Tunisia, officially the
Republic of Tunisia is the northernmost country in Africa,
covering 165,000 square kilometres. Its northernmost point, Cape
Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is
bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast,
and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population
was estimated to be just under 11 million in 2014. Tunisia's name is
derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on Tunisia's
northeast coast. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative
democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in
the Arab World. The French conquest of Tunisia occurred in 1881.
Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the
Tunisian Republic in 1957.