2017 "The Cultural Epochs of Ukraine: Paleolithic Age"
Scott: Stanley Gibbons:
||S. Kharuk, O. Kharuk
|Stamps in set
||7.50 UAH - Upper of the Paleolithic Age,
7.50 UAH - Middle of the Paleolithic Age
|Size (width x height)
Stamps size: 38.28x24.36mm
||MS with 2 stamps
||SE "Intrgrated Printing Plant" Ukraina for
Production of Securities
||Ukrainian State Enterprise of Posts Ukrposhta
On January 20, 2017, Post authority of Ukraine
issued a Souvenir Sheet with two stamps inside: "The Cultural Epochs of Ukraine: Paleolithic Age
These stamps shows some scenes from Upper and Middle Paleolithic Age.
The Paleolithic period, also called the Old Stone Age, is a period in prehistory distinguished by
the original development of stone tools that covers about 99% of the period of human technological prehistory.
It extends from the earliest known use of stone tools by hominins about 3.3 million years ago,
to the end of the Pleistocene about 12.000 years before present.
A scene from the Middle Paleolithic Age stamps of Ukraine 2017,
MiNr.: 1597, Scott:
A scene from the Upper Paleolithic Age stamps of Ukraine 2017,
MiNr.: 1598, Scott:
The period divided to three ages:
- Early of Lower from 3.3 million to 300.000 years ago
- Middle from 300.000 years ago to 50.000 years ago
- Late or Upper from 50.000 years ago to 12.000 years ago
During the Paleolithic Age, hominins grouped together in small societies such as bands and subsisted by
gathering plants, fishing, and hunting or scavenging wild animals.
The Paleolithic Age is characterized by the use of knapped stone tools, although at the time humans
also used wood and bone tools.
Other organic commodities were adapted for use as tools, including leather and vegetable fibers;
however, due to rapid decomposition, these have not survived to any great degree.
Humankind gradually evolved from early members of the genus Homo—such as Homo habilis
who used simple stone tools—into anatomically modern humans as well as behaviourally modern humans
by the Upper Paleolithic.
During the end of the Paleolithic Age, specifically the Middle or Upper Paleolithic Age, humans began
to produce the earliest works of art and to engage in religious or spiritual behaviour such as burial and ritual.
There are many Paleolithic camps were found on the territory of modern Ukraine.
One of the most valuable and unique is Mezyn Paleolithic Camp
In the autumn of 1907, some large bones were found in the yard of the Cossack Koshel from the village of Mizyn
(Korop region, right bank of Desna River).
The news quickly spread and achieved some archaeologists, who made some excavation in the following year.
The Mezyn Paleolithic Camp known today as Mezin 22.
This site is a settlement of prehistoric people Cro-Magnons from the Late Paleolithic.
Remains, bones and skins, of over 100 individual mammoths, as well as many wolfs and deers, found at the site.
Many of these remains were used for construction of dwelling of hunters,
which they built from the bones of animals covered with their hides, like the "yurt" of the northern tribes.
One of such dwelling depicted on the cachet of the FDC.
The walls were erected with largest mammoth bones including skulls, pelvis, scapula, jaws, long bones and tusks.
The Mezinian dwellings show a real architectural evolution in the history of prehistoric architecture.
For the ﬁrst time, they have foundations, made by a circle of skulls.
There was a circle of pits of various sizes, depths and contents around the huts.
Some pits contain a certain number of large mammoth bones and have been interpreted for storing
reserve bones for the huts.
Some others contain various bones and artefacts and have been interpreted as garbage areas.
Hearths have been sometimes installed on the top of a pit, fulfilled by various artefacts.
On top of the bones and huts many art and tools artefacts were unearthed on the site:
ornamented figurines from mammoth ivory, meander bracelet and a painted set of musical instruments
made of animal bones.
In 1965 "Mezyn Archaeological and Research Museum"
(Мезинський народний археологічний науково-дослідний музей)
opened at the place of the Paleolithic site.
One of the dwellings from the camp is on display in the "National Museum of Natural Sciences of Ukraine" in Kiev.
Another one was donated to American Museum of Natural History.
||FDC posted as regular and registered letters
|FDC - reverse side
||FDC posted as regular and registered letters
- Technical details and brief overview:
"Philatelic Newsletter" of Ukranian Post (in English and Ukranian),
Reverse side of the First Day Covers.
- Paleolithic Period:
Ukraine in Paleolith time (istoryk.in.ua in Ukranian),
- National Museum of Natural Sciences of Ukraine:
official website (in Ukranian,
exhibition of Mezyn Paleolithic Camp (in Ukranian).
- Mezyn Paleolithic Camp:
Middle Paleolithic (Mousterian) in Eurasia,
Kolo Kray (in Russian),
paleontologylib (in Russian),
"The late Upper Palaeolithic site of Gontsy (Ukraine): A reference for the reconstruction of the hunteregatherer system based
on a mammoth economy Mezin Park", L. Iakovleva, F. Djindjian, E.N. Maschenko, S. Konike, A.-M. Moigne.
- Mezyn National Nature Park:
official website of the park (in Ukranian),
Ukraine at present.