Cephalopods



Nautilids and Ammonites worldwide - the world of Cephalopods and their reflection in Philately "Nautilids and Ammonites worldwide - the world of Cephalopods and their reflection in Philately", by Hans Ulrich Ernst, Christian Klug. Published in 2011.

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The Cephaopods (in Greek meaning animal with foot near head) are exclusively marine and the most highly evolved of all mollusks. They boast the largest, fastest and most intelligent members of the marine invertebrates.
Cephalopods include the modern nautilus, the argonauts, squids and octopuses and extinct ammonoids and belemnites. They were one of the most important predators in the Palaeozoic and Mesozoic oceans. Cephalopods have an extensive fossil record, particularly ammonoids have played important role in Stratigraphy.
Cephalopods are classified on the basis of their nature of shell and soft parts like the number of gills, number of arms etc. Thus class Cephalopoda is divided in to three subclasses as
  1. Coleoidea (From Greek Coleo/KoIeos -Sheath or Scabbard) (Age: Devonian - Recent) Cephalopds with internal shells; chambered in some, reduced in others; ten or eight arms grouped around mouth. Dibranchiate, includes the internally shelled belemnoids as well as the soft-bodied squid and octopus.
  2. Nautiloidea (From Greek Nautilos -Sailor) (Age: Cambrian - Recent) Cephalopods with coiled or straight external shells with simple chamber walls; siphuncle central. Tetrabranchiate, includes nautilus.
  3. Ammonoidea (From 'horn of Ammon' the Egyptian God of Life and Reproduction with the horns of ram) (Age: Devonian - Cretaceous) Cephalopods with mostly coiled external shells with complex suture walls; Number of gills unknown, includes goniatites, ceratites and the proper ammonites.

These two posters are provided by Dr. Ajit .V. Vartak Dept.of Geology & Petroleum Tech. , Nowrosjee Wadia College Pune 411001 India.
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Cephalopods: Present and Past on Postal Stamps, by Dr. Ajit .V. Vartak Recent Cephalopods on postal stamps: diversity and global distribution, by Dr. Ajit .V. Vartak