Finland, officially the Republic of
Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic
Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east. Finland's
population is 5.52 million (2018), and the majority of the population
is concentrated in the southern region. Finland was inhabited when the
last ice age ended, approximately 9000 BCE. The first settlers left
behind artefacts that present characteristics shared with those found
in Estonia, Russia, and Norway. The earliest people were
hunter-gatherers, using stone tools.
From the late 13th century, Finland gradually became an integral part
of Sweden through the Northern Crusades and the Swedish
part-colonisation of coastal Finland, a legacy reflected in the
prevalence of the Swedish language and its official status. In 1809,
Finland was incorporated into the Russian Empire as the autonomous
Grand Duchy of Finland.
Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, Finland declared itself
independent. In 1918, the fledgling state was divided by civil war,
with the Bolshevik-leaning Red Guard supported by the equally new
Soviet Russia, fighting the White Guard, supported by the German
Empire. After a brief attempt to establish a kingdom, the country
became a republic. During World War II, the Soviet Union sought
repeatedly to occupy Finland, with Finland losing parts of Karelia,
Salla, Kuusamo, Petsamo and some islands, but retaining their
Finland has produced postage stamps for use since 1856..
So far Finland
issue no single stamp related to Paleontology, but only one
commemorative postmark with mammoth.
postmarks of Finland related to Paleontology: mammoth
[FDC] - Post Marks used on FDC of official stamp
[PM] - Permanent postmark: available for a long period of time
[Sp] - Special postmark: issued for special event and was available for
short period of time
[N] - new design of early introduced postmarks