formerly known as Turkmenia is a country in Central Asia.
Turkmenistan has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries.
In medieval times, Merv was one of the great cities of the Islamic
world and an important stop on the Silk Road, a caravan route used for
trade with China until the mid-15th century.
Annexed by the Russian Empire in 1881, Turkmenistan later figured
prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. In 1924,
Turkmenistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, Turkmen
Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR); it became independent upon the
dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Turkmenistan possesses the
world's fourth largest reserves of natural gas resources. Most of the
country is covered by the Karakum (Black Sand) Desert. [R1]
The first stamps of Turkmenistan were issued on 26 April 1992.
Before then, Turkmenistan used stamps of the Soviet Union.
Unlike other ex-Soviet republics, Turkmenistan did not overprint Soviet
stamps to meet their postal needs after independence, although a number
of overprints were carried out on Turkmenistan stamps in 1992 and 1992. [R2]
Any Paleontology or Paleoanthropolgy stamp issued in the
country to date. In 1994 some stamps of prehistoric animals are
planned. However the work of German design company was not approved,
only few proofs of the not issued stamps are exist. The stamps adjusted
by the design company to Tajikistan.