List of Professional Antropologist on philatelic items: stamps, covers, postmarks etc.



Abbe (Henri) Breuil (1877-1961) Abbe (Henri) Breuil on stamp
Henri Edouard Prosper Breuil, often referred to as Abbe Breuil, was a French archaeologist, anthropologist, ethnologist and geologist. He is noted for his studies of cave art in the Somme and Dordogne valleys as well as in Spain, Portugal, Italy, Ireland, China with Teilhard de Chardin, Ethiopia, Somaliland and especially Southern Africa.  









Raymod Dart (1893-1988) Raymod Dart on stamp
Australian-born South African palaeontologist and anthropologist who in 1924 discovered the first fossil remains of the australopithecenes, early hominids, near Taungs in Botswana. Dart named them Australopithecus africanus, and spent many years trying to prove that they were early humans rather than apes. Austalopithecus africanus was first discovered by Raymond Dart in 1925. He found a beautifully preserved skull of a juvenile, three to four years old. This skull, commonly known as the Taung Child, for Taung South Africa where it was found, is perhaps the best preserved fossil of A. africanus known. Australopithecus africanus has a somewhat dish shaped facial structure with teeth that are relatively large compared to modern humans. While it has larger front teeth compared to the back the emphasis is on back tooth grinding. As a result, a sagital crest is present on males for the attachment of large muscles.This creature is rather lightly built and has a small cranial capacity of about 440 cc on the average. It first appeared approximately 2.5 million years ago and had a rather short 1 million year existence.  Many anthropologists believe that A. africanus belongs on the line that leads to Homo.



Ales Hrdlichka (1869 -1943)
Ales Hrdlichka In 1881,Ales Hrdlicka immigrated with his family to the United States from Humpolec, Bohemia (presently located in the southern part of the Czech republic). After receiving his medical degree in New York in 1892, his interests gradually shifted from the biological basis of abnormal behavior to normal human variation and evolution. In 1903, he joined the staff of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C. and conducted research in physical anthropology there until his retirement in 1942 and death in 1943. Hrdlicka is widely recognized as an early pioneer in the development of American physical anthropology. His work can be traced to much of the current academic activity in physical anthropology at the Smithsonian and elsewhere.







Louis Leakey
(1903-1972) Louis Leakey on stamp
In the 1950s and 1960s, the Leakey family found more fossils of this type and of related types in the Olduvai Gorge of E Africa, establishing that Australopithecines were hominids, walked erect, made tools, and lived as early as 5.5 million years ago. After further discoveries in the 1980s, they are today classified as Homo sapiens australopithecus







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