Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals on stamps and postmarks of Kazakhstan
, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country in
northern Central Asia and Eastern Europe.
Kazakhstan is the world's largest landlocked country, with estimated population of 18 million.
Given its large land area, its population density is among the lowest, at less than 6 people per square kilometer.
The capital is Astana, where it was moved in 1997 from Almaty, the country's largest city.
Kazakhstan is the dominant nation of Central Asia economically, generating 60% of the region's GDP,
primarily through its oil/gas industry.
Kazakhstan has vast mineral resources.
It shares borders with
The country also borders a large portion of the Caspian Sea’s shoreline.
The terrain of Kazakhstan includes flatlands, steppe, taiga, rock canyons, hills, deltas, snow-capped mountains, and deserts.
The territory of Kazakhstan has historically been inhabited by nomadic groups and empires.
In the 13th
century, the territory was subjugated by the Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan.
The Russians began advancing into the Kazakh steppe in the 18th
and by the mid-19th
century, they nominally ruled all of Kazakhstan as part of the Russian Empire.
Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, and subsequent civil war, the territory of Kazakhstan was reorganised several times.
Kazakhstan was the last of the Soviet republics to declare independence during the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Under the Soviet Union
, the Kazakh SSR postal service was an integral
part of the Soviet system.
The republic was periodically recognized in sets of stamps honoring the different parts of the USSR.
Kazakhstan became independent in December 1991 and wasted no time in organizing its own post.
Official stamps of Kazakhstan related to Paleontology: dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals
Some stamps of Kazakhstan to consider: fossil sites
|06.11.2017 "Karatau Nature Reserve" [A1]
[A1] Karatau Nature Reserve is a wildlife refuge in the mid-part of the Karatau Mountains, near Kyzylkum,
Betpak-Dala and Moiynkum deserts in the South Kazakhstan Region of Kazakhstan, in Central Asia.
The reserve was founded in 2004 and has a territory around 34 300 ha.
Some 700 species of plants constitute its flora, 62 species are endemic.
"Karatau Jurassic lake" located on the territory of the Reserve.
Fossils of many Jurassic animals and plants were discovered at this site for the first time
at the middle of 19th
One of unique fossils found in the site is a pterosaur Sordes pilosus
from the family Rhamphorhynchidae
Reconstruction of Sordes
was depicted on the Soviet stamp in 1990
The genus was named in 1971 by the Soviet
paleontrologist Aleksandr Grigorevich Sharov.
The holotype of Sordes pilosus
shows remains of the soft parts, such as membranes and hair.
The wing membrane, of the pterosaur, was supported not only by the fingers, but also by the legs.
This was the first unequivocal proof that pterosaurs had a layer of fur.
The integument served as insulation, an indication the group was warm-blooded, and provided a
streamlined flight profile.
Commemorative postmarks of Kazakhstan related to Paleontology: dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals
Legend is here
- [R1] Kazakhstan:
- [R2] Postal History and Philately of Kazakhstan:
Links to official website of the Post Authority, stamp catalog and a list of new stamps of Kazakhstan are here
- [R3] Karatau Nature Reserve:
official website (in Russian and Kazahstanian),
"JURASSIC LAKE OF KARATAU: THE PRESENT STATE OF THE UNIQUE LOCATION OF THE FOSSIL FLORA AND FAUNA" (in Russian),
- [R4] Sordes:
Sharov, A. G. 1971. "Noviye letayushchiye reptilii is Mezozoya Kazakhstana I Kirgizii".
Trudy Paleontologicheskii Institut, Akademiya Nauk SSSR 130:104–113.
Translated by Konstantin Rybakov, 2021.
Many thanks to Dr. Peter Voice
from Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University,
for the draft page review and his valuable comments.