Bulgaria
Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, Nature History Museum, Charles Darwin on stamps and postmarks of Bulgaria

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Contents:
Bulgaria, officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east.
Bulgaria's population of 7.4 million people is predominantly urbanised and mainly concentrated in the administrative centres of its 28 provinces. Most commercial and cultural activities are centred on the capital and largest city, Sofia. The strongest sectors of the economy are heavy industry, power engineering, and agriculture, all of which rely on local natural resources. [R1]

Bulgaria liberated itself from the Ottoman Empire in 1878 and, although it remained de jure autonomous until the proclamation of full independence in 1908, it acted as a de facto independent country. From 1879, stamps were issued in Bulgarian Cyrillic script. [R2]



Official stamps of Bulgaria related to Paleontology: dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, Charles Darwin

29.05.1971 "Prehistoric animals" [1] 19.06.1990 "Dinosaurs" 27.04.1994 " Prehistoric animals"
Prehistoric animals on stamps of Bulgaria 1971 Prehistoric animals on stamps of Bulgaria 1990 Prehistoric animals on stamps of Bulgaria 1994
24.04.2003 "Prehistoric animals" 06.02.2009 "200 anniversaries of famous persons" [2]
Prehistoric animals on stamps of Bulgaria 2003 Charles Darwin among other famous persons on stamps of Bulgaria 2009

Notes:
[1] The first pictorial set of stamp that shows prehistoric animals, issued in Poland in 1965 and was dedicated mostly for dinosaurs.
The first stamps set dedicated to prehistoric mammals issued in Romania one year later. This Bulgarian stamps set is the only second stamps set ever that dedicated to prehistoric mammals.

[2] Charles Darwin on a block and one of the stamps from "200 anniversaries of famous persons" set.


Other stamps of Bulgaria to consider: contributors to Paleontology science (Carl Linnei), Natural History museum etc.

15.02.1958 "Famous persons (III) " [A1] /td> 26.10.1964 "Landscapes, definitive set" [A3] 24.03.2009 "120th anniversary of National Museum of Natural History" [3]
Carl Linnei on famous persons stamps of Bulgaria 1958 Pobiti Kamani on landscape stamp of Bulgaria 1964 National Museum of Natural History on stamps of Bulgaria 2009
24.11.2010 "Bulgarian regions" [A3] 18.10.2018 "Extinct animals" [A4]
Pobiti Kamani on Bulgarian region stamp of Bulgaria 2010 Extinct animals on stamps of Bulgaria 2018

Notes:
Deinotherium giganteum on FDC illustration of Natural History Museum stamp of Bulgaria 2009 Carl LInnei on famous person stamps of Bulgaria 1958 [A1] Carl Linnei is on stamp of ст.40. Carl Linnei (1707 - 1778) Sweden Carl Linnaeus, was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist,who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of binomial nomenclature uses in all biology related since, include paleontology. He is known as the father of modern taxonomy, and is also considered one of the fathers of modern ecology.

[A2] Deinotherium giganteum depicting on illustration of official FDC.
Skull of Deinotherium was also depicting on postmark of prehistoric animal stamp's FDC. Deinotherium was a large prehistoric relative of modern-day elephants that appeared in the Middle Miocene and survived until the Early Pleistocene.

[A3] The stamp on the right side is a part of 6 value set from 1964, of some Bulgarian landscapes and the stamp on the left, part of a block of 4 stamps from 2010, shows Pobiti Kamani (Bulgarian: Побити камъни), also known as The Stone Desert, is a desert-like rock phenomenon located on the north west Varna Province border in Bulgaria (not petrified wood).
Pobiti Kamani on stamp of Bulgaria 1964 Pobiti Kamani on stamp of Bulgaria 2010 It is considered the only desert in Bulgaria and one of few found in Europe. The desert consists of sand dunes and several groups of natural rock formations on a total area of 13 km². The formations are mainly stone columns between 5 and 7 meters high and from 0.3 to 3 meters thick. The columns do not have solid foundations, but are instead hollow and filled with sand, and look as if they were stuck into the surrounding sand, which gives the phenomenon its name. Sandstorms and sand twisters have also been known to commonly occur in this desert region of Bulgaria. There are a number of theories regarding the phenomenon's origin, divided roughly into two groups — supporting an organic or a mineral origin. According to the former, the formations are the result of coral activity, while the latter explain the phenomenon with the prismatic weathering and desertification of the rocks, the formation of sand and limestone concretions, or lower Eocene bubbling reefs. [R3]

[A4] On October 18th, 2018, Bulgaria issued stamps set of "Extinct animals". The stamp set issued in a block with normal paper and with paper which is able to reflect UV-light and shows the following animals:

The aurochs (Bos primigenius), the Steller's sea cow (Hydrodamalis gigas), the Tasmanian tiger (Thylacinus cynocephalus), the great auk (Pinguinus impennis) The aurochs (Bos primigenius) on extinct animal stamps of Bulgaria 2018

The aurochs, is an extinct species of large wild cattle that inhabited Europe, Asia, and North Africa. It is the ancestor of domestic cattle; it has also been suggested as an ancestor genetically to the modern European bison, which have been crossbred with steppe bison. The species survived in Europe until 1627, when the last recorded aurochs died in the Jaktorów Forest, Poland. [R4]
Due the fact that the aurochs appears on many prehistoric cave paintings it can be consider for PaleoPhilately collectors. The stamp with the Auerochs issued also in a block and it appears on associated postal stationery. The postmark on first day cover (FDC) shows its skull and its fossil shown on illustration of the cover.



Postal stationery of Bulgaria related to Paleontology: fossils, dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals

24.04.2003 "Prehistoric animals" 24.03.2009 "120th anniversary of National Museum of Natural History" [3]
Dinosaur on cachet of postal stationery of Bulgaria 2003 Deinotherium on cachet of postal stationery of Bulgaria 2009



Commemorative postmarks of Bulgaria: fossils, dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals

Legend is here
29.05.1971 "Prehistoric animals" 19.06.1990 "Dinosaurs" 27.04.1994 " Prehistoric animals"
Deinotherium skull on postmark of Dinosaur stamps FDC from Bulgaria 1971 Iguanodon on postmark of Dinosaur stamps FDC from Bulgaria 1990 Dinosaur in egg on postmark of prehistoric animals stamps FDC from Bulgaria 1991
24.04.2003"Prehistoric animals"
Dinosaur fossil on postmark of prehistoric animals stamps FDC from Bulgaria 2003



References:



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