Austria 2009 "200th anniversary of birth of Charles Darwin"

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Issue Date 24.11.2009
ID Michel: Bl. 57 Scott: 2234, Stanley Gibbons: MS3009, Yvert et Tellier: BF59, Category: Dw
Designer Robert Trsek
Stamps in set 3
Value Euro 0.55 x3
Emission/Type commemorative
Issue place Vienna
Size (width x height) stamps: 29.6mm x 38.5mm
Mini-Sheet: 130mm x 65mm
Layout 3 stamps in block
Products FDC x1
Perforation 14 x 13.75
Print Technique Lithography + photogravure, multicolor
Printed by Österreichische Staatsdruckerei GmbH
Quantity 250,000 Mini-Sheets
Issuing Authority Osterreich Post AG
200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin stamps of Austria 2009

On 24th November, 2009, the Post of Austria, issued the stamp "200th anniversary of birth of Charles Darwin"
As the founder of modern evolutionary theory, Charles Darwin (1809-1882) is without doubt one of the most important scientists of all times. His work had a fundamental influence on biology and geology include paleontology and was of major importance for subsequent ideas.
After an averagely successful school career and the abandonment of his university studies, the life of the young Charles Darwin was to change fundamentally on December 27, 1831. It was on this day that he became a member of a voyage of discovery that he later referred to as “by far the most important event in my life”. On HMS Beagle under Captain Robert FitzRoy, Darwin spent five years travelling and exploring the world: the Cape Verde Islands, the Falkland Islands, the coast of South America, the Galapagos Islands, Patagonia, South Africa, Mauritius, etc. On his return he not only brought a Galapagos turtle with him (which incidentally only died in November 2006 at the age of 176), but a mass of drawings and findings that were to form the basis for his most important work, “The Origin of the Species". This book was published in 1859 and sold out almost immediately. Sceptics criticised his theory (and still do) as blasphemous, since, contrary to the Christian story of creation, Darwin argued that the various species were the consequence of adjustments to their habitat (“survival of the fittest”) and had thus developed in different directions. The scientific world, however, quickly acknowledged the sensational and well-founded conclusions.

Charles Darwin, who later became a member of the Royal Society, published around 20 further works in the course of the years, ranging from studies on coral reefs, meat-eating plants and orchids to the origin of mankind, his no doubt most disputed scientific theory.
There is no doubt that his revolutionary discoveries (and his often caricatured ideas) give Charles Darwin a strong presence even today; they are still deeply rooted in public awareness. Thus in 1982, Darwin took 16th place in the list of the most influential persons in history, while in Great Britain, he was placed fourth of the "100 greatest Britons”. 200 years after Darwin's birth, the theory of evolution he founded and that has since been continuously further developed, forms the fundamental paradigm for biology. Thanks to it, all the biological subdisciplines such as zoology, botany, behavioral research, embryology and genetics are brought under one roof- according to the oft quoted sentence “Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution”. This new commemorative block is a tribute to one of the greatest researchers of all times.


FDC Black print [1] First-Day-of-Issue Postmark
FDC 200th anniversary of birth of Charles Darwin of Austria 2009 Black print 200th anniversary of birth of Charles Darwin of Austria 2009 Charles Darwin on postmark of Austria 2009


[1] The Black Print is an ungummed, imperforate proof printed in black from the original printing plates. Black prints were distributed by the Austrian Post but are not valid postage.

References: on Facebook - Welcome to join !
Information brochure of Austrian Post (in German, English and French)

Many thanks to Dr. Peter Voice from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, for his help to find an information for this article, the draft page review and his very valuable comments.

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