Croatia 1995 "The Anniversary of Croatian Science I"

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Issue Date 30.10.1995
ID Michel: 349-351, Scott: 269-271, Stanley Gibbons: 397-399, Yvert et Tellier: 324-326, Category: pP
Design Hrvoje Sercar, painter and graphic designer, Zagreb
Ratko Janjic, academic painter, Zagreb
Darko Jakic, academic painter and graphic artist from Zagreb
Stamps in set 3
Value 1 kn - Spiridon Brusina
2,2 kn - Bogoslav Sulek
Emission/Type commemorative
Places of issue Zagreb
Size (width x height) 29.82mm x 35.50mm
Products FDC x1
Paper white 115g, gummed
Perforation 14
Print Technique Multicoloured offset print
Printed by "Zrinski" - Cakovec
Quantity 350.000 each
Issuing Authority The Croatian Post and Telecommunications

On October 30th, Croatian Post and Telecommunications issued the set of three stamps "The Anniversary of Croatian Science".
Spiridion Brusina on stamp of Croatia 1995
Spiridion Brusina, born in 1845 in Zadar, studied natural history at Vienna University and soon after his first appointment as head of the Natural sciences Department of the National Museum, he established an independent Zoology section and began to organize and develop the Zoological Museum.
He was among the first to notice the importance of scientific research into the depths of the Adriatic and claimed the sea was a source of life and living species.
He was the founder of maritime biology in Croatia.
He was particularly interested in birds and set up the beginnings of ornithology in Croatia.
He analyzed and classified 600 fossil species.

Bogoslav Sulek on stamp of Croatia 1995
Book of Faust Vrancic on stamp of Croatia 1995
He has been recognized for popularizing scientific research in Croatia. Natural scientists throughout Europe named in his honor about 50 species.

Bogoslav Sulek was born in 1816 in Slovakia.
He studied in Pozun (today Bratislava) and attended the Evangelist College where he read philosophy, theology, law and natural science.
At the end of 1838 he came to Brod on Sava. He studied Croatian and started correspondence with Ljudevit Gaj. Sulek's interest in philology resulted in writing a dictionary that was published in 1860 as the two-volume "German-Croatian Dictionary".
The Ilyrian Movement kept alive the awareness of the importance of the Croatian language in schools and cultural institutions in Croatia.
Sulek spent ten years working as chief editor of the dictionary. The dictionary of scientific terminology was published in 1875.
The title was "Hrvatsko-Njemacki-Talijanski rjecnik znanstvenog nazivlja".

Faust Vrancic, who was born in 1551 in Šibenik, studied at the Padua University and later became a secretary to the emperor and king Rudolf II at a royal court in Prague, where he came in contact with many scientists and scholars.
He published several works on ethics, theology, history, philology and technology. In 1595 he published his worldwide famous dictionary of "the five most respectable European languages" under the title "Dictionarium Quinque Nobilissimarum Evropae Linguarum, Latinae, Italicae, Germanicae, Dalmatinae, Ungaricae".
All Croatian entries are in Vranicic's Chakavian dialect with some elements of the Slokavian dialect. The "Dictionarium" is the first comprehensive dictionary of the Croatian and Hungarian languages.

Products and associated philatelic items

FDC First-Day-of-Issue Postmark Special Cover
THE ANNIVERSARY OF CROATIAN SCIENCE FDC of Croatia 1995 Spiridion Brusina on commemorative cover of Croatia 1995 Spiridion Brusina on commemorative cover of Croatia 1995 on Facebook - Welcome to join !
  • Technical details and short description of the stamps:
    Croatian Post (the article doesn't available anymore), Colnect.

Many thanks to Dr. Peter Voice, PhD Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, USA, for review of a draft of this article.

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