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Andrusov Nikolay Ivanovich (1861 - 1924) was a Russian geologist, stratigrapher, and palaeontologist. He was born in Odessa, then a part of Russia. He studied geology and zoology at the Novorossia University in Odessa . He then traveled across Russia and central Europe to collect fossil specimens.The Challenger expeditio n of 18721876 studied processes of the sea floor. In 1889 Andrusov published a review of this expedition in the Mining Journal. He would later perform studies of the geology and sediments of the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea. In 1890-91 he participated in a deep water expedition to the Black Sea by the Russian Geographical Society. This expedition discovered hydrogen sulfide in the lower portions of this lake. Andrusov was the first to propose that this substance was created by biological decomposition of life forms (bacteria) containing sulfurous compounds.
Building of the Odessa University is depicted on preprinted stamp. The University, as is known, for many years were a unique centre of science in the South of Russia. The outstanding contributors to geology, stratigraphy, hydrogeology and paleontology worked there. V.D. Lascarev, I.V. Sintsov and others generated regional collections of the University paleonthological museum. Further exposition was replenished by means of new discoveries of ancient burials in Odessa, found in underground hollows. In a 1928 in Odessa catacombs karst caves were found out, where in alluvium there remained the whole accumulation of residuals. Over forty spices of animals are described here. In the fossil structure were a late pliocene camel, a tiger, hyenas, other predators, rodents, birds, including ostrich, a mastodon etc. The scheduled excavation in the karst caves of Odessa was begun in 1935. The scientific principal of the expedition was D.K. Tretyakov.Odessky paleontological museum is one of the oldest in Ukraine. In 1865, simultaneously with the establishment of Novorossiysk Uni
V.O.Kovalevsky USSR 1952
Wikipedia Official site of Odessa I.I.Mechnikov
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Latest update 30.05.2013
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