achievements stamp in 1991.
Jenner (17 May 1749 26 January 1823) is widely credited as the pioneer of smallpox vaccine, and is sometimes referred to as the Father of Immunology. Jenner observed that milkmaids rarely got smallpox and concluded that exposure to the bovine disease cowpox conferred immunity a theory he tested and proved by injecting a child with pus from cowpox blisters. Jenners development of the smallpox vaccine was marked by a 20p stamp in the Patients Tale Millenium set in March 1999.
Lister, Antiseptic Surgery
Lister, 1st Baron Lister, (1827 1912) was an English surgeon who promoted the idea of sterile surgery while working at the Glasgow Royal Infirmary. He successfully introduced carbolic acid (phenol) to sterilize surgical instruments and to clean wounds, which led to reduced post-operative infections and made surgery safer for patients. The centenary of Listers discovery of Antispectic Surgery was marked by two stamps issued in 1965.
Rutherford, Atomic Structure
Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, (1871 1937) was a New Zealand born chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics. He discovered that atoms have a small charged nucleus, and thereby pioneered the Rutherford model (or planetary model, which later evolved into the Bohr model or orbital model) of the atom, through his discovery of Rutherford scattering with his gold foil experiment. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1908. He is widely credited as splitting the atom in 1917 and leading the first experiment to split the nucleus in a controlled manner by two students under his direction, John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton in 1932. He was also president of The Royal Society.
Dorothy Hodgkin, Crystallography
The stamp marks the centenary of the birth of Dorothy Mary Hodgkin, (1910 1994). She was a British chemist, credited with the development of Protein crystallography. She advanced the technique of X-ray crystallography, a method used to determine the three dimensional structures of biomolecules. Hodgkin was also the first female Briton to win a Nobel Prize. Hodgkin was also featured on a 20p Famous Women stamp in 1998.
| Sir Nicholas Shackleton,
Sir Nicholas John Shackleton was a British geologist and climatologist who specialised in the Quaternary Period. He was the son of the distinguished field geologist Robert Millner Shackleton and great-nephew of the explorer Ernest Shackleton.
In 1967 Cambridge awarded him a PhD degree, for his thesis entitled 'The Measurement of Paleotemperatures in the Quaternary Era'. Shackleton was a key figure in the field of palaeoceanography, publishing over two hundred scientific papers. He was a pioneer in the use of mass spectrometry to determine changes in climate as recorded in the oxygen isotope composition of calcareous microfossils. He also found evidence that the Earth's last magnetic field reversal was 780,000 years ago.
Shackleton became known, in 1976, with the publication of his paper, with James Hays and John Imbrie, in Science entitled 'Products in the Earth's orbit: Pacemaker of the ice ages'.Using ocean sediment cores, the researchers demonstrated that oscillations in climate over the past few million years could be correlated with variations in the orbital and positional relationship between the Earth and the Sun
|The First Day Cover Envelope was designed by Hat-trick Design. The filler card designed by Hat-trick Design contains an extract from the Royal Society's charter together with facsimile signatures of each of the individuals featured in the stamp issue.
|The FDC features the Royal Society FDC envelope together with the PSB Mixed Machin pane.
|Some personalized FDC
Inside the PSB Eugene Byrne looks at the history and role of The Royal Society, the book is
lavishly illustrated with objects from the society's archive.The book has been designed by Russell Warren-Fisher and contains four stamp panes, one of four stamps featuring two of Jenner and one each of Lister and Hodgkin, one of four featuring Boyle, Babbage, Wallace and Shackleton, another of four featuring Newton, Franklin and two of Rutherford and finally a mixed Machin pane of 4 x 54p and 4 x 22p.
The fully illustrated presentation pack contains all ten of The Royal Society Stamps. Inside
Eugene Byrne tells the story of each of the individuals on the stamps. The pack was designed by Hat-trick Design and printed by Walsall Security Printers
Special postmarks announced for the Day of Issue.
Official post marks.
Ref L11619 Spring Stampex The Royal Society First Day of Issue, London N1
|Ref L11629 Celebrating 350 Years of Excellence in Science The Royal Society, London SW1
Ref L11634 - London SW1
Ref L11639 - Evolution Wallace Road London W1
Ref L11630 - Carlton House Terrace, London SW1
Ref L11631 - Cambridge
Ref L11632 Gresham Street, London EC2
Ref L11633 - Hyde Park Corner, London SW1
Ref L11635 Chemistry, Whitchurch
Ref L11636 - Cambridge
Ref M11644 Newton Road, Birmingham
Ref L11640 London SW1 - "If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants" - Isaac Newton.
Latest update 27.12.2017
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